Annex M: Canadian Verification Program for Meat Exports to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union

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This document describes the industry and Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) control methods for the production and certification of pork, beef, veal and poultry products under the maximum residue level and the microbiological standards/mycotic residues adopted by the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union verification program. Purpose of this verification program is to meet requirements mentioned in Annex A of Table 1 of Annex H for Eurasian Customs Union Member States. Pork, beef, veal and poultry products will be referred as meat products in this document.

1. Residue Control Program for Veterinary Drugs

The CFIA is responsible of certifying that meat products intended to be exported to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union do not exceed the veterinary drugs residual levels established by the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union. The test results of this program will not be part of the National Chemical Residue Monitoring Program.

To meet these additional requirements all animals presented for slaughter for export of meat to Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union must be accompanied by the Animal Information Document. This document should include relevant statements outlined in sub-section 1.1 to 1.3 below and be signed by the owner or the person in charge of the animals shipped for slaughter.

The operators of the slaughter establishments should have a segregation program in place to identify animals which are raised under the Canadian Verification Program for Meat Exports to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union from other animals received at the slaughter establishment.

1.1. Tetracycline Industry Control Program

The requirements under this subsection apply to Canadian operators of pork, beef and calf slaughter establishments that are eligible to export to Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union.

The CFIA will only certify meat products under the tetracycline group maximum residue level adopted by the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union (<10 ppb), as demonstrated through the implementation of a control and a testing program.

To allow the operator of slaughterhouse to verify that the 21-day withdrawal period in porkFootnote 1 and 60-day withdrawal period in beef or vealFootnote 1 is being respected and that the residual levels of Tetracyclines in meat products are in compliance with the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union requirements, animal suppliers (producer or production-unit) shall provide an Animal Information Document to slaughter establishments and these establishments must implement a tetracycline group-testing program acceptable to the Veterinarian in Charge (VIC), which includes testing for chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline and other tetracycline residues in meat products intended to be exported to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union.

For each lot of animals eligible to export to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union that will be shipped to slaughter, the owner or person in charge shall provide the transporter with a completed and signed Animal Information Document containing at least the following information:

  • owner identification;
  • premise identification (e.g.: Barn identification number(s));
  • number of animals shipped;
  • shipment date;
  • identification or tattoo number (s);
  • a statement to the effect that the animals shipped respected the withdrawal period (21 days in case of pork and 60 days is case of beef and veal) for tetracyclines group products in accordance with the Canadian Verification Program for Meat Exports to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union;
  • a supplier (barns in the production site under the same management) that has pigs with more than 60 days withdrawal periods or beef or veal with more than 90 days withdrawal periods or is not using veterinary medicines or feed containing the components of the tetracycline group must provide a letter of guarantee evidencing this practice to the slaughter establishment. In such cases, the Animal Identification Document must include a statement to the effect that the animals sent for slaughter were not treated with tetracycline group compound (or not treated within the last 60 days for pigs or 90 days for beef and veal with tetracycline group compound) as applicable, in lieu of the statement referred to above. This supplier will not be subject to the testing program of the Tetracycline Industry Control Program; and
  • a statement to the effect that animals were raised in accordance to the standards of a control program on use of veterinary drugs accepted by the CFIA (refer to sub-section 1.3).

The operators of the slaughter establishments shall be able to differentiate animals which were treated with tetracycline and had the withdrawal period of 21 days in case of pork and 60 days is case of beef and veal from the animals which had the withdrawal period of 60 days in the case of pork and 90 days in the case of beef or veal or were never given a compound of the tetracycline group.

Clear and comprehensive records of each animal shipment must be kept and made available to auditors upon request for a minimum of 2 years from the time animals are marketed.

To verify if the residual levels of tetracyclines in meat products are in compliance with the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union requirements, slaughter facilities shall conduct Charm II Tetracycline Drug Tests (Competitive Assay), any other screening method accepted by CFIA on samples of muscles or send samples to an accredited laboratory based on a carcass sampling plan that ensures that each eligible supplier (producer or production unit) to export meat products to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union is sampled over a period of time. Carcass testing requirements shall be based on the production volume to be exported to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union at the slaughtering establishment. The testing calculation may be the number of carcasses considered eligible for export to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union in the last year, the industry/government forecast for the upcoming year or other acceptable method considered by the CFIA VIC and the operator, multiplied by 0.02% in the case of pork and 0.25% in the case of beef or veal, results in the total number of carcass tests required for the year. The calculations need to be determined at the beginning of the implementation of the program and yearly subsequently.

Operators of slaughter establishments must develop, implement and maintain control programs acceptable to the CFIA VIC for sampling and testing as required in this section and must not use any animals not produced in accordance with the requirements outlined in this section in the production intended for export to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union. The control program shall contain all key elements of a recognized Quality Control Program (e.g. written performance standards, deviation procedures, records, monitoring, verification procedures, annual review, etc.) and must be approved by the CFIA VIC. The control program shall also include segregation procedures that will allow distinguishing at all times between eligible and non-eligible meat when both are present on premises.

The control program must also include the provision to the effect that satisfactory results must be available to the CFIA VIC, when certification is requested for products which are sampled under this program. This control program will be verified by the CFIA under the routine inspection activities. All results shall be immediately shared with the CFIA VIC, and be kept for 2 years for audit purposes, as necessary.

If a sample is found positive for the tetracycline group, a corrective action request (CAR) will be issued and a root cause analysis must be performed by the operator throughout the supply chain for that specific production lot. Findings must be then forwarded to the VIC of the producing slaughter establishment, along with an action plan (action plan to contain corrective and preventive actions). This action plan shall be to the satisfaction of the CFIA VIC. The CFIA will suspend certification procedures to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union for all lots originating from those production barns in the production site under the same management until the operator can provide the satisfactory evidence to the VIC assuring that products presented for export certification are derived from animals raised in accordance with the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union requirements.

1.2. CFIA Verification Testing for Residue of Tetracycline Group, Bacitracin, Chloramphenicol, Streptomycin and Penicillin Group

Each slaughter facility (pork, beef, and veal and poultry) must submit for testing quarterly samples (4) of muscle for analysis of Tetracycline group, Bacitracin, Chloramphenicol, Streptomycin and Penicillin group Residues. Carcasses considered eligible to be exported to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union produced under the present program are subject to randomized testing. The CFIA will select the carcasses to be sampled.

Carcass sampling and shipment of the samples will be performed by the operator under CFIA supervision. The samples shall be sent to an accredited laboratory. Products sampled for testing will not be certified for export until satisfactory results are reported by the laboratory. Products include meat products derived from pigs originating from all barns in the production site under the same management. All laboratory results shall be sent immediately, simultaneously and directly to the plant, the CFIA Veternarian in Charge (VIC) and Export Lab Results. These test results should be kept for 2 years for audit purposes, as necessary.

If a sample is found positive for any of these antibiotics, a CAR will be issued and a root cause analysis must be performed by the operator throughout the supply chain to that specific production lot. Findings must be then forwarded to the veterinarian in charge of the exporting establishment, along with an action plan (action plan to contain corrective and preventive actions). This action plan shall be to the satisfaction of the CFIA VIC. The CFIA will suspend certification procedures for the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union countries for all lots originating from those barns in the production site under the same management until the operator can confirm that products presented for export certification are derived from animals raised in accordance with the Russian Federation/Eurasian Customs Union requirements. In the case of non-compliance for tetracycline group, the operator's follow-up will need to include a review of the on-site control program to ensure that it was implemented as intended.

Note: If a supplier (producer or production-unit) has pigs with more than 60 days and beef and calf with more than 90 days withdrawal periods or is not using veterinary medicines or feed containing the components of the tetracycline group; meat derived from these animals will still be subject to CFIA Verification Testing for Residue of Tetracycline group, Bacitracin, Chloramphenicol, Streptomycin and Penicillin group.

1.3. Control Programs for Use of Veterinary Drugs

For pork, the Canadian Quality Assurance program fulfills this requirement so the statement expected on the Animal Information Document will be to the effect that the pigs were produced in accordance with the standards of the Canadian Quality Assurance program on use of veterinary drugs.

In the case of beef and veal, each producer must implement a control program audited by an independent third party for the use of veterinary drugs at the farm of origin where the animals were raised (e.g.: Verified Beef Production).

In the case of poultry, flock sheets produced as part of on-farm Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP)-consistent programs and received with shipments of live birds are deemed to fulfill this requirement.

2. Microbiological Testing Program

2.1. Industry Microbiological Testing Program

The operators for Canadian establishments producing meat products (slaughter and processors, including establishments that repackage or process meat products) that are eligible for export to Russian Federation/Eurasian Custom Union shall implement testing programs for the presence of generic Salmonella, Total Coliforms, Listeria monocytogenes, yeast (if chilled product is exported) and Total Plate Count in meat produced for export to the Russian Federation/Eurasian Custom Union as indicated in Table 1 of Annex H for the Russian Federation/Eurasian Custom Union.

Operators of producing establishments must develop, implement and maintain control programs acceptable to CFIA Veterinarian in Charge/Inspector-in-Charge for sampling and testing as required in this section. The control program shall contain all key elements of a recognized Quality Control Program (e.g. written performance standards, deviation procedures, records, monitoring, verification procedures, annual review, etc.) and must be approved by the CFIA Veterinarian in Charge/ Inspector-in-Charge. The control program shall also include segregation procedures that will allow distinguishing at all times between eligible and non-eligible meat when both are present on premises.

The control program must also include the provision to the effect that satisfactory results will be available to the CFIA Veterinarian in Charge/Inspector-in-Charge, when certification is requested for products which are sampled under this program. This control program will be verified by the CFIA under the routine inspection activities. All results shall be immediately shared with the CFIA VIC, and be kept for 2 years for audit purposes, as necessary.

Operators of meat establishments must take random representative samples (carrot) and sent to CFIA accredited laboratories to be tested for these microorganisms. The sampling must be performed for every production lot. A production lot means day's production considered eligible to export to Russia. The sample will be collected at the time of packaging. The frequency of testing can be reduced to every second week after receiving satisfactory results for 20 production lots.

Products sampled for testing will not be certified for export until satisfactory results are reported by the laboratory. In the event of positive result the production lot will not be deemed eligible for export and frequency of testing will change to every production lot until satisfactory results are received for next 10 production lots. This will be applicable for Port of Entry (POE) violation notifications for these microorganisms as well. A CAR will be issued and the operator will be requested to investigate the matter and to implement appropriate corrective measures. The CFIA will review the corrective action plan submitted by the operator and verify that it is implemented effectively.

All laboratory results shall be sent immediately, simultaneously and directly to the establishment, the CFIA Veterinarian-in-Charge/Inspector-in-Charge and Export Lab Results.These test results should be kept for 2 years for audit purposes, as necessary.

2.2. CFIA Microbiological Testing Program

Industry's control program will be verified by the CFIA under the routine inspection activities. In addition, once per quarter the CFIA will supervise sample selection and sampling procedures. All other provisions of sub-section 2.1 continue to apply.

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