Terrestrial animal products and by-products: Import policy framework
9 Products of animal origin containing multiple ingredients

Imported commodities may contain multiple animal-origin ingredients mixed together, for example, fertilizers, livestock feeds and feed ingredients, medicinal products, or mixtures used for the production of pet foods. These commodities may present a risk of introduction of animal diseases of concern to Canada even though the individual ingredients may be somewhat diluted when blended with other materials. AIRS may not list specific import conditions for the blended commodity, but instead may list conditions for the individual ingredients if imported on their own. For example, if a medicinal product contains a bovine ingredient, a porcine ingredient, and a cervid ingredient, you are unlikely to find this exact commodity in AIRS, but you may be able to locate the AIRS conditions for each of the three ingredients separately.

The following principles are intended to guide CFIA staff in determining the import conditions for a commodity containing multiple ingredients, one or more of which is animal-origin:

  1. If any single animal-origin ingredient in the commodity is prohibited from entering Canada, the entire commodity is prohibited from entering Canada
  2. If an import permit is required for one or more ingredients, the entire commodity would require an import permit
  3. If a zoosanitary certificate is required for one or more ingredients, the entire commodity would require a zoosanitary certificate
  4. If a commodity contains multiple ingredients derived from the same species, the import conditions listed in AIRS from the commodity with the more stringent conditions should be applied to the commodity (for example, if the product contains two avian ingredients, the first of which requires a Canada Customs Invoice, and the second of which requires an import permit and zoosanitary certificate, the entire commodity would require an import permit and zoosanitary certificate)
  5. If the commodity contains a mixture of ingredients from more than one species, the import conditions listed in AIRS from all animal-origin ingredients should be applied to the commodity
  6. If an import permit is required for more than one individual ingredient, a single import permit may be issued listing the import conditions for all animal-origin ingredients in the following format:

    "Pertaining to the (name of 1st animal-origin ingredient), the following import conditions apply:

    (list import conditions for 1st animal-origin ingredient)

    Pertaining to the (name of 2nd animal-origin ingredient), the following import conditions apply:

    (list import conditions for 2nd animal-origin ingredient)

    Pertaining to the (name of 3rd animal-origin ingredient), the following import conditions apply:

    (list import conditions for 3rd animal-origin ingredient)…"

  7. If any incompatibilities are noted between the conditions of separate ingredients, established channels should be followed for obtaining program advice regarding how to proceed
  8. If Canada Border Services Agency provides a ruling regarding the appropriate HS code for the commodity as a whole, this HS code may assist in locating the applicable import conditions in AIRS
  9. If a commodity contains one animal-origin ingredient mixed with one or more non-animal-origin ingredients (for example, 40% poultry meal and 60% plant-origin ingredients) the conditions that would apply to the single animal-origin ingredient on its own would apply to the commodity as a whole

The importer is also responsible for ensuring compliance with other CFIA programs or the requirements of other government departments or agencies. For example, if a product contains plant-based ingredients in addition to animal-origin ingredients, the importer is also responsible for verifying whether there are any import requirements applicable to the plant-based ingredients. It is possible that separate import permits or other documentation may be required under the other CFIA programs or other government departments or agencies.

It should also be noted that requests to evaluate new commodities may take place according to the policy Request to import a new commodity or import from a new country of origin.

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