Terrestrial Animal Products and By-products: Import Policy Framework
4 General policy statement
Imported animal products and by-products can potentially transmit diseases of concern if exposed to domestic animals, and can harm Canada's livestock populations, reduce or halt agricultural production, and adversely impact Canada's economy. Animal diseases can also adversely impact animal welfare, harm wild animal populations, and in the case of zoonotic diseases threaten the safety of Canada's people.
It is the mandate of the CFIA to protect Canada's livestock populations, and to mitigate the risk of introduction and spread of animal diseases of concern in Canada. Under the legislative provisions of the Health of Animals Act and the Health of Animals Regulations, the CFIA Animal Health Program regulates the import of animal products and by-products. Other acts and regulations under the mandates of the CFIA may also be applicable to some animal products and by-products.
Factors taken into consideration when assessing the disease risks associated with a particular import may include:
- identification of hazard, and risk analysis
- country of origin of the commodity (evaluation of animal health status and veterinary infrastructure)
- species from which the animal product or by-product is derived
- processing of the commodity, where applied
- animal health status of countries of transit/transshipment
- end use in Canada
- OIE standards and guidelines
- the disease status and existing national disease controls in Canada
Import conditions are developed based upon the above factors, for negotiation of export certification with exporting countries, or for inclusion on an import permit. In some cases, the risks of importation may be unknown or exceed an acceptable level of protection, and the importation is prohibited.
In situations where an importer or exporting country is requesting the import of a new commodity, a full Risk Assessment may be required. Information can be found in the CFIA policy: Request to import a new commodity or import from a new country of origin.
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