Moats

Wheat

Denomination: 'Moats'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'S01-285-7R'
Botanical Name: Triticum aestivum
Applicant/Holder: University of Saskatchewan
Crop Development Centre
4D36 Agriculture Building, 51 Campus Drive
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 5A8
Canada
Breeder: David Brian Fowler, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Agent in Canada: SeCan Association
400-300 Terry Fox Drive
Kanata, Ontario
K2K 0E3
Canada
Tel: 613-592-8600 ext.223
Application Date: 2010-08-19
Application Number: 10-7076
Grant of Rights Date: 2014-07-22
Certificate Number: 4847
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2032-07-22

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'CDC Buteo' and 'CDC Falcon'

Summary: The frequency of plants with recurved flag leaves is weak in 'Moats' whereas it is absent or very low in 'CDC Buteo'. The intensity of anthocyanin colouration on the flag leaf auricles of 'Moats' is very weak whereas it is medium on 'CDC Buteo'. The flag leaf sheