Denomination: 'HY412-SRW'
Botanical Name: Triticum aestivum
Applicant/Holder: Agrigenetics, Inc. (A division of Dow AgroSciences Inc.)
9330 Zionsville Road
Indianapolis, Indiana
United States of America
Breeder: Mark Etienne, DOW AgroSciences (A Division of Dow AgroSciences, Inc.), St. Mary's, Ontario
Agent in Canada: DOW AgroSciences (A Division of Dow AgroSciences, Inc.)
7061 Cobble Hills Road
St. Mary's, Ontario
N4X 1C7
Tel: 519-232-4341 x225
Application Date: 2013-03-07
Application Number: 13-7952
Protective direction granted: 2013-03-07
Grant of Rights Date: 2015-08-13
Certificate Number: 5092
Date rights revoked: 2016-08-13

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Emmit' and 'Branson'

Summary: The flag leaves of 'HY412-SRW' are wider than those of the reference varieties. The plants of 'HY412-SRW' are later heading than those of the reference varieties. The spikes of 'HY412-SRW' are longer than those of the reference varieties. The spike attitude of 'HY412-SRW' inclined whereas it is nodding on 'Branson'. The lower glume of 'HY412-SRW' is medium width and length whereas it is narrow and long on 'Branson'. The width of the kernel crease of 'HY412-SRW' is narrow whereas it is medium on 'Emmit'. The depth of the kernel crease of 'HY412-SRW' is shallow whereas it is mid-deep on both reference varieties.


PLANT: soft red winter type, erect to semi-erect growth habit at the 5 to 9 tiller stage, heads emerge late season, matures mid to late season

SEEDLING: absent or very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration of coleoptile, very weak density of pubescence on lower leaf sheaths and blades

FLAG LEAF: low frequency of plants with recurved/drooping flag leaves, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration of auricles, strong glaucosity of sheath, glabrous blade and sheath

CULM NECK: weak glaucosity, very weak curvature
STRAW: thin pith in cross section, no anthocyanin colouration at maturity
SPIKE: medium glaucosity, tapering to parallel-sided shape, medium density, cream colour at maturity, incline attitude, sparse to medium density of hairiness on convex surface of apical rachis segment
AWNS: very short to short awnlets, white, spreading attitude
LOWER GLUME: medium length and width, sparse pubescence, medium to dense internal hair
LOWER GLUME SHOULDER: medium to broad, slightly sloping
LOWER GLUME BEAK: medium length, very slightly curved
LOWEST LEMMA: slightly to moderately curved beak shape

KERNEL: medium red, medium size, medium length and width, oval to broad elliptical shape, rounded cheek, medium to long brush hairs, narrow and shallow crease
GERM: medium size, round to oval shape

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS: fair to good winter survival
QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS: fair to good pastry and biscuit quality
DISEASE REACTION: moderately resistant to Septoria tritici blotch (Septoria tritici), moderately resistant to moderately susceptible to Fusarium head blight (Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium species; based on inoculation trials conducted at the Nairn Research Facility in Ailsa Craig, Ontario) and Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina), resistant to Barley Yellow Dwarf virus (6-LOC)

Origin & Breeding History: 'HY412-SRW' (experimental designations TW412-011 and DANW1001) is derived from the cross between 'TW006-007// 'Emmit' (TW044-094) made in the lab at the Nairn Research Facility, Ailsa Craig, Ontario in 2002-2003. The F1 seed was planted in the lab in 2003 and was doubled using the doubled haploid (maize pollinated) method. The F2 was planted as a single 1.8 metre row into the nursery in the fall of 2004 and selected in the summer of 2005 for appearance and disease tolerances. TW412-011 was entered into a two-replicate trial in the fall of 2005 and subsequent internal yield evaluations through 2008. TW412-011 was tested for two years in the Orthogonal Soft Wheat Trial (OCCC) during the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 growing seasons.

Tests & Trials: Test and trials for 'HY412-SRW' were conducted during the 2012 and 2013 growing seasons at the Nairn Research Facility, Ailsa Craig, Ontario. Plot size was 4.14 metres squared and consisted of 6 rows. The row length was 3.0 metres with 18 cm spacing between rows. There were 4 replicates in an RCB Design. Measured characteristics were based on 20 measurements per variety per year.

Comparison tables for 'HY412-SRW' with reference varieties 'Emmit' and 'Branson'

Flag leaf width (mm)

  'HY412-SRW' 'Emmit' 'Branson'
mean 2012 15.40 13.00 9.90
std. deviation 2012 1.29 1.17 0.80
mean 2013 12.50 11.30 9.80
std. deviation 2013 1.05 0.79 0.83

Days to heading

  'HY412-SRW' 'Emmit' 'Branson'
mean Julian days 151 148 146

Spike length (cm)

  'HY412-SRW' 'Emmit' 'Branson'
mean 2012 11.60 10.70 9.70
std. deviation 2012 1.00 0.86 1.03
mean 2013 8.28 7.60 7.43
std. deviation 2013 0.33 0.56 0.47

Click on image for larger view
Wheat: 'HY412-SRW' (top) with reference varieties 'Emmit' (centre) and 'Branson' (bottom)

Click on image for larger view
Wheat: 'HY412-SRW' (left) with reference varieties 'Emmit' (centre) and 'Branson' (right)

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