Final Report Of An Audit Conducted In The United States February 5th, through February 22nd, 2013 Evaluating The Food Safety Systems Governing The Production Of Meat And Poultry Products Intended For Export To Canada
2. Audit Objective, Scope, and Methodology

This page has been archived

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or record-keeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

This was an ongoing equivalence verification audit with special emphasis on:

  1. Inspection and certification of meat and meat products for export to Canada.
  2. Inspection controls in processing and slaughter establishments, including the following specific elements, in United States facilities eligible to manufacture product for export to Canada:
    • E. coli O157:H7 testing and control measures in raw beef manufacturing facilities;
    • Listeria testing and control measures in Ready to Eat (RTE) meat producing facilities;
    • Abattoir programs related to the suitability of animals presented for slaughter (residue and disease status), humane handling, and the control of evisceration and dressing processes in traditional and HACCP based inspection model plants (HIMP);
    • Codex Alimentarius Principles of HACCP implementation;
  3. Government oversight and support activities (e.g. laboratory).

In pursuit of this objective, the CFIA used a risk-based procedure to determine the audit scope, which included an analysis of country performance, production types and volumes, and port-of-entry (POE) testing results.

The CFIA auditors were accompanied throughout the entire audit by representatives from the CCA and representatives from Headquarters and District Offices. Program effectiveness determinations focused on government controls and oversight within five areas of risk: (1) sanitation controls, including the implementation and operation of Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP), (2) animal disease controls, (3) slaughter and processing controls, including the implementation and operation of Hazard Analysis/Critical Control Point (HACCP) programs and a testing program for generic E. coli, (4) laboratory (residue) controls, and (5) enforcement controls, including a government verification testing program for Salmonella spp, Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and species verification.

Administrative functions were reviewed at CCA headquarters, one district office, and twelve (12) local inspection offices at USDA registered establishments, during which the auditors evaluated the implementation of management control systems which ensure inspection, verification, and enforcement were being implemented as intended.

As discussed above, twelve (12) establishments were selected from the list of USDA establishments that are currently exporting meat and poultry products to Canada. During the establishment visits, particular attention was paid to the way government and establishments interact to control hazards and prevent non-compliances that threaten food safety.

Additionally, one microbiology laboratory was audited to verify its ability to provide adequate technical support to the inspection system.

Table 1: Audit Scope Summary
Competent Authority VisitsNumber of sites visitedLocations
Competent Authority: Central Authority 1 Washington DC
Competent Authority: District Office 1 Denver District Office, Denver, CO
Microbiology Laboratories 1 USDA-FSIS Eastern Laboratory, Athens, GA
Bovine Slaughter / Processing Establishments 3 Kansas and Colorado
Swine Slaughter / Processing Establishments 2 Iowa and Pennsylvania
Poultry Slaughter /Processing Establishments 3 Louisiana and Georgia
Meat / Poultry Processing Establishments 4 Missouri, Iowa, Nevada and Pennsylvania
Date modified: