RMD-12-06: The addition of plant taxa to Canada's list of plants for planting that are not authorized for importation pending completion of a pest risk analysis

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Date of entry into force: July 29, 2013

Preface

This Risk Management Document (RMD) records the consultation process for the identified issue. It is consistent with the principles, terminology and guidelines provided in the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) standards.

1.0 Purpose

This RMD provides background information on Canada's import requirements for plants for planting and informs of the addition of 122 plant taxa to Canada's list of plants that are not authorized for importation pending the completion of a pest risk analysis.

Information pertaining to current import requirements for specific plants or plant products may be obtained from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Automated Import Reference System.

2.0 Definitions, Abbreviations and Acronyms

Definitions for terms used in this document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms or the IPPC Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms.

3.0 Background

Policy directive D 08 04: Plant Protection Import Requirements for Plants and Plant Parts for Planting describes Canada's general import requirements for plants for planting from all countries to prevent the entry and spread of regulated plant pests. Under D 08 04, the CFIA has established a category of plants that are Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis (NAPPRA). The NAPPRA category is used to allow the CFIA to take action in a timely manner when new scientific evidence indicates that a plant may be a pathway for the dissemination of a pest of quarantine concern to Canada.

If a plant is on the NAPPRA list, or is added to the NAPPRA list, then a Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) must be conducted before the plant can be imported. This is to determine if the plant will be prohibited or authorized for import with restrictions, if deemed necessary, to mitigate the risk of introducing a pest of quarantine concern. When new pest information becomes available for a plant taxa that has been previously imported into Canada, the CFIA may change the categorization of the taxa from authorized to either prohibited or NAPPRA.

A list of plant material that has already been classified as NAPPRA can be found in Appendix 2 of D 08 04.

In May of 2011, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) notified their intent to establish a similar NAPPRA category in their regulations, and on July 26, 2011, the USDA published a proposed list of plants for planting from certain countries that would be added to their NAPPRA list as they are deemed by the USDA to be potential quarantine pests (weeds), or potential hosts of quarantine pests. The proposed United States (U.S.) NAPPRA list includes many plant taxa that are important to both Canada's greenhouse and nursery industries, and to Canada's natural environment, which may lead to a significant risk of negative impacts if any pests of quarantine concern for these taxa were to be introduced into Canada.

In order to mitigate the risk of negative pest impacts on Canada's greenhouse and nursery industries and to Canada's natural environment, the CFIA is taking an approach that considers the pest risk identified in the U.S. NAPPRA data sheets. Canada will add each of the taxa outlined in Appendix 1 of this RMD to the Canadian NAPPRA list for the origin(s) identified. Additional updates may be made in the future.

The addition of taxa to the Canadian NAPPRA list was decided following a World Trade Organization (WTO) notification and comment process which occurred in 2012.

4.0 Considerations

Countries with current Canadian trade of plant taxa listed in Appendix 1 have not been included on the NAPPRA list. Therefore, importers can continue to import the plant taxa from sources that have already been assessed/approved by the CFIA.

Adding a plant taxon to Canada's NAPPRA list prevents the importation of these taxa, which directly mitigates the risk of introducing potentially harmful pests into Canada's greenhouse and nursery environments. Importation of plant taxa from new sources may be permitted after the CFIA has evaluated the phytosanitary risks associated with the pathway through PRA and established phytosanitary import requirements, if necessary, to mitigate the risk.

For taxa imported into Canada from countries that are on the U.S. NAPPRA list, these plant taxa will no longer be eligible for export to the U.S. from Canada. Plants which do not meet U.S. import requirements at the time of entry into Canada will not be considered as Canadian origin, and can never be exported or re exported to the U.S., including their progeny.

5.0 Risk Management Decision

The CFIA considered stakeholder comments, scientific data, as well as environmental and trade impacts prior to finalizing the updates to Canada's NAPPRA list.

6.0 Stakeholder Communications

A notification to stakeholders and trading partners with the updated D 08 04 Appendix 2 will be distributed via the CFIA ListServe, through a WTO notification process, and will be posted on the CFIA's website.

7.0 References

ISPM No. 5, Glossary of phytosanitary terms, Rome, FAO (updated annually)

ISPM No. 2, Framework for pest risk analysis, 2007, Rome, FAO

ISPM No. 11, Pest risk analysis for quarantine pests including analysis of environmental risks and living modified organisms, 2004, Rome, FAO

D 08 04: Plant Protection Import Requirements for Plant and Plant Parts for Planting: Preventing the entry and spread of regulated plant pests associated with the plants for planting pathway, CFIA

D 11 01: Phytosanitary Requirements for Plants for Planting and Fresh Branches to Prevent the Entry and Spread of Anoplophora spp., CFIA

U.S. NAPPRA list (http://www.aphis.usda.gov/import_export/plants/plant_imports/Q37/nappra/index.shtml) [July 24, 2012]

8.0 Endorsement

Approved by:

space
Chief Plant Health Officer

Signature of the Chief Plant Health Officer is required only on completion of the pest risk management process, to indicate approval of the final decision. This section is included in the RMD after stakeholder consultation has occurred and a final decision is made.

Appendix 1

Note

The following table shows the NAPPRA list at the time of publication of this RMD, on July 29, 2013. For the most up-to-date version of the NAPPRA list, please see instead Appendix 2 of directive D-08-04.

Updated Canadian NAPPRA (Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis) List
Latin Name NAPPRA from Regulated plant part
Acacia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Acer spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Germany, Japan, Netherlands,
New Zealand
Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Acrocomia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Actinidia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and France, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Aesculus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts including seed
Albizia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Israel, Japan Propagative plant parts excluding seed
Alnus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Amaranthus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Aralia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Costa Rica, Guatemala, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Artemisia austriaca All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Astrocaryum spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Atriplex spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Attalea spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Bactris spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Betula spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Brahea spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Bromus spp. All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Broussonetia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Butia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cajanus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Calamus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Malaysia, Singapore Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Camellia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and
Costa Rica, Japan, Netherlands, Republic of Korea
Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Carpinus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan, Netherlands, Republic of Korea Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Carya spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cassinia spp. All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Castanopsis spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Casuarina spp.
(=Allocasuarina spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Catalpa spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Celastrus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Celtis sinensis All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Cercis spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Costa Rica, Israel, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cestrum laevigatum All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Chaenomeles spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts and decorative branches excluding seeds
Chenopodium spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cornus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Corylus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cotoneaster spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Crataegus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Denmark, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cryptomeria spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Cydonia spp.
(=Pseudocydonia spp.)
All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts and decorative branches excluding seeds
Datura spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts including seeds
Desmoncus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Elaeagnus spp. All origins except continental U.S. and Belgium, France, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Eriobotrya spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Euterpe spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Israel, Taiwan, Viet Nam Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Fagus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Germany, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ficus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and China, Guatemala, Republic of Korea, Thailand Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Fragaria spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Fraxinus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Grevillea spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Hakea spp. All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Halogetum spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Hedera spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Israel, Mexico Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Hibiscus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and France, Japan, Netherlands, Viet Nam Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ilex spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Denmark, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Republic of Korea Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Juglans spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Lagerstroemia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Israel Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Larix spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Lepidium spp.
(syn Senebiera spp., Coronopus spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Lindera spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Liquidambar spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Litchi spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ludwigia hyssopifolia
Ludwigia prostrata
All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Maackia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Mallotus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Malus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts and decorative branches excluding seeds
Malva spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Mangifera spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Manicaria spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Mauritia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Melia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Metroxylon spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Morus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Oenocarpus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Olea spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Oncosperma spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ostrya spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Parrotia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Persea spp.
(=Machilus spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Photinia spp.
(=Stranvaesia spp.)
All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Picea spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Costa Rica, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Picnomon spp. All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Pinus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Platanus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Polygonum spp.
(=Reynoutria spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Populus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Prunus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts and decorative branches excluding seeds
Pseudolarix spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Psidium spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Punica spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Pyracantha spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands, Republic of Korea Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Pyrus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts and decorative branches excluding seeds
Quercus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Germany, Japan, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Rhamnus alaternus All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Rhododendron spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Belgium, Japan, Netherlands, Republic of Korea Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Rhus spp.
(=Toxicodendron spp.)
All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ribes spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Robinia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Israel, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Rosa spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Australia, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Roystonea spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Rubus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Germany, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Rumex sagittatus All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Sabal spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Sageretia spp. All origins except continental U.S., and China Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Sapium spp.
(=Triadica spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Senecio angulatus All origins Propagative plant parts including seeds
Solanum spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding true seeds
Sophora spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Sorbus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Spergularia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Styrax spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands, Republic of Korea Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Syagrus spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Toona spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ulmus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Vaccinium spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Australia Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Vernicia spp.
(=Aleurites spp.)
All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Viburnum spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Germany, Japan, Netherlands Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Washingtonia spp. All origins except continental U.S. Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
Ziziphus spp. All origins except continental U.S., and Japan Propagative plant parts excluding seeds
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