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Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations  (Cross-border Transport Biosecurity Protocol)

Title or Working Title of the Regulatory Initiative

Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (Cross-border Transport Biosecurity Protocol)

Description of the Objective

The Health of Animals Regulations contain biosecurity requirements, which require the cleaning and disinfection of certain livestock and poultry conveyances prior to entry into Canada. Cleaning and disinfection of conveyances represent one way to prevent the introduction of foreign and new and emerging animal diseases into Canada. Cleaning, disinfection and drying is a proven method for the reduction of risk associated with the transmission of disease. Biosecurity and disease prevention is a shared responsibility between government and industry.

Regulatory gaps that were identified during the 2014 Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea outbreak highlighted the need to review requirements for cleaning conveyances. This proposed regulatory amendment would mitigate the risk of disease introduction through contaminated livestock and poultry transport conveyances at all Canadian land border crossings or ports of entry and would include proposed amendments that are aligned with current science and industry practices.

Enabling Act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" Rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. The CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory Cooperation Efforts (domestic, international)

This proposal was informed through consultations conducted by the province of Manitoba. The consultations were done with provinces, territories and national industry associations.

Public Consultation Opportunities

It is anticipated these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2020. A public comment period of 75 days will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

The CFIA along with the Canadian Council of Chief Veterinary Officers, provinces and provincial and national industry association partners established a Cross Border Biosecurity Working Group to develop regulatory and policy options for mitigating the risk of disease introduction through contaminated transport conveyances, for all hazards and all livestock and poultry species from a national perspective.

Departmental Contact

Date the Regulatory Initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 update.

For more information

Consult CFIA's acts and regulations web page for:

Consult the following for links to the Cabinet Directive on Regulation and supporting policies and guidance, and for information on government-wide regulatory initiatives implemented by departments and agencies across the Government of Canada:

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit:

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