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Archived - Proposal - Maximum Nutrient Values in Poultry (Chicken and Turkey) Feeds

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Purpose

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has embarked on a comprehensive change agenda to strengthen its foundation of legislation, regulatory programs and inspection delivery. These directions set the context for the renewal of the federal Feeds Regulations (Regulations).

The goal of renewing the Regulations is to develop a modernized risk- and outcome- based regulatory framework for feeds which:

Modernization of the Regulations provides the opportunity to review feed controls, standards, labelling and other regulatory requirements. The purpose of this proposal is to review the nutrient content standards for poultry (chickens and turkeys) set out in Table 4 of Schedule I, that have been used to exempt complete feeds and some supplements from registration, and recommend possible updates or amendments to the current requirements.

Background and Current Situation

Table 4 of Schedule I was created and incorporated into the Feeds Regulations in the 1980s as a mechanism to exempt certain groups of feeds from registration. The original Table 4 established nutrient ranges (minimums and maximums) as exemption criteria for feeds for chickens, turkeys, swine, beef and dairy cattle, and sheep. In 1990, via two regulatory amendments, the table was first expanded to include horses, goats, ducks, and geese; and then for rabbits, mink, and salmonid fish. Since that time, there have been no other substantive changes to the table or to any of the nutrient ranges.

Currently, if a complete feed provides nutrients which fall within the ranges listed in Table 4, or a supplement has directions for use which would result in a complete feed that provides nutrients which fall within the Table 4 ranges, the feed can be exempted from registration. Feeds that provide nutrients which fall outside the ranges listed in Table 4, and that do not meet any additional exemption criteria, require assessment and registration by the CFIA prior to manufacture and sale.

As indicated in the Feed Regulatory Renewal Consolidated Modernized Framework Proposal, both the CFIA and stakeholders recognize that the values in Table 4 no longer have the same nutritional relevancy that they did when the table was first introduced. Stakeholders have also indicated that they feel that Table 4 prevents innovation for new feed products. However, many of the maximum nutrient limits which are currently set in Table 4 have health and safety implications that must be considered.

Considerations

As mentioned, the domestic feed industry considers that the Table 4 nutrient ranges are out of date, and that this table is no longer an appropriate regulatory tool to control feeds. However, there remains a continued need for an enforceable regulatory framework regarding maximum nutrient concentrations in livestock feeds. For instance, higher levels of certain vitamins in livestock rations (e.g., vitamins A, D, and E) can be harmful to livestock or can be concentrated into tissues that are used for human consumption, thus posing potential risk to human health. Similarly, certain minerals (e.g., copper, phosphorus and zinc) can also contribute to increased environmental risks.

An analysis of poultry nutritional requirements and maximum tolerable dietary nutrient levels was conducted by the CFIA with the following scope:

Information sources used in the review of nutrient maximums in poultry feeds included:

Proposal

It is proposed that:

  1. Table 4 be removed from the Regulations and no longer serve as a trigger for registration of feeds based on specified ranges of nutrient content; and,
  2. Maximums be established and incorporated by reference for nutrients for which there are safety or therapeutic use concerns.

This proposed approach addresses stakeholder concerns regarding Table 4 and its relevance in current industry practices, as well as claims that the nutrient ranges provided in Table 4 impede new products from entering the marketplace. Furthermore, it addresses concerns regarding the harmful impact that higher levels of certain nutrients may have on livestock or the resulting food products, and underscores the modernized regulatory framework's focus on health and safety for humans, animals, and the environment. It is further proposed that:

Appendix I sets out the proposed maximum nutrient values for Chicken feeds.

Appendix II sets out the proposed maximum nutrient values for Turkey feeds.

Anticipated Outcomes

This modernized regulatory approach to the oversight of maximum nutrient content in poultry feeds would:

While this proposal is specific to chicken and turkey feeds, future proposals will be developed for additional species subject to the Feeds Regulations and include proposed maximum nutrient values for the species in question.

Stakeholders will be provided with an opportunity to comment on all proposals, including the maximum nutrient values being suggested for each species or class of species, before they are incorporated into a regulatory framework.

