Labelling Requirements for Processed Products

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Table of Contents

Overview

The labelling requirements of the Processed Products Regulations (PPR) that are summarized in this section apply to processed fruit and vegetable products produced in federally registered establishments, as well as to imported processed products. When sold in Canada, these foods are also subject to the labelling requirements under the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (CPLA).

Processed fruit and vegetable products destined for intraprovincial trade are subject to the labelling requirements under the Food and Drugs Act and the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act. These are summarized in the core labelling , claims and statements, and food-specific labelling requirements pages of the Industry Labelling Tool. Provincial regulations may also apply to products sold within that province. 

There are six types of processed products:

  1. Low acid foods in hermetically sealed containers (e.g., canned vegetable products, vegetable soups);
  2. Acidified low acid canned foods (e.g., fermented or acidified pickled products, horseradish, acidified canned vegetables);
  3. Frozen foods (e.g., frozen fruits, frozen vegetables);
  4. Acid foods (e.g., canned fruits, canned tomato products);
  5. Low water activity (AW) foods (e.g., jams, jellies, pie filling, glace fruit); and
  6. Juices and nectars (e.g., fruit juices, vegetable juices, fruit nectars).

The requirements detailed in the following sections are specific to processed fruit and vegetable products. They are in addition to the core labelling and other requirements that apply to all prepackaged foods.

Common Name - Processed Products

Processed fruits and vegetables are subject to the same common name requirements as other prepackaged foods.

Examples:

  • Canned "Apple Juice" is specifically listed in Schedule I, Table I, Item 3, of the PPR. It must be named "apple juice".
  • "Orange Juice" is not specifically listed in the PPR. It falls under the generic standard of identity "fruit juice" in Schedule II, Item 13, of the PPR. Since Section B.11.128 of the FDR has "orange juice" in bold face type, the common name of the food must be declared as "orange juice".
  • Canned "hearts of palm" are not specifically listed in the PPR. The product falls under the generic standard of identity "canned vegetable" in Schedule II, Item 23, of the PPR. The FDR does not have "hearts of palm" as a bold faced name. The common name of the food is therefore the name by which it is generally known, i.e., "hearts of palm".

Net Quantity - Processed Products

Depending on the product, the quantity must be shown by metric volume, metric weight or count, as prescribed in Schedule V, Sections 4 and 5 of the PPR.

When the quantity is given in both metric and imperial units, the metric units should be displayed first and the two must be grouped together, while leaving sufficient space between them to prevent any confusion. [31(f), PPR; 21, 22, CPLR]

Indicating the net quantity in brackets is not permitted. All metric and imperial symbols must not be followed by a period, e.g. "fl.oz." is not acceptable.

Certain products are sold in containers that already indicate a declaration of capacity (e.g., letters molded into glass containers). In most cases this is not clearly displayed, and therefore the net quantity of the product must still be shown on the product label.

When a product offers an extra quantity as a bonus within the same container, the net quantity of product shown on the label must be the total quantity of the product. Example: 500 ml + 250 ml bonus, the net quantity declared on the label must be 750 ml.

Schedule IV of the PPR contains specific requirements for minimum net and drained weights for several processed fruits and vegetables. However, this information does not have to be declared on the label.

The PPR requirements for the location and minimum type height requirements for the net quantity declaration are the same as those in the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations. For more information, refer to Legibility and Net Quantity.  [36, 42, PPR; 4(2), CPLA, 12, 14, CPLR].

Standardized Container Sizes

Some processed fruits and vegetables are subject to standardized container sizes prescribed in Schedule III of the PPR. The tables Regulated Canned Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR) and Regulated Frozen Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR) contain a column called "Standard Containers". This column is divided in four sub-columns:

  • The first two sub-columns specify which tables and sections of the PPR outline the standardized container size for each product.
  • The third column indicates the largest standardized container size (as per Schedule III of the PPR), and;
  • The last column indicates if the product can be packed in a container smaller than the smallest standardized size in Schedule III of the PPR.

When a product is subject to standardized container sizes, the net quantity declared on the label must:

  • Correspond to one of the standardized sizes in Schedule III of the PPR, or;
  • Be larger than the largest standardized container size ("LTL") but, smaller or equal to 20 kg or 20 L, and a multiple of 500 g or 500 ml [Section 25(1), PPR] or
  • Be smaller than the smallest standardized container size, if permitted [Sections 21(2), 25(2) and 25(3), PPR]

When a product is not subject to standardized container sizes, it can be marketed in any format.

Other Required Markings

There are several types of mandatory special label wording that must be indicated on the labels of processed fruits and vegetables. The Table: Other Required Markings for Processed Products summarizes these requirements.

Identity and Principal Place of Business - Processed Products

The label of a processed product must include the full identity and principal place of business of the operator or business taking responsibility for that product [31(a), PPR]. For more information, refer to Identity and Principal Place of Business.

Country of origin - Processed Products

Processed fruit and vegetable products wholly manufacturedFootnote 1 in a country other than Canada

The declaration of the country of origin is mandatory for all imported processed products whether they are sold in their original containers or repackaged in Canada [41(1), PPR]. The country of origin can be declared as part of the identity and principal place of business of the foreign packer (processor) or as a separate declaration, for example:

  • as part of the identity and principal place of business of the foreign packer (processor):
    • "ABC Cannery, Cleveland, Ohio, USA"
    • Manufactured or Packaged by: Mauna Loa Macadamia Nut Corp., Hilo, Hawaii 96720, USA
  • as a separate declaration indicating the country of origin:
    • "Product of USA"

All country names must be written out in full, except for the United States which may be abbreviated to USA as it is recognized worldwide.

Examples:

  • Frozen carrots are imported from Belgium and repackaged in Canada; the packaging operation does not change the nature of the product. Therefore, the label must read: "Product of Belgium"
  • Olives are imported from Spain and repackaged in Canada in their original brine; they remain a "Product of Spain"

For the following situations indicating the country of origin is optional.

  • Products completely prepared in Canada from fruits and vegetables grown and processed in Canada
  • Processed fruit and vegetable products prepared in Canada from imported fruits or vegetables
  • Processed fruit and vegetable products prepared in Canada from a mix of imported and domestic fruits or vegetables

A Canadian packer who wishes to declare its product as being of Canadian origin must be careful to avoid giving misleading information to consumers. For more information on "Product of Canada" and "Made in Canada" declarations, refer to the Guidelines for Product of Canada and Made in Canada claims.

Location

The country of origin may be shown anywhere on the label, except on the bottom of the container [42(2), PPR].

Type Size

When imported processed fruit and vegetable products are prepared for a Canadian importer under their private label, the country of origin must be declared clearly and conspicuously on the label, in lettering [41(2), PPR]:

  • not less than ¼ inch or 6.4 mm high for containers over 10 ounces (> 284 g or > 284 ml);
  • at least ⅛ inch or 3.2 mm for containers 10 ounces and under (≤ 284 g or ≤ 284 ml)

When the country of origin is declared as part of the foreign identity and principal place of business , the minimum height of the letters of the declaration of country of origin is 1/16 inch or 1.6 mm. [41(1), PPR].

Language

The designation of the country of origin must be shown in English and French, (for example "Product of Spain" "Produit d'Espagne" [32, PPR]) unless the country of origin is part of the identity and principal place of business of the foreign company (for example "Company ABC ..., Spain").

Grade Designation for Processed Products

Grades are used in the following conditions [37, 38, PPR]:

  • The product is listed in Schedule I of the PPR:  indicating the grade is either mandatory (for example: "apple juice", "canned peaches") or optional, i.e. at the discretion of the company (for example "tomato paste");
  • The product meets the composition specified by the standard; and
  • The product was manufactured or graded and repackaged in a registered establishment, or is imported and sold in its original container.

Foods subject to grades are also listed in the tables Regulated Canned Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR) and Regulated Frozen Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR).

It is not permitted to indicate a Canadian grade on a product for which the PPR do not prescribe any grade standard [38, PPR].

Grade designations must be shown in English and French on the principal display panel of the label, in a minimum type size specified in Legibility [32, 42, Schedule V, PPR].

Declaration of Grades

Products packed in registered establishments in Canada must indicate a grade beginning with "CANADA". The grade declaration must be in capital letters, as shown in Schedule V of the PPR. The declaration of grades can also be displayed in such a way that the words "FANCY", "CHOICE" or "STANDARD" or the letters "A", "B" or "C" may figure directly under the word "CANADA" rather than next to it. [31(e), 37, Schedule V, PPR]

Examples:

  • Apples from Quebec are processed into apple juice in a registered establishment in Canada. The apple juice must be marked either "CANADA FANCY" or "CANADA CHOICE".
  • Cherries from France imported into Canada in bulk, repackaged and graded in a registered Canadian establishment must be marked either "CANADA FANCY", "CANADA CHOICE" or "CANADA STANDARD".
  • Imported apples from USA are processed into apple sauce in a registered establishment in Canada. The apple sauce will therefore be labelled either "CANADA FANCY" or "CANADA CHOICE".

Products imported and sold in their original container must indicate a grade ending with the word "GRADE" for canned products or beginning with the word "GRADE" for frozen products. The declaration of grades can also be displayed in such a way that the words "FANCY", "CHOICE" or "STANDARD" or the letters "A", "B" or "C" may figure directly under the word "CANADA" rather than next to it.

Grade Declaration
Canned / Hermetically sealed container Frozen
Products packed in a registered establishment (domestic or imported) CANADA FANCY CANADA A
CANADA CHOICE CANADA B
CANADA STANDARD CANADA C
SUBSTANDARD SUBSTANDARD
Imported Products (sold in original container) FANCY GRADE GRADE A
CHOICE GRADE GRADE B
STANDARD GRADE GRADE C

Foreign Grades

A number of countries also have grade standards for foods. Indicating the foreign grade is permitted on the label of the imported product when it is sold in its original container. This practice is permitted even when Canada does not prescribe a grade for the product in question. The indication of the foreign grade must, however, clearly identify the country that prescribed the standard. Furthermore, the indication must not lead to confusion with Canadian grades.

Example:

"Mandarin Oranges from Morocco". Morocco has grade standards for this product. It is permitted to indicate "Morocco #1" on the label, even if no grade standard is prescribed for this product in Canada. However, the indication "Grade #1" would not be permitted since consumers might believe that the product meets Canadian grade standards when there are none. It is also possible to indicate, on the same label, grades of various countries, for example; "USA Grade A - Spain #1".

Size Grading of Vegetables

The following vegetables shall be graded by size, to indicate the size of the vegetable [31(g), 40, PPR]:

  • Asparagus (tips or spears) - canned or frozen
  • Beans (green or wax) - canned or frozen
  • Cut carrots - (cut carrots - baby whole style, cut carrots - whole style, whole baby carrots, whole carrots) – frozen
  • Lima beans - canned or frozen
  • Peas - canned or frozen
  • Potatoes (whole, white) - canned or frozen
  • Brussels Sprouts - frozen: in this case, the size grading is optional

Declaration of Size Grading

The declaration of size grading of vegetables must be declared on the label as follows:

  • The number designation or the word designation as prescribed in Schedule VI of the PPR;
  • When the product contains two or more sizes, the description "ASSORTED SIZES" or "MIXED SIZES" must be used; or
  • When the product is not graded by size, the label must state "UNGRADED AS TO SIZE" (does not apply to brussels sprouts) [40(1)c), PPR]

The words "whole carrot" and "cut carrots-whole style" have the same meaning as in Schedule I, Table II. [40(2), PPR]

Size grading declarations must be shown in English and French, in letters of at least 1.6 mm high based on the lower-case letter "o", on any label panel, except the bottom of the container [32, 36(1), 42(2), PPR].

Registration Number

When the product has been packed in Canada, the registration number of the establishment (where the product was prepared) or its identifying mark must be shown:

  • on the label or embossed on the container, when the identity and principal place of business of the responsible party are those of the distributor or the first dealer [33, PPR]
  • on the label of all shipping containers [46(e), PPR]

The registration number assigned to an establishment cannot be applied to a product prepared or packaged in another establishment [47, PPR].

Products imported and sold in their original container do not carry a registration number since they were not prepared or packaged in an establishment registered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

There are no objections the declaration of a registration number on a label of a product not covered under the PPR, but prepared in a registered establishment.

The registration number may be shown anywhere on the label, except the bottom of the container, in a minimum type height of 1.6 mm. However, it is recommended that the registration number be shown near the identity and principal place of business of the responsible party [36(1), 42, 46, PPR].

Production Code

Each hermetically sealed container of fruit and vegetable products, for which a grade is established in the regulation, must be identified with a code. This code can be embossed or marked with indelible ink on the container and must permit the identification of the following: [31(aa), PPR]

  • The establishment where the product was thermally processed;
  • The date of manufacture (day, month and year or day and year depending on the type of code used).

Each hermetically sealed container of low-acid food must be identified with a code. This code can be embossed or marked with indelible ink on the container and must permit identification of the following:

  • The establishment where the product was thermally processed;
  • The food product;
  • The date of manufacture (day, month and year or day and year depending on the type of code used); [30.3(d), PPR]

A low-acid food product is a product whose components has a pH greater than 4.6 and a water activity (AW) greater than 0.85, after thermal processing [2(1) PPR; B.27.001].

Notwithstanding these regulatory requirements, it should be noted that in order to ensure an effective recall procedure, it is strongly recommended that a code be identified on all products and shipping containers.

Legibility

All declarations required by the PPR must be in a minimum type height of 1.6 mm, except for the grade and the numerals of the net quantity declaration, which must be in a type height based on the principal display surface, shown in the following table [36, Schedule V, PPR]:
PDS of the Packaging - square centimetres PDS of the Packaging - square inches Minimum Height for Numerals and Grade - millimetres Minimum Height for Numerals and Grade - Inches
≤ 32 ≤ 5 1.6 1/16
> 32 to ≤ 258 > 5 to ≤ 40 3.2
> 258 to ≤ 645 > 40 to ≤ 100 6.4 ¼
> 645 to ≤ 2580 > 100 to ≤ 400 9.5
> 2580 > 400 12.7 ½

Shipping Containers - Processed Products

The table Summary of Labelling Requirements for Shipping Containers provides information on the labelling of shipping containers of processed fruit and vegetable products.

For general requirements related to shipping containers (that apply to all foods packaged in this way), refer to Shipping Containers.

Test Markets

Regulated processed fruit and vegetable products that are in compliance with the requirements for all foods prescribed under the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) and Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (CPLA), but are not compliant with certain requirements prescribed in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR) may be eligible for a Test Market Authorization under the PPR. Additional information can be found in Test Marketing and other Authorizations.

If a food's composition is not compliant with the FDR, such as food additive use that is not provided for, a manufacturer or importer must file a food additive submission with Health Canada prior to the sale of the product. See Health Canada's Guide for the Preparation of Submissions on Food Additives for more information.

Voluntary Claims and Statements

Health Claims

Some processed products with fruits and/or vegetables carry the following disease risk reduction claim: "A healthy diet rich in a variety of vegetables and fruits may help reduce the risk of some types of cancer". See Acceptable Disease Risk Reduction Claims and Therapeutic Claims for more information, including eligible foods.

Reference Information

Table: Other Required Markings for Processed Products

Prepackaged – Domestic, Import and Export
Requirements Products Height of Letters Location Preferences (PPR)
"Brand / Marque" When the brand name refers to a geographic name or some other descriptive name N/A minimum 1.6 mm above the trade name 31.c and 42(2)
"contents – percent slack filled" or "contents – percent short weight" if the container is slack filled or contains less than the minimum net and drained weight prescribed by these Regulations N/A minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.w and 42(2)
"cream style", "vacuum pack", "brine pack", "packed in brine" or "packed in liquid" Canned corn minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.t and 42(2)
"freestone" or "clingstone" Canned peaches minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.nn and 42(2)
"keep frozen" canned low-acid food which must be kept continuously frozen minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 30.1(2)(b) and 42(2)
"keep refrigerated" Non-Hermetically Sealed Apple Juice From Concentrate With Added Sodium Benzoate
Non-Hermetically Sealed Grape Juice From Concentrate With Added Sodium Benzoate and sauerkraut with preservative
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom Schedule I 5(1)e, Schedule II 16(k)
31.pp, 31.oo, 42(2)
"Seville", "bitter" or "extra bitter" orange marmalade minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.p and 42(2)
"sparkling" or "carbonated" apple juice and grape juice (juice or from concentrate) to which carbon dioxide has been added minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.rr and 42(2)
"solid pack", "heavy pack" "solid pack" if the product is a solid pack which contains little or no free liquid "heavy pack" if the product is canned so as to contain the maximum drained weight that processing will permit pie fruits, sliced apples, pumpkin minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.h, 31.l, 42(2), Schedule I 2(1),
Schedule II 22, Schedule I 46(2)
"in water" for products packed in water minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.j
"....% sugar, invert sugar, dextrose or glucose added" frozen fruits packed in sweetening ingredients (Schedule IV, Table IV) minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 35(2) and 42(2)
"sweetened" sweetened frozen concentrated orange juice same as the words "concentrated orange juice " any surface except the bottom 31.ss and 42(2)
"tips removed" or "without tips" Canada Choice Grade asparagus without tips minimum 1.6 mm under the product name 31.s and 42(1)
Variety of fruit or vegetable: If named on the label, it must be true and correct N/A minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.d and 42(2)
optional
"extra heavy syrup" or "extra heavy fruit juice syrup";
"heavy syrup" or "heavy fruit juice syrup"; "light syrup" or "light fruit juice syrup" "slightly sweetened water or
slightly sweetened fruit juice" "packed in (name of fruit(s)) juice" or "Packed in (name of fruit(s)) juice from concentrate"
fruits listed in Table III of PPR Schedule IV minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 35(1), 42(2) and Schedule IV
"Vitaminized" or "vitamin C added" 31, PPR: " ...every food product shall be labelled with: (u) the words "Vitaminized" or "Vitamin C Added" if the product is apple juice to which ascorbic acid has been added to increase the Vitamin C content; (v) the words "Vitaminized" or "Vitamin C added" if the product is mixed vegetable juices, prune nectar, apricot nectar, grape juice or grape juice from concentrate to which ascorbic acid has been added to increase the Vitamin C content" When Vitamin C has been added, the vitamin levels specified for the product must be followed: apple juice: minimum 35 mg/100 mL and maximum 60 mg/114 mL grape juice: minimum 18 mg/100 mL and maximum 60 mg/ 114 mL
the nectars must meet the standards set out in the Food and Drug Regulations, i.e. minimum 20 mg/114 mL and maximum 60 mg/114 mL).
(D.01.009 to D.01.011)
prune nectar apricot nectar, mixed vegetable juices, apple juice, grape juice, grape juice from concentrate minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.u, 31.v, 42(2), Schedule I 3(2)g, Schedule II 14(1)(l), Schedule II 15(k), Schedule II 16(j), Schedule II 40, Schedule II 41
"a water extract of dried prunes" prune nectar minimum 1.6 mm following the product name 31.mm and 42(1)
"whole", "cut", "whole vertical pack", "asparagus style" or "shoestring" green beans or wax beans canned or frozen minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.r and 42(2)
"wild" or "cultivated" and "individually quick frozen (I.Q.F.) " or "non-free flowing" frozen blueberries minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom 31.qq and 42(2)
"with pectin" jam, jelly, marmalade minimum ⅛ inch height for containers >10 ounces minimum 3/32 inch containers 10 ounces under the product name 31.0 and 42(1)

Regulated Canned Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR)

Canned Food Product Grade
Sch. I
Table I
Section #
Standard of Identity
Sch. II
Section #
Standard Container Sizes
Sch. III
Table I
Section #
Standard Container Sizes
Sch. III
Table III
Section #
Standard Container Sizes
Sch. III Largest Container Prescribed
Standard Container Sizes
Sch. III
Can be packed in smaller than smallest container size
Drained Weights
Sch. IV
Table I
Section #
% Soluble Solids
Sch. IV
Table III
Section #
Size Grading
Sch. VI
Table #
Apples (sliced) 2 1 2.84 L No A-1 1(14)
Apple Juice 3 3 L Yes
Apple Juice - Concentrated 4
Apple Juice from Concentrate 5 3 L Yes
Apple Sauce 6 1 2.84 L No A-2
Apricot (whole or halves) 7 1 2.84 L No A-3 1(1)
Apricot Nectar 40
Asparagus (tips or spears) 8 4 2.84 L No C-1 IV
Asparagus (cuts or cuttings) 9 4 2.84 L No C-1
Beans (Green or Wax with/without seasoning) 10 2 2.84 L No B-1 I
Beans, Vegetarian Beans 29 1 2.84 L No B-3
 Beans (Lima) 11 2 2.84 L No B-2 III
Beans (Lima): Ripe, Dried Soaked, Dry, Cooked Dry 31
Bean Sprouts 27 10 2.84 L No B-5
Beans with Pork, Beans with Pork and Tomato Sauce 28 1 2.84 L No B-4
Beets (whole) 12 2 2.84 L No B-6
Beets (sliced) 13 2 2.84 L No B-6
Beets (diced or cubed) 14 2 2.84 L No B-6
Beets (cut or quartered) 15 2 2.84 L No B-6
Beets (julienne or shoestrings) 16 2 2.84 L No B-6
Blackberries 11Table Note 2 A-4 1(2)
Blueberries 18 1 2.84 L No A-5 1(15)
Boysenberries 11Table Note 2 A-4 1(3)
Cantaloupe, Melons 11Table Note 2 2(1)
Carrots (whole) 20 2 2.84 L No B-7
 Carrots (sliced) 21 2 2.84 L No B-7
Carrots (diced or cubed) 22 2 2.84 L No B-7
Carrots (julienne or shoestring) 23 2 2.84 L No B-7
Cherries (Red Sour Pitted) 24 1 2.84 L No A-6 1(4)
 Cherries (Sweet) 25 1 2.84 L No A-7 1(16)
Cherries (Maraschino, Creme de Menthe or Cocktail) 26 10 L No A-8 3(1)
Chutneys 38 17 L Yes
Corn (whole or cut kernel, with or without seasoning) 27 2 2.84 L No B-8
Corn (whole kernel) vacuum packed 27 5 2.13 L No
Corn (cream style) 28 -
Corn on the Cob 29
Corn: Hominy 32 B-8
Crab Apples 11Table Note 2 A-1 1(5)
Cranberry Jelly, Jellied Cranberry 9
Cranberries, Cranberry Sauce 10
Fruit Cocktail 30 1 2.84 L No A-9 2(2)
Fruits for Salad 31 1 2.84 L No A-10 2(4)
Fruit Salad 32 1 2.84 L No A-10 2(3)
Fruits (Other) - 11
Fruit Juices (Other) - 13 8 L Yes
Fruit Peel, Cut Mixed Peel 19 12 450 g No
Glace Fruit, Cut Mixed Fruit 18 12 450 g No
Gooseberries 11Table Note 2 A-11 1(7)
Grape Juice 14 16 L Yes
Grape Juice Concentrate, Concentrated Grape Juice 15 16 L Yes
Grape Juice from Concentrate 16 16 L Yes
Grapefruit Sections 11Table Note 2 7 2.84 L No A-12 1(18)
Grapefruit and Orange Sections 11Table Note 2 7 2.84 L No A-13
Horseradish Sauce, Creamed Horseradish 20 L Yes
Infant Food and Junior Food 2 213 mL No
Jams 2 14 L Yes
Jellies 3 14 L Yes
Lawton berries 11Table Note 2 A-14 1(8)
Loganberries 11Table Note 2 A-14 1(9)
Marmalade – Citrus 4 14 L Yes
Mincemeat, Fruit Mince 20
 Mushrooms (whole, button, sliced button, sliced) 35 7 2.84 L No B-11
Mushrooms (stems and pieces) 34 9 2.84 L No B-11
Mushroom - Creamed: (whole sliced or chopped) 35 9 2.84 L No
Olives (green) 36 18 L Yes
Olives (black, ripe, California ripe) 36
Onions 37 B-12
Oranges (mandarin) 11Table Note 2 15 2.42 L No 2(8)
Orange Sections – Canned 11Table Note 2 7 2.84 L No
Peaches (whole, halved, sliced, diced or quartered) 36 1 2.84 L No A-15 2(5)
Peach Nectar 40.1
Pears (whole, halved, sliced, diced or quartered) 37 1 2.84 L No A-16 2(6)
Pear Nectar 40.1
Peas 39 2 2.84 L No B-13 II
Peas: Ripe, Dried Soaked, Dry, Cooked Dry 30 B-14
Peas & Carrots (or Carrots & Peas) 40 2 2.84 L No B-15
Pickles 38 17 L Yes
Pie Fillers,  Pie Filling 21 11 2.84 L No
Pie Fruits (Solid Pack or Heavy Pack) 22 11 2.84 L No A-1 to
A-20
 Pineapple 11 6 2.84 L No E-1 2(7)
Plums, Prune Plums 38 1 2.84 L No A-18 1(17)
Potatoes - White (whole) 41 2 2.84 L No B-16 V
Potatoes - White (sliced) 42 2 2.84 L No B-16
 Potatoes - White (diced or cubed) 43 2 2.84 L No B-16
Potatoes - White (julienne, shoestring, regular cut, or  crinkle cut) 44 2 2.84 L No B-16
Potatoes - Sweet (cut) 45 11 2.84 L No D-1 2(9)
Potatoes - Sweet (whole) 45 12 597 mL No D-1 2(9)
Preserves (conserves) 6 14 L Yes
Prune Nectar 41
Pumpkin 46 2 2.84 L No
Raspberries 11Table Note 2 A-19 1(10)
Relishes 38 17 L Yes
Rhubarb 11Table Note 2 A-20 1(11)
Sauerkraut 48 B-18
Sauerkraut with Preservative 42 19 2.84 L No
Spaghetti in Tomato Sauce 5 2.84 L No
Spinach 50 2 2.84 L No F-1
Squash 47 2 2.84 L No B-17
Strawberries 19 1 2.84 L No A-21 1(12)
 Thimbleberries 11Table Note 2 1(13)
Tomatoes (whole, whole and pieces, wedges, sliced,
diced or chopped)
52 2 2.84 L No B-22
Tomatoes – Stewed 53 2 2.84 L No
Tomato Juice 54 3 L Yes
Tomato Juice - Concentrated 55 9 3.58 L No
Tomato Catsup (optional grade) 60 13 1.5 L No
Tomato Chili Sauce (optional grade) 61
Tomato Paste, Concentrated Tomato Paste (optional grade) 59 8 3.58 L No
Tomato Pulp (optional grade) 58 9 3.58 L No
Tomato Puree (optional grade) 57 9 3.58 L No
 Vegetable for Chop Suey 27 10 2.84 L No B-23
Vegetables - Leafy Greens (other than Spinach) 23Table Note 3 B-9
Vegetables - Mixed Macedoine (optional grade) 33 2 2.84 L No B-10
Vegetables with - Sauce, Butter, Butter Sauce, Cheese Sauce or Tomato Sauce 24
Vegetables (Other) 23
Vegetable Juices (Other) 26
Vegetable Soups, Condensed 3 2.84 L No
Vegetable Soups, Ready-to-Serve 4 2.84 L No

Table Notes

Table note 2

Generic standard of identity for canned fruits

Return to table note 2  referrer

Table Note 3

Generic Standard of identity for canned vegetables

Return to table note 3  referrer

Regulated Frozen Products Found in the Processed Products Regulations (PPR)

Frozen Food Product Grade
Sch. I
Table II
Section #
Standard of Identity
Sch. II
Section #
Standard Container Sizes
Sch. III
Table II
Section #
Standard Container Sizes
 Sch.III
Largest Container Prescribed
Standard Container Sizes  
Sch. III
Can be packed in smaller than smallest container size
% Soluble Solids
Sch. IV
Table III
Section #
%Sweet ingredient
Sch. IV
Table IV
Section #
Size Grading
Sch. VI
Table #
Frozen Apples (sliced) 3 1 & 2 kg No 1(14)
Frozen Apple Juice - Concentrated 4 11 1.36 L No
Frozen Apricots 5 1 & 2 kg No 1(1)
Frozen Asparagus (tips or spears) 6 7 kg Yes IV
Frozen Asparagus (cuts or cuttings) 7 7 kg Yes
Frozen Beans (Green or Wax) 8 7 kg Yes I
Frozen Beans (Lima) 9 3 kg Yes III
Frozen Blackberries 12Table Note 4 1(2) 8
Frozen Blueberries 11 1 & 2 kg No 1(15) 5
Frozen Boysenberries 12Table Note 4 1(3) 6
Frozen Broccoli (spears, cut or chopped) 14 7 kg Yes
Frozen Brussel Sprouts 15 7 kg Yes VI
Frozen Cantaloupe, Melons 12Table Note 4 2(1)
Frozen Carrots (cut carrots-baby whole style, cut carrots- whole style, whole style baby carrots, whole carrots) 16 5 kg Yes VII
Frozen carrots (diced or sliced) 16 5 kg Yes
Frozen Cauliflower 17 7 kg Yes
Frozen Cherries (Red Sour Pitted) 18 1 & 2 kg No 1(4) 1 & 12
Frozen Cherries (Sweet) 19 1 & 2 kg No 1(16) 2
Frozen Corn - Whole Kernel (whole grain) 20 3 kg Yes
Frozen Corn on the Cob 22 10 No
Frozen Crab Apples 12Table Note 4 1(5)
Frozen French Fried Potatoes (* from white potatoes)
(straight cut or regular cut, shoestring or julienne, crinkle cut, crinkle cut shoestring or crinkle cut julienne)
 31 9 20 kg Yes
Frozen Fruit Cocktail 23 1 & 2 kg No 2(2)
Frozen Fruit for Salad 24 1 & 2 kg No 2(4)
Frozen Fruit Salad 25 1 & 2 kg No 2(3)
Frozen Fruits (Other) 12
Frozen Gooseberries 12Table Note 4 1(7)
Frozen Grapefruit 12Table Note 4 1(18)
Frozen Lawton berries 12Table Note 4 1(8)
Frozen Loganberries 12Table Note 4 1(9) 7
Frozen Mandarin Oranges 12Table Note 4 2(8)
Frozen Mushrooms (whole, sliced, diced, chopped,
stems and pieces or pieces and stems)
33
Frozen Onions 37
Frozen Orange Juice - Frozen Concentrated 27.2
Frozen Orange Juice - Sweetened Frozen Concentrated 44
Frozen Peaches (halved, sliced, diced or quartered) 28 1 & 2 kg No 2(5) 10
Frozen Pears 12Table Note 4 2(6)
Frozen Peas 29 3 kg Yes II
Frozen Peas – Snow 25Table Note 5
Frozen Peas and Carrots (diced, sliced or whole) 30 5 kg Yes
Frozen Pineapple 12Table Note 4 2(7)
Frozen Plums, Prune Plums 12Table Note 4 1(17)
Frozen Potatoes, Sweet 25Table Note 5 2(9)
Frozen Potatoes (whole white) 25Table Note 5 V
Frozen Raspberries 12Table Note 4 1(10) 4
Frozen Rhubarb (cut) 34 1 & 2 kg No 1(11) 9
Frozen Spinach (whole leaf, cut or chopped) 35 4 kg Yes
Frozen Squash – Cooked 32 8 kg Yes
Frozen Squash - Uncooked (diced or cubed) 33 8 kg Yes
Frozen Strawberries (whole) 12 1 & 2 kg No 1(12) 3
Frozen Strawberries (sliced) 13 1 & 2 kg No 1(12) 3
Frozen Thimbleberries 12Table Note 4 1(13)
Frozen Vegetables 27 5 kg Yes
Frozen Vegetables: Special Blends of Frozen Vegetables 27.1 6 kg Yes
Frozen Vegetables (Other) 25

Table Notes

Table note 4

Generic standard of identity for frozen fruits

Return to table note 4  referrer

Table note 5

Generic standard of identity for frozen vegetables

Return to table note 5  referrer

Summary of Labelling Requirements for Shipping Containers

Processed Fruits and Vegetables - Shipping Containers - Domestic, Import and Export
Requirements Height of Letters Location Language Preferences (PPR)
Common Name
The product name must be as prescribed by the standard
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except on the bottom English or French 46(a) mandatory
Grade
As indicated on the labels of the containers
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except on the bottom English or French 46(c) mandatory
Number and Size of the Containers minimum 1.6 mm any surface except on the bottom N/A 46(d) mandatory
Label Wording:
"Keep refrigerated"
Canned low-acid food which must be kept continuously refrigerated
minimum 1.6 mm on the main panel English or French 30.1(2)(a), B.27.002(2)(a) FDR
Label Wording:
"Keep frozen"
Canned low-acid food which must be kept continuously frozen
minimum 1.6 mm on the main panel English or French 30.1(2)(b), B.27.002(2)(b) FDR
Registration Number
The number must be the number of the establishment where the product was packaged
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except on the bottom N/A 46(e) mandatory if Canadian product
Country of Origin
Imported product: "Product of..." or the country of origin is part of the identity and principal place of business of the foreign dealer
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except on the bottom English or French 41 mandatory if imported product
Identity and Principal Place of Business

Domestic product:

  1. identity and principal place of business of the manufacturer; or
  2. identity and principal place of business of the first dealer preceded by: "prepared for", "distributed by "

Imported product (while following the criteria set out above for the country of origin):

  1. identity and principal place of business of the manufacturer;
  2. identity and principal place of business of the first dealer; or
  3. identity and principal place of business of the Canadian importer preceded by: "prepared for" ", "distributed by", "imported by"" or grouped with the declaration of country of origin
minimum 1.6 mm any surface except the bottom English or French 46(b) mandatory

For general requirements related to shipping containers (that apply to all foods packaged in this way), refer to Shipping Containers.

Additional Information

Information Letters/Policy Updates

Composition and Labelling of Pomegranate Juice to Ensure Compliance with Canadian Requirements

Guidelines

Guidelines on Beverages or Beverage Mixes Identified with Name of a Fruit

Decisions

Juice and Juice Products

Definitions

Acidified low-acid food product

A food product that has been treated by pickling or fermentation so as to attain an equilibrium pH of 4.6 or lower after heat processing; (produit alimentaire peu acide à pH réduit) [2, PPR]

Brine pack

A pack in which a water and salt solution is used as the packing media with or without the addition of sugar; (conservé dans la saumure) [2, PPR]

Commercial sterility

The condition of a food product that is free from viable forms of microorganisms, including spores, capable of growing in the food product above a temperature of 4°C; (stérilité commerciale) [2, PPR]

Container

The package in which a food product is offered for sale; (contenant) [2, PPR]

Grade name

A prescribed name, mark or designation of a category and includes a standard prescribed for an agricultural product [2, Canada Agricultural Products Act (CAPA)]

Heavy Pack

A pack in which a minimum amount of water required for proper processing is used as the packing media; (conserve épaisse) [2, PPR]

Hermetically sealed container

A container that is designed and intended to be secure against the entry of microorganisms including spores; (contenant hermétiquement scellé) [2, PPR].

Label

Any printed, stenciled, lithographed or embossed label, sticker, seal, wrapper, stencil or receptacle; (étiquette) [2, PPR]

Prepackaged product

Any product that is packaged in a container in such a manner that it is ordinarily sold to or used or purchased by a consumer without being re-packaged; (produit préemballé) [2, PPR]

Processed

In respect of a food product, canned, cooked, frozen, concentrated, pickled or otherwise prepared to assure preservation of the food product in transport, distribution and storage, but does not include the final cooking or preparation of a food product for use as a meal or part of a meal such as may be done by restaurants, hospitals, food centres, catering establishments, central kitchens or similar establishments where food products are prepared for consumption rather than for extended preservation; (transformé) [2, PPR]

Registered establishment

An establishment that is registered pursuant to subsection 11(1); (établissement agréé) [2, PPR]

Registration number

A unique registration number is assigned to establishments registered with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Products regulated by the PPR and marketed in interprovincial trade, export trade or marked with a Canadian grade must be prepared in a registered establishment.

Shipping container

A receptacle, package or wrapper in which containers of food products are placed for transportation; (contenant d'expédition) [2, PPR]

Solid pack

A pack in which the fruit or vegetable has been partially or wholly precooked before processing so as to allow the product to pack closely with the minimum amount of free liquid; (conserve compacte) [2, PPR]

Syrup pack

A pack in which sugar, invert sugar, honey, dextrose or glucose, in dry or liquid form, is used with water as the packing media; (conservé dans le sirop) [2, PPR]

Vacuum pack

A pack in which a minimum amount of packing media is used and the vacuum in the can is created mechanically; (conservé sous vide) [2, PPR]

Water Pack

A pack in which water is used as the packing media. (conservé dans l'eau) [2, PPR]

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