Dairy Import Activities
Appendix 17 Import for Re-Export Program (IREP) Policy

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Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Policy Concerning United States of America (US) Bulk Milk/Cream Used to Manufacture Canadian Dairy Products that are for Export

The following requirements will apply to Canadian Dairy Processors wishing to import milk/cream into Canada to be processed and subsequently re-exported from Canada. Only CFIA federally registered establishments are eligible to export dairy products.

  1. Raw milk/cream coming from the USA must be from a USFDA recognized Bulk Tank Unit (BTU) and be listed in good standing on the National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments(NCIMS) and meet Canadian Animal Health import requirements.
  2. Interstate milk shippers reports along with relevant laboratory test results must be made available upon request for assessment by CFIA staff.
  3. All bulk milk/cream haulers/graders must be licensed and in good standing with the licensing authority. Furthermore, individual farm samples must be made available for testing upon request of a Canadian regulatory authority.
  4. The raw milk/cream must meet the requirements as set down in Section 11.1(18)(b) of the Dairy Product Regulations (DPR) which states "No person in a registered establishment shall use, in the preparation of a dairy product for which grades or standards are established by these Regulations, any milk or cream that does not meet the quality standards established for milk or cream by the appropriate provincial or federal authority". In this regard, the provincial standards are the standards that the federal government accepts in a specific province. The specific standards set out below are from the National Dairy Regulations and Code and include the following:
    1. Aerobic Plate Count < 50,000/ml for cow's milk
    2. Somatic Cell Count < 400,000/ml for cow's milk
    3. Absence of inhibitors (veterinary medications) certified using an official method or a result below the maximum residue limit (MRL) set by Health Canada.
    4. Absence of added water
    5. Temperature of the milk < 6°Celsius.
  5. Every bulk milk/cream tanker entering Canada from the US must be accompanied by a document signed by a designated United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) Official indicating that the milk/cream in the tanker meets the specific specifications as set out in (I) above.
  6. The finished product must be labelled Product of Canada as set out in the DPR.
  7. All requirements set out in the Dairy Export Activities, must be met for exporting the final product.
  8. CFIA reserves the right to carry out audits of those involved in the Import for Re-Export Program (IREP); the frequency will be based upon random selection to determine that the policy is being followed as outlined. Deviations from the policy may affect participation in IREP.

Note: Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) requires that all milk/cream imported into Canada as part of the IREP must be segregated and be kept segregated. All participants who participate in the IREP must have a system in place that can be audited to clearly demonstrate that the IREP milk/cream has been kept segregated.

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