Have your say

The CFIA is seeking feedback on the proposal to modify the regulatory requirements related to maximum nutrient content in livestock feed:

  • Do you have any concerns with the proposal to remove the Table 4 range of nutrients from the Feeds Regulations and no longer exempt feeds from registration based on nutrient content of the feeds?
  • Do you have any concerns with the proposal to establish maximum nutrient values for livestock feeds?
  • Do you have any concerns with the proposed maximum nutrient values outlined in Appendix I for chicken feeds?
  • Do you have any concerns with the proposed maximum nutrient values outlined in Appendix II for turkey feeds?
  • Would the proposed amendments to the Feeds Regulations be effective in protecting human and animal health and the environment?
  • Are there options not mentioned in this proposal that should be explored?
  • Any additional feedback?

We strongly encourage you to provide your input and feedback, which is critically important to the success of the regulatory modernization initiative. Written comments may be forwarded by December 23rd, 2016 to:

Sergio Tolusso
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Animal Feed Division
59 Camelot Drive
Ottawa, ON K1A 0Y9
E-mail: Sergio.tolusso@inspection.gc.ca
Fax: 613-773-7565

References: A complete bibliography is available upon request

Appendix I – Proposed Maximum Nutrient Values for Chicken Feed

Class Current Proposed
Starter Not Applicable 0 - 4 weeks
Grower 0 - 8 weeks 4 - 8 weeks
Finisher 8 - 20 weeks > 8 weeks
Broiler Breeder Breeding > 21 weeks
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 17 - 21 weeks 16 - 23 weeks
Layer / Layer Breeder Not Applicable > 19 weeks

Rationale:

Macro-minerals (%, at 88% DM ([Dry Matter])

Calcium (Ca)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 1.2 1.5
Grower 1.2 1.5
Finisher 1.2 1.5
Broiler Breeder 6.0 5.0
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 2.5 4.0
Layer / Layer Breeder 6.0 5.0

Rationale: Animal Health

Phosphorus (P)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 1.2 1.0
Grower 1.2 1.0
Finisher 1.2 1.0
Broiler Breeder 1.5 1.0
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 1.2 0.8
Layer / Layer Breeder 1.5 0.8

Rationale: Animal Health

Magnesium (Mg)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.3 0.5
Grower 0.3 0.5
Finisher 0.3 0.5
Broiler Breeder 0.3 0.5
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 0.3 0.5
Layer / Layer Breeder 0.3 0.75

Rationale: Animal Health

Sodium (Na)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.8 0.45
Grower 0.8 0.45
Finisher 0.8 0.45
Broiler Breeder 0.8 0.45
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 0.8 0.45
Layer / Layer Breeder 0.8 0.45

Rationale: Animal Health

Potassium (K)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 2.0 2.0
Grower 2.0 2.0
Finisher 2.0 2.0
Broiler Breeder 2.0 2.0
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 2.0 2.0
Layer / Layer Breeder 2.0 2.0

Rationale: Animal Health

Sulfur (S)
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS
[No Recommendation Specified]
0.4
Grower NRS 0.4
Finisher NRS 0.4
Broiler Breeder NRS 0.4
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder NRS 0.4
Layer / Layer Breeder NRS 0.4

Rationale: Animal Health

Trace Minerals (mg/kg, at 88% DM)

Cobalt (Co)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 5.0 1.0
Grower 5.0 1.0
Finisher 5.0 1.0
Broiler Breeder 5.0 1.0
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 5.0 1.0
Layer / Layer Breeder 5.0 1.0

Rationale: Worker Safety / Food Safety

Copper (Cu)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 125 125
Grower 125 125
Finisher 125 125
Broiler Breeder 125 125
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 125 125
Layer / Layer Breeder 125 125

Rationale: Food Safety

Iodine (I)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 10 5.0
Grower 10 5.0
Finisher 10 5.0
Broiler Breeder 10 5.0
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 10 5.0
Layer / Layer Breeder 10 3.0

Rationale: Food Safety

Iron (Fe)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 750 450
Grower 750 450
Finisher 750 450
Broiler Breeder 750 450
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 750 450
Layer / Layer Breeder 750 450

Rationale: Animal Health

Manganese (Mn)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 500 150
Grower 500 150
Finisher 500 150
Broiler Breeder 500 150
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 500 150
Layer / Layer Breeder 500 150

Rationale: Worker Safety

Selenium (Se)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Grower 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Finisher 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Broiler Breeder 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Layer / Layer Breeder 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)

Rationale: Food Safety

Zinc (Zn)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 500 150
Grower 500 150
Finisher 500 150
Broiler Breeder 500 150
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 500 150
Layer / Layer Breeder 500 100

Rationale: Animal Health / Environment

Vitamins (IU/Kg, at 88% DM) (IU = international units)

Vitamin A
Class Current Proposed
Starter 20,000 20,000
Grower 20,000 10,000
Finisher 20,000 10,000
Broiler Breeder 40,000 10,000
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 20,000 10,000
Layer / Layer Breeder 40,000 10,000

Rationale: Animal Health / Food Safety

Vitamin D
Class Current Proposed
Starter 5,000 6,500
Grower 5,000 6,500
Finisher 5,000 6,500
Broiler Breeder 5,000 6,500
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder 5,000 6,500
Layer / Layer Breeder 5,000 6,500

Rationale: Animal Health

Vitamin E
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS 200
Grower NRS 200
Finisher NRS 200
Broiler Breeder NRS 200
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder NRS 200
Layer / Layer Breeder NRS 200

Rationale: Animal Health

Vitamin C
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS Remove
Grower NRS Remove
Finisher NRS Remove
Broiler Breeder NRS Remove
Pre-Layer / Pre-Layer Breeder NRS Remove
Layer / Layer Breeder NRS Remove

Rationale: Not Applicable

Appendix II – Proposed Maximum Nutrient Values for Turkey Feeds

Class Current Proposed
Starter 0 - 4 weeks 0 - 8 weeks
Grower N/A > 8 weeks
Breeder Grower Breeder 15 – 28 weeks
Breeder Breeder > 28 weeks

Rationale:

Macro-minerals (%, at 88% DM)

Calcium (Ca)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 2.5 1.8
Grower 2.5 2.5
Breeder Grower N/A 1.0
Breeder 4.0 4.0

Rationale: Animal Health

Phosphorus (P)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 1.2 1.2
Grower 1.2 1.0
Breeder Grower 1.2 1.0
Breeder 1.2 0.8

Rationale: Animal Health / Environment

Magnesium (Mg)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.3 0.5
Grower 0.3 0.5
Breeder Grower 0.3 0.5
Breeder 0.3 0.75

Rationale: Animal Health

Sodium (Na)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.8 0.45
Grower 0.8 0.45
Breeder Grower 0.8 0.45
Breeder 0.8 0.45

Rationale: Animal Health

Potassium (K)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 2.0 2.0
Grower 2.0 2.0
Breeder Grower 2.0 2.0
Breeder 2.0 2.0

Rationale: Animal Health

Sulfur (S)
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS 0.4
Grower NRS 0.4
Breeder Grower NRS 0.4
Breeder NRS 0.4

Rationale: Animal Health

Trace Minerals (mg/kg, at 88% DM)

Cobalt (Co)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 5.0 1.0
Grower 5.0 1.0
Breeder Grower 5.0 1.0
Breeder 5.0 1.0

Rationale: Worker Safety

Copper (Cu)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 125 125
Grower 125 125
Breeder Grower 125 125
Breeder 125 125

Rationale: Animal Health / Environment

Iodine (I)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 10 5.0
Grower 10 5.0
Breeder Grower 10 5.0
Breeder 10 5.0

Rationale: Food Safety

Iron (Fe)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 750 450
Grower 750 450
Breeder Grower 750 450
Breeder 750 450

Rationale: Animal Health

Manganese (Mn)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 500 150
Grower 500 150
Breeder Grower 500 150
Breeder 500 150

Rationale: Animal Health

Selenium (Se)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Grower 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Breeder Grower 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)
Breeder 0.3 (added) 0.5 (total)

Rationale: Food Safety

Zinc (Zn)
Class Current Proposed
Starter 500 150
Grower 500 150
Breeder Grower 500 150
Breeder 500 100

Rationale: Animal Health / Environment

Vitamins (IU/Kg, at 88% DM) (IU = international units)

Vitamin A
Class Current Proposed
Starter 40,000 20,000
Grower 40,000 10,000
Breeder Grower 40,000 10,000
Breeder 40,000 10,000

Rationale: Animal Health / Food Safety

Vitamin D
Class Current Proposed
Starter 5,000 6,500
Grower 5,000 6,500
Breeder Grower 5,000 6,500
Breeder 5,000 6,500

Rationale: Animal Health

Vitamin E
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS 200
Grower NRS 200
Breeder Grower NRS 200
Breeder NRS 200

Rationale: Animal Health

Vitamin C
Class Current Proposed
Starter NRS Remove
Grower NRS Remove
Breeder Grower NRS Remove
Breeder NRS Remove

Rationale: Not Applicable

References: A complete bibliography is available upon request

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