Table of Contents
- Foods to Which Vitamins, Mineral Nutrients and Amino Acids May or Must be Added [D.03.002, FDR]
- Nutrient Content Claim Examples
Foods to Which Vitamins, Mineral Nutrients and Amino Acids May or Must be Added [D.03.002, FDR]
Note: In the second column of this table, "mandatory" refers to nutrients that must be present in the food at levels specified in the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR). For some mandatory requirements, nutrients may not have to be added to achieve the levels identified in the regulations. "Voluntary" refers to nutrients that may be added to the products listed, also subject to levels specified in the FDR. The third column, "FDR Reference", refers to the sections of the Regulations where nutrient levels and other specific requirements are found.
Vitamin, Mineral Nutrient or Amino Acid
|1. Breakfast cereals||Voluntary: Thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, pantothenic acid, magnesium, iron, zinc||B.13.060|
|2. Fruit nectars, vegetable drinks, bases and mixes for vegetable drinks and a mixture of vegetable juices||Voluntary: Vitamin C||B.11.134
|2.1 Fruit-flavoured drinks that meet all the requirements of B.11.150, FDR||Mandatory: Vitamin C
Voluntary: Folic acid, thiamine, iron, potassium
|2.2 Bases, concentrates and mixes that are used for making fruit-flavoured drinks and meet all the requirements of B.11.151, FDR||Mandatory: Vitamin C
Voluntary: Folic acid, thiamine, iron, potassium
|3. Infant cereal products||Voluntary: Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iodine||D.01.010
|4. Margarine||Mandatory: Vitamin A, vitamin D
|Other similar substitutes for butter||Voluntary: Vitamin A, vitamin D, alpha-tocopherol||D.01.009
|5. Alimentary pastes||Voluntary: Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, folic acid, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, iron, magnesium||B.13.052 (1)|
|"Enriched" alimentary pastes||Mandatory: Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, iron
Voluntary: Pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, magnesium
|6. Infant formulas and formulated liquid diets||Vitamins - Alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K
Minerals - calcium, chloride, copper, chromium, iodide, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc;
Amino Acids - alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, cystine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, hydroxyproline, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, taurine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine (to improve the quality of the protein)
Also - other nutritional substances at the same levels found in human milk (for infant formula)
|6.1 Food represented for use in a very low-energy diet||Mandatory: Vitamins - Alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin K
Minerals - Calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc
|7. Flavoured beverage mixes and bases recommended for addition to milk||Voluntary: Vitamin A, thiamine, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin C, iron||D.01.009 to
|8. Simulated meat products, simulated poultry meat products, meat product extenders and poultry product extenders||Mandatory: Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin B12, iron, magnesium, potassium, zinc, copper
Amino Acids - Histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine
|9. Meal replacements and nutritional supplements||Mandatory: Vitamins -- alpha-tocopherol, biotin, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D
Minerals -- calcium, chloride, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc
|9.1 Ready breakfast, instant breakfast and other similar breakfast replacement foods however described||Mandatory: Vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin C, iron||B.01.053
|10. Milk, milk powder, sterilized milk, (naming the flavour) milk||Mandatory: Vitamin D||B.08.003
|Condensed milk||Voluntary: Vitamin D||B.08.009
|11. Skim milk with added milk solids, partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) skim milk, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk, (naming the flavour) skim milk with added milk solids, (naming the flavour) partly skimmed milk with added milk solids, skim milk, partly skimmed milk, skim milk powder||Mandatory: Vitamin A, vitamin D||B.08.004
|12. Evaporated milk||Mandatory: Vitamin C, vitamin D||B.08.010|
|13. Evaporated skim milk, concentrated skim milk, evaporated partly skim milk, concentrated partly skimmed milk||Mandatory: Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D||B.08.011
|14. Apple juice, reconstituted apple juice, grape juice, reconstituted grape juice, pineapple juice, reconstituted pineapple juice, apple and (naming the fruit) juice as described in B.11.132, concentrated fruit juice except frozen concentrated orange juice||Voluntary: Vitamin C||B.11.123
|15. Flour, white flour, enriched flour or enriched white flour||Mandatory: Thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, iron
Voluntary: Vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, calcium, magnesium
|17. Table salt, table salt substitutes||Mandatory: Iodine||B.17.003|
|18. Dehydrated potatoes||Voluntary: Vitamin C||D.01.009
|19. Products simulating whole egg||Mandatory: Vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin or niacinamide, vitamin B6, d-pantothenic acid, folic acid, vitamin B12, alpha-tocopherol, calcium, iron, zinc, potassium||B.22.032
|21. Goat's milk, goat's milk powder||Voluntary: Vitamin D||B.08.029 (1)|
|22. Partly skimmed goat's milk, skimmed goat's milk, partly skimmed goat's milk powder, skimmed goat's milk powder||Voluntary: Vitamins A and D||B.08.029 (2)|
|23. Evaporated goat's milk||Voluntary: Vitamins C, D, folic acid||B.08.029 (3)|
|24. Evaporated partly skimmed goat's milk, evaporated skimmed goat's milk||Voluntary: Vitamins A, C, D, folic acid||B.08.029 (4)|
|25. Pre-cooked rice as defined in B.13.010.1(1), FDR||Voluntary: Thiamine, niacin, vitamin B6, folic acid, pantothenic acid, iron||B.13.010 (1)|
|26. Mineral water, spring water, water in sealed containers, prepackaged ice||Voluntary: Fluorine||B.12.001
|27. Liquid whole egg, dried whole egg, frozen whole egg, liquid yolk, dried yolk, frozen yolk, liquid egg white (liquid albumen), dried egg white (dried albumen), liquid whole egg mix, dried whole egg mix, frozen whole egg mix, liquid yolk mix, dried yolk mix, frozen yolk mix||Mandatory if there is a reduction in the vitamin and/or mineral content: Vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folacin, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc||B.22.038|
In addition, Interim Marketing Authorizations (IMA) have been issued by Health Canada to permit the addition of vitamins and minerals to certain foods. The IMA process bridges the time between the completion of the scientific evaluation supporting certain amendments (e.g., expansion of the list of foods to which certain vitamins and mineral nutrients may be added) and publication of the approved amendments in the Canada Gazette, Part II. The criteria that must be met in order to request an IMA are set out in B.01.056 of the FDR.
Nutrient Content Claim Examples
Nutrient Content Claim Examples – Fat Claims
Example - "Low in Fat"
A package of mini muffins carries the claim "Low in Fat". The muffins contain 2 g of fat per 25 g serving. Is the claim permissible?
Row b) of the Summary Table of Fat Claims states the conditions for "Low in Fat" claims.
Condition: The food must contain 3 g or less of fat per reference amount (in this case, 55 g as per Schedule M of the FDR) and serving of stated size (in this case, 25 g) and, if the reference amount is 30 g or 30 mL or less, per 50 g.
The muffins meet the claim requirement for serving size, but they must also meet the requirement for reference amount for the claim to be permissible.
To calculate the fat per reference amount of 55 g:
x = 4.4 g fat in the reference amount.
Therefore, the food does not meet the condition for the claim.
Example - "% Fat-Free"
A label states that an uncooked pork sausage with a serving size of 75 g is 95% fat-free. Is the claim acceptable?
In order to make a % fat-free claim, the food must first meet the conditions for "low fat" (3 g or less of fat per serving and per reference amount). At 5% fat (i.e. 95% fat-free), the sausage contains: 0.05 x 75 g = 3.75 g of fat per serving and per reference amount. The claim is therefore not acceptable.
Example - "% less fat" (comparative claim)
The following statement appears on the label of a package of chicken breakfast strips: "84% less fat in 30 g vs. 54 g of our regular bacon". The chicken breakfast strips contain 3.5 g of fat per 30 g and the regular bacon contains 22 g of fat per 54 g. Is it acceptable?
The reference amount for uncooked bacon is 54 g (item 87 of Schedule M, FDR) while that of uncooked chicken breakfast strips is 30 g (item 88 of Schedule M, FDR). The percent reduction is calculated using the difference in the nutrient (fat) content found in the reference amounts of each food.
Therefore, the claim is acceptable.
Nutrient Content Claim Example – Fibre Claims
Example – High source of fibre
The following claim appears on a box of 6 muffins: "High source of wheat bran and oat bran". Each muffin contains 1.5 g of fibre from wheat bran and 3.5 g of fibre from oat bran per serving of 55 g. The reference amount is also 55 g. Is the claim acceptable?
The claim is not acceptable since there must be at least 4g of fibre from wheat and oat independently. The claim "high source of fibre" could be made instead since there is more than 4 g of fibre (total) per serving and per reference amount.
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