Update of directive D-13-03: Phytosanitary import requirements to prevent the introduction of Lobesia botrana, the European grapevine moth

Subject

The 1st revision of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA's) directive "D-13-03: Phytosanitary import requirements to prevent the introduction of Lobesia botrana, the European grapevine moth" has been published for a 60-day comment period through the World Trade Organization Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System.

☒ Import
checkbox Export
checkbox Domestic movement

Implementation date

January 2, 2018

Implementation period

New additional declarations for systems approaches and pest-free areas: 30-day implementation period from January 2, 2018 to February 1, 2018, during which both the old and new additional declarations will be accepted on phytosanitary certificates received by Canada.

New fumigation schedules for grapes and blueberries: 6-month implementation period from January 2, 2018 to July 3, 2018, during which either the old or new fumigation schedules may be used and indicated on phytosanitary certificates received by Canada.

Other changes: All other changes are trade-facilitating and/or have previously been notified on (see below for details).

Document referenced

The 1st revision of D-13-03 can be accessed through the World Trade Organization Sanitary and Phytosanitary Information Management System.

Old/current version of document for comparison

D-13-03: Phytosanitary import requirements to prevent the introduction of Lobesia botrana, the European grapevine moth (Original)

Articles

Various fresh fruits and plants for planting as listed in Annex of D-13-03, e.g. Vitis spp. (grapes), Vaccinium spp. (blueberries) and Prunus spp. (stone fruit).

Under the 1st revision of D-13-03, the following taxa have been removed from the list of regulated articles: Actinidia spp. (kiwi), Berberis vulgaris (European barberry), Diospyros kaki (persimmon), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Ziziphus jujube (Chinese date).

Countries

All countries listed in Annex 1 of D-13-03. Under the 1st revision of D-13-03, the United States has been removed from the list of regulated countries.

Details of new/amended requirements

  • Following the eradication of L. botrana in the United States, this country has been removed from the list of regulated countries in Annex 2 of D-13-03 (trade facilitating). These changes have already been implemented in the CFIA's Automated Import Reference System (AIRS).
  • The following taxa, both fruits and plants, have been removed from the list of regulated articles in Annex 1 of D-13-03 as they have been re-evaluated (based on feedback from other countries and additional review of the scientific literature) as posing a relatively low risk for the introduction of L. botrana into Canada: Actinidia spp. (kiwi), Berberis vulgaris (European barberry), Diospyros kaki (persimmon), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Ziziphus jujube (Chinese date) (trade facilitating). Some of these requirements had never been implemented in AIRS and those that were have now been removed.
  • Cut plant material (e.g. for consumption or decorative purposes) of regulated host taxa is now exempt from specific requirements for L. botrana, though all articles imported to Canada must still be free from the pest (trade facilitating). These requirements were never implemented in AIRS.
  • For plants for planting, the requirement for a pest-free area, systems approach or fumigation has been replaced with a requirement for an additional declaration stating the plants have been inspected and found free from flowers, fruits and L. botrana. This change is trade facilitating but note that, though the previous stricter requirements were notified in the previous version of this notification (published 09/04/2014), they were never implemented in AIRS. This will therefore be the first time that specific requirements related to L. botrana are implemented for plants for planting. These requirements will be implemented in AIRS on the effective date of D-13-01 1st rev. (January 2, 2018).
  • For fresh fruit, the wording of the additional declarations for pest-free areas and systems approaches has been modified. These changes will be implemented in AIRS on the effective date of D-13-01 1st rev. (January 2, 2018), but there will be a 30-day implementation period during which both the old and the new additional declarations will be accepted on phytosanitary certificates received by Canada. Starting on February 1, 2018, only the new additional declarations will be accepted.
  • The fumigation schedules for fresh fruit have been moved from the appendices of this directive to a stand-alone webpage referenced in the directive. The fumigation schedules for fresh blueberries and grapes have been modified and the equivalent schedules in the United States Department of Agriculture Treatment Manual have been noted. Following the effective date of D-13-03 1st rev. (January 2, 2018), there will be a 6-month implementation period during which either the old or new fumigation schedules may be used and will be accepted on phytosanitary certificates received by Canada; both sets of fumigation schedules will appear in AIRS. Starting on July 3, 2018, only the new fumigation schedules may be used; the older fumigation schedules will be removed from AIRS.

For more information, please contact:

Horticulture Section, Canadian Food Inspection Agency: horticulture@inspection.gc.ca

Date modified: