Terrestrial Animal Products and By-products: Import Policy Framework
6 Diseases of concern to Canada's animal resource base
Import controls applied by the CFIA to animal products and by-products are in place to prevent the introduction into Canada of diseases of concern to Canada's animal resource base. The CFIA may apply import controls which address diseases under any of the following categories:
- Any Reportable Disease
- Any disease referred to in Schedule VII (Immediately Notifiable and Annually Notifiable Diseases)
- Any serious epizootic disease to which the species from which the animal product or by-product was derived is susceptible and that can be transmitted through the animal product or by-product
The CFIA has evaluated some countries with respect to their animal health status, in order to recognize them as being free. A list of these countries and their animal health status can be found on the CFIA website.
In the case of BSE, a country is classified by the OIE according to the categories "negligible risk", "controlled risk", and "undetermined risk", and this status is factored into decisions regarding import controls. For other ruminant diseases of concern, countries are classified by Canada as "free" or "not free", and these categories are also factored into decisions regarding import controls. Information related to Canada's recognition of other countries with respect to BSE can be found in the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Import Policy for Bovine Animals and their Products and By-Products.
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