Canada Organic Office Peer Review of the United States National Organic Program
2.0 Background

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On June 17, 2009, the Government of Canada entered into an arrangement on the trade of organic products with the United States. This arrangement was the result of considerable review by both the United States and Canada.

Since the United States department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) signed the US-Canada Organic Equivalency Arrangement (USCOEA), the National Organic Program (NOP) and the Canada Organic Office (COO) have worked to ensure a smooth implementation of the arrangement.

During the establishment of the organic arrangement it was also agreed to conduct peer reviews of each respective organic program. The NOP and the COO have decided that the process of peer reviews will alternate.

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