Denomination: 'Enchant'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'HY694'
Botanical Name: Triticum aestivum
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg
Cereal Research Centre
195 Dafoe Road
Winnipeg, Manitoba
R3T 2M9
Breeder: P. D. Brown, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Tel: (403) 782-8126
Application Date: 2011-05-05
Application Number: 11-7286
Grant of Rights Date: 2013-07-29
Certificate Number: 4578
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2031-07-29

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'AC Vista', 'Conquer' and '5701PR'

Summary: The frequency of plants with recurved flag leaves is high to very high in 'Enchant' whereas it is medium in 'Conquer'. 'Enchant' has weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the flag leaf auricles whereas it is absent on '5701PR'. The flag leaves of 'Enchant' are longer than those of 'Conquer' and '5701PR' and wider than those of all the reference varieties. 'Enchant' is taller than 'Vista' and '5701PR'. The spike of 'Enchant' is longer than all of the reference varieties. 'Enchant' is resistant to Orange wheat blossom midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana) whereas 'Vista' and '5701PR' are susceptible.


PLANT: common hard red spring type, semi-erect to intermediate growth habit at the 5-9 tiller stage

SEEDLING (4 leaf stage): absent or very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the coleoptile, glabrous sheath and blade of the lower leaves
FLAG LEAF: high to very high frequency of plants with recurved flag leaves, weak to medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the auricles, medium glaucosity of the sheath, glabrous blade and sheath

SPIKE: weak to medium glaucosity at heading, parallel sided shape in profile, lax to medium density, awns present, awns shorter than the length of the spike
SPIKE AT MATURITY: white, white awns, erect attitude, very sparse hairiness of convex surface of apical rachis segment
CULM: medium to strong glaucosity at heading, very weakly curved at maturity
STRAW (AT MATURITY): thin pith in cross-section, no anthocyanin colouration

LOWER GLUME: long, medium width, pubescent, sparse extent of internal hairs
LOWER GLUME SHOULDER: narrow width, slightly sloping
LOWER GLUME BEAK: long, slightly curved
LOWEST LEMMA: slightly curved beak
KERNEL: light red colour, large, long, medium wide in width, elliptical, rounded cheek shape, long brush hairs, narrow to medium width and shallow to medium depth of crease
GERM: medium to large size, oval shape

PEST REACTION: resistant to Orange Wheat Blossom Midge (Sitodiplosis mosellana)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Enchant' (experimental designation HY694) was derived from the cross 97M27/AC Vista made at the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Cereal Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba during the winter of 2001-2002. Breeding objectives included high protein, high yielding Canadian Prairie Spring red wheat adapted to growing in the Eastern prairies combining good leaf rust, stem rust and improved Fusarium head blight and Orange wheat blossom midge resistances. A modified pedigree breeding method was used to develop 'Enchant' using contra-season nurseries in New Zealand for the F3, F5 and F7 generations. The F2, F4, F6 and F8 lines were planted and screened in various locations in Manitoba (Glenlea, Portage la Prairie and Brandon). Four F9 and three F10 lines from which HY694 was ultimately derived were yield, disease and quality tested in the 3 replicate, multiple location 2006 Eastern Prairie Wheat A and 2007 Eastern Prairie Wheat B tests. HY696 was tested in the 2008-2010 High yield Wheat co-op test.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted during the summers of 2010 and 2011 in Portage la Prairie, Manitoba. Plots consisted of 5 rows with a row length of 4.3 meters and a row spacing of 23 cm. There were 4 replicates arranged in a RCB design. Measured characteristics were based on 20 measurements per variety per year.

Comparison tables for 'Enchant' with reference varieties 'AC Vista', 'Conquer' and '5701PR'

Flag leaf length (cm)

  'Enchant' 'AC Vista' 'Conquer' '5701PR'
mean 2010 23.75 20.54 16.31 19.67
std. deviation 2012 2.2 2.11 1.88 3.15
mean 2011 25.98 25.65 18.93 22.75
std. deviation 2011 1.76 2.00 1.96 2.35

Flag leaf width (cm)

  'Enchant' 'AC Vista' 'Conquer' '5701PR'
mean 2010 14.75 13.55 13.50 13.35
std. deviation 2010 0.91 0.60 0.89 1.04
mean 2011 14.75 14.05 14.10 13.95
std. deviation 2011 0.72 0.83 0.97 0.76

Plant height at maturity (including awns) (cm)

  'Enchant' 'AC Vista' 'Conquer' '5701PR'
mean 2010 102.15 97.25 99.5 88.15
std. deviation 5.87 4.48 7.61 3.60
mean 2011 108.15 96.65 99.65 93.5
std. deviation 2011 3.13 3.82 3.47 2.48

Spike length (cm)

  'Enchant' 'AC Vista' 'Conquer' '5701PR'
mean 2010 10.75 8.90 8.67 7.84
std. deviation 2010 0.35 0.52 0.54 0.45
mean 2011 10.72 9.06 8.63 7.40
std. deviation 2011 0.65 0.55 0.51 0.49

Click on image for larger view
Wheat: 'Enchant' (left) with reference varieties 'AC Vista' (centre left), 'AC Conquer' (centre right) and '5701PR' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Wheat: 'Enchant' (left) with reference varieties '5701PR' (centre left), 'AC Conquer' (centre right) and 'AC Vista' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Wheat: 'Enchant' (left) with reference varieties '5701PR' (centre left), 'AC Conquer' (centre right) and 'AC Vista' (right)

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