New Technologies and Procedures

This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).

Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository

Table of Contents:

Introduction

Operators constantly ask to implement new Technologies and Procedures – Examples

  • Rinse and Chill method for ruminant slaughter plants
  • Computed Tomography (CT) scanner for carcass evaluation
  • High Pressure Processing (HPP) technology
  • Antimicrobial sprays
  • Automated poultry eviscerator system equipment
  • CO2 Stunning technology
  • Controlled Atmosphere Stunning (CAS) technology
  • Low Atmosphere Pressure System (LAPS) technology
  • Electrical stimulation

Operators constantly ask to implement new Technologies and Procedures – Examples

  • Modified rail inspection for cattle slaughter.
  • Use of electromagnetic or particle waves on line
  • The use of machine vision
  • Robo Batcher® technology
  • Water jet cutting robot
  • The Revo-portioner®
  • M-Vac® sampling
  • Combi (water/air) chilling

Facts

  • CFIA no longer approves materials/technologies Covered through operators' Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) System and Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) verification of validation documentation.
  • CFIA staff involvement mandatory if a technology affects:
    • Product safety
    • CFIA inspection procedures
    • CFIA inspection staff safety
    • Animal welfare
    • or contravenes the Manual of Operating Procedures – Meat Hygiene (MOP) or existing regulations.

Current Situation

Team provides:

1.1. Principles

  • We do not approve technologies or procedures
  • We do not re-introduce a requirement for material approvals
  • We do not create red tape or more hoops an operator has to jump through – we provide a service to assess technology ahead of implementation
  • We provide technical and process intelligence to OPS staff and National Specialists
  • We help making educated decisions on new technologies and procedures
  • We identify where new technologies or procedures conflict with policy or regulations and propose solutions

1.2. Definitions

A new technology, for the purposes of this document, is
defined as is a novel technology never used by the industry (material, substance or equipment) in a federally registered establishment.
A procedure is
a series of steps that Industry is to follow in order to achieve the objectives outlined in CFIA concept of operations.
A notification is
defined as a written proposal to implement a totally new technology in a federally registered establishment.
A protocol is defined as
a detailed plan of the implementation of a totally new technology through an on-site trial in a federally registered establishment.

Service provided

Manufacturer, operator or CFIA staff contacts the team and provides detailed product/process information

  • Team will bring the information forward to the relevant National Specialists and analyze
  • Team will notify requestor of the outcome, following the established service standards:
    • Contact for operators: CFIA Veterinarian in Charge (VIC)/Inspector in Charge (IIC)
    • Contact for CFIA VIC/IIC: Regional Veterinary Officer (RVO), Area Meat Programs Specialist, National Specialist who forwards the request to the New Technologies and Procedures Team.
    • Contact for Manufacturer/Distributor of technologies not yet in the marketplace: New Technologies and Procedures Team

1.3 Service Standards

Notification

  • The National New Technologies and procedures Specialist (NNTPS) will assign a tracking number to the notification
  • The National New Technologies and procedures Specialist (NNTPS) will send a notice acknowledging date of receipt of the notification to the applicant.
  • The notification is reviewed by CFIA New Technologies and Procedures Team, to determine whether any of the following concerns exists:

Notification review

When using new technology:

  • It could negatively impact food safety
  • It contradicts existing CFIA regulations or CFIA Policy
  • It requires change to existing inspection procedures
  • It could negatively impact the safety of CFIA inspection staff
  • It could negatively impact animal welfare

Notification decision

  • Review and respond within 30 days in writing that
    • The CFIA does not object to the implementation of the technology as-is, or
    • The CFIA recommends that concerns be addressed or
    • The CFIA recommends that a trial be run, or
    • The CFIA recommends not market/use the technology.

Publication of the decision

  • The team will publish all favourable (no objection decisions on the CFIA public web site based on case by case evaluation.)

Assistance with Trial in Federally Registered Establishment

Protocol review

  • New Technologies and Procedures Team reviews the protocol for the planned trial (objectives and methods, date of completion of onsite trial)
  • Where necessary and feasible, we assist with derogation or regulatory exemption to permit experimentation and validation of the new technology/procedure in a federally registered establishment
  • We reserve the right to observe, make corrections to or end a trial if we have reason to believe that one or more of the negative effects listed will occur.

Summary

  • CFIA- New Technology and Procedures Team is an internal and external service which aims to:
    • Create a single entry point for all questions and requests on new technologies and procedures
    • Create a centralized location of all new Technologies and procedures records
    • Post all information about new technologies and/or procedures on the appropriate CFIA website, resulting in a table listing the technologies' current status.

1.4. New Technologies and Procedures Team

CFIA New Technologies and Procedures Team

  • Meat Program Division (MPD)
    • National New Technologies and procedures Specialist
    • Program Specialist
  • Food Safety Division (FSD)
    • Chief, Processing Technology
    • Epidemiologist/Statistician
  • National Inspection Division (NID)
    • Inspection Program team

1.5. New Technologies and procedures Working Group

New Technologies and Procedures Working Group:

  • New Technology and Procedures Network Core members
  • National specialist of concerned area of the technology and/or procedure's use
  • Area specialist of concerned area of the technology and/or procedure's use through the national specialist
  • Other specialists from different federal sectors (Novel Food Division- Health Canada, environment Canada) as well as from private sector

New Technologies and Procedures Team

Where we have been involved?

  1. CT-Scan technology (Done)
  2. 2 HPP Q&A document (Done)
  3. M-Vac system technology (Done)
  4. Top-kip Combo chilling technology (Done)
  5. Gas Stunning technology in poultry (to finalize)
  6. Poultry Rejection Process (PRP) – Turkey training and implementation in Canada (Western, Ontario and Quebec areas) (to finalize)
  7. Poultry Neoplastic Diseases document (Done)
  8. Optional Cavity Detection Project (to finalize)
  9. Hepatitis training document in poultry (Done)
  10. Aspergillosis training document in poultry (Done)
  11. Electrical stimulation in poultry (upcoming)
  12. Evisceration standard on turkey (Done) and fowl. (to finalize)
  13. Training material for Quail, Rabbit, Duck and Pheasant (upcoming)
  14. HACCP – based Slaughter Inspection Program (HIP) and Animal breeder information document in pig (upcoming)
  15. High Line Speed Inspection System (HLIS) – Beef statistical tool (upcoming)
  16. Follow up on the use of thermal imaging for DOA detection at the abattoir (on going)
  17. CFIA Improved Inspection Model Slaughter Working Group (on going)

2. New technology notification/protocol submission document (Internal CFIA use)

3. Guideline for New Technology/ Procedure Notification/Protocol Submission document

3.1. General

Although the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) no longer does approve technologies, a new technology or procedure would fall under CFIA regulation if its use may affect product safety, inspection procedures, and inspection staff safety, animal welfare or require amending existing regulations.

CFIA- New Technology and Procedures Team is an internal and external service which aims to create a single entry point for all questions and requests on new technologies and procedures, to create a centralized location of all new Technologies and procedures records and to post all information about new technologies and/or procedures on the appropriate CFIA website, resulting in a table listing the technologies' current status.

This guide is intended to assist submitters to determine whether they need to notify CFIA of a given new technology they propose to use in meat and poultry products and also when to submit protocols for onsite testing of new technologies. Case by case evaluation is applicable for any new technology/procedure on-site trials in more then one establishment at the time.

3.2. Definitions

A new technology, for the purposes of this document, is defined as
a novel technology never used by the industry (material, substance or equipment), in a federally registered establishment.
A procedure is
a series of steps that Industry is to follow in order to achieve the objectives outlined in CFIA concept of operations.
A notification is defined as
a written proposal to implement a totally new technology in a federally registered establishment.
A protocol is defined as
a detailed plan of the implementation of a totally new technology through an on-site trial in a federally registered establishment.
The data generated from the trial is required to validate that the new technology has no negative impact on areas of concern to the CFIA.

3.3. Identification of new technology/procedure and impact on areas of concern to CFIA

If the new technology/procedure meets the definition in this guideline, a written notification that includes the following information should be submitted to the CFIA:

  1. A description of the new technology
    1. Intent of the technology (its beneficial and adverse expected effects on products.);
    2. Area of the future use of the new technology
    3. Technical description (operation)
      If the new technology involves the use of a substance, is its use permitted under the Food and Drug Act and Regulations
    4. If applicable, whether the substance used will be declared on the labelling of any resultant product
    5. If applicable, a description of safety measures taken to ensure installation of new technology equipment (such as copies of any prior approvals: Health Canada, Environment Canada or Occupational Safety and Health /Canadian Centre for Occupation Health and Safety)
  2. If the new technology may affect food safety.
    1. If yes, validation documentation that demonstrates food safety control on a consistent basis
  3. If the new technology contradicts existing CFIA regulations and inspectional procedures
    1. If yes, validation documentation that demonstrates that the overall regulatory outcome is met
  4. If the new technology may affect the safety of CFIA inspection staff
    1. If yes, documentation that demonstrate how the safety of CFIA inspection is achieved on a consistent basis
  5. If the new technology could affect animal welfare
    1. If yes, documentation that demonstrate that animal welfare Standards are met on a consistent basis

3.4. Notification submission

A written notification should be submitted to CFIA at the address:

1400 Merivale Road,
Ottawa K1A 0Y9,
Meat Program Division (MPD) Policy Development Section

To allow CFIA to review and to address any issues that might need to be resolved, the notification should be received before the planned implementation date.

CFIA will review and respond within 30 days of receipt of the notification.

3.5. Notification Review Process

Notification of the submission to the applicant includes the following steps:

  • Review and response of CFIA within 30 days;
  • Written letter that the notification is incomplete and needs to be revised and resubmitted; or
  • Written letter that an on-site trail is required, and that a written protocol must be submitted and followed or
  • Written letter of no objection.

3.6 Protocol submission

A protocol is required when the use of the new technology could adversely affect food safety, inspection procedures, safety of inspection personnel, requires a CFIA regulation change or animal welfare standards are compromised.

Before conducting an on-site trial of the new technology the submitter should have the written protocol reviewed by CFIA (objectives and methods, date of completion of onsite trial).

A derogation or regulatory exemption could be accepted to permit experimentation and validation of the new technology.

No derogation or regulatory exemption can be accepted if the new technology/procedure conflicts with the provisions of the MIR or the Meat Hygiene MOP.

Most of on-site trails should be completed within 4-8 months after the Agency permits the onsite trial to begin.

3.7. Review of Protocol for Completeness

The written protocol should consist of the following elements:

  1. Name of the submitter and the name and address of the facility at which the trial is to be conducted.
    This should include the contact person for the onsite trial and principle subject matter expert.
  2. Title and Statement of Purpose for Onsite Trial
    This should include the stated objective (what the intended purpose is) in the area of meat hygiene.
  3. Product or Process Being Tested
    This should include the scope (product tested, species, manufacturing process tested).
  4. Control Factors Clearly Identified
    This should include how the application of the process will be measured and the standards of measurement
  5. Experimental Design
    This should include identification of the test subjects and control articles and include the method of control of bias
  6. Tests
    The type, frequency, analyses methods, measurement methods should be included, such as sample set characteristics, handling of samples, number of laboratory analyses required for trial period and analytical methods employed.
  7. Statistical Methods
    How the data is processed statistically. This should include detailed descriptions of analysis techniques and how the records will be formulated.
  8. Timeline
    This included the anticipated length of time of completed the trial, including the exact starting and finishing dates.
  9. Supporting scientific References
    This should include applicable research reviews. Chemicals and materials to be used must be either previously approved by Health Canada or a letter of approval from Health Canada must be submitted with the protocol submission.
  10. Commitment
    A written statement of commitment to provide progress report documents during the onsite trial must be included with the protocol submission.

3.8 Protocol Review Process

CFIA New Technology and Procedure Specialist will be the lead project contact person who will coordinate and facilitate CFIA/Industry activities.

Protocols will be reviewed by the National New Technology and Procedure Specialist for acceptability, completeness and feasibility. If the protocol is acceptable as is, it will be assigned to a CFIA New Technology and Procedure Team (NTPT).

If a protocol is rejected, the applicant could submit a revised written protocol to CFIA for a new review.

Approved protocols with be posted on Merlin as well as on the CFIA external site.

3.9. Verification during the On-site Trial

The submitter provides any relevant data, reports throughout the on-site trial for the CFIA for follow up. CFIA inspection onsite staff reports during this period are also required with regard to the 5 concerns.

CFIA reserves the right to conduct on-site observation during the on-site trial, as well as to suspend or end it, in case of risk to food, CFIA staff safety or animal welfare problems.

3.10. Evaluation of On-site Trial Results

The final report from the applicant will result in a recommendation that:

  • Additional on-site trial(s) are required;
  • Written letter of rejection of the use of the new technology/procedure
  • Written letter of acceptation of the use of the new technology/procedure; and
  • An amendment, exemption or derogation of the regulation.

4. New Technology and Procedures Tracking Table

Track Number File Description Notification Date M/D/Y Trial Start Date M/D/Y Current Status Special Permit
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–1–CT SCAN CT Scan Technology used as: Grading technology calibration purposes for beef carcasses. 4/13/2011 N/A No objection N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–1–CT SCAN Detection of physical carcass defects such as injection sites, abscesses and bruises 5/25/2011 N/A Position of Support for development and evaluation N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–2–M VAC Microbial – VAC system as an alternative sampling technique to assess environmental surfaces, carcasses or trim 6/14/2011 N/A No objection N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–3–COMBI/AIR CHILLING SYSTEM TopKip COMBI/Air Chilling technology used in poultry chilling processes 7/6/2011 N/A No objection N/A
MPD–NewTech/Proc–2011–4–HPP The use of High Pressure Processing technology as a post–lethality treatment for Ready–to–Eat meat products, as per Health Canada decision of no objection to use in RTE meat products. 4/18/2011 N/A Q & A document N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–5–OCDD Project Cavity Defect Detectors as optional under poultry establishments operating under MPIP 2/1/2011 TBD – Poultry Specialist will continue with project details N/A
MPD–Ntech/Proc–2011–6–PRP Project Implementation of a PRP pilot project in selected turkey slaughter establishments operating under MPIP 2/1/2011 Pilot completed April 2012 N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–7–Thermal Imaging Project Thermal imaging technology to distinguish DOA because of transportation of poultry to slaughter establishment 11/10/2011 In use Surveillance of the seasonal impact on the imaging technology to be determined N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2011–8–2011–CASCO2 The use of CO2 for stunning in birds 9/19/2011 Ongoing in two establishments in Canada N/A
MPDNTech/Proc – 2011–9–Poultry PathologyTraining Projects Poultry Aspergillosis Project 10/20/2011 In use Training document N/A
MPDNTech/Proc – 2011–9–Poultry PathologyTraining Projects Poultry Hepatitis Project 9/19/2011 In use Training document N/A
MPDNTech/Proc – 2011–9–Poultry PathologyTraining Projects Poultry Neoplasm Project 9/19/2011 In use Training document N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2012–10–DEXA X–Ray Surveillance Technology X–Ray (DEXA scanner) tomography use for grading of beef 7/3/2012 N/A Letter of no objection issued by NTPMPD, September 2012 N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2012–11–CHAD Hot Water Pasteurization System Expand use of CHAD Hot Water Pasteurization from final wash to pre–evisceration step 7/25/2012 N/A Letter of no objection issued by MPD 2012–10–01 N/A
MPDNTech/Proc–2012–12–réutilisation des eaux usés traités Filtered water from slaughter processes recycled within same facility as potable water 7/20/12 N/A Letter of no objection issued by NTP 2012–10–05 N/A
MPD–NTech/Proc–2012–13–radiofrequency technology for meat processing Radiofrequency radiation (non–ionizing) technology for meat tempering/defrosting in processing 7/30/12 N/A National Processing Specialist – No Objection N/A
MPDNTech/Proc 2012–14–MSIP Single modernized slaughter inspection model for all species 3/12/12 TBD ongoing N/A
MPDNTech/Proc 2012 15–Odorox Hydroxyl Generator UV (hydroxyl production) technology to reduce bacteria, moulds and viruses in the air, surface and contents indoors 8/21/12 N/A No objection N/A
MPDNTech/Proc 2012 16–IEH Advanced Pathogen Testing and Carcass Certification Program The use of an alternative sampling methodology to the N–60 Combo sampling of trims, performed on all beef carcasses at the slaughterhouse 11/19/12 TBD Letter of No Objection issued by NTP 2012–12–19 with recommendation to run a pilot project trial N/A
MPDNTech/Proc 2012 17–Spin Chiller Water Reuse Reuse of potable water in spin chiller for two consecutive shifts 11/27/12 TBD Ongoing N/A
MPDNTech/Proc 2012 18–Turkey Dehocking procedure prior to Defeathering Turkey slaughter establishment proposal to remove hocks prior to defeathering step 11/2/2012 TBD 11/26/12 – NTP recommended pilot project Poultry Network to continue with details N/A
Date modified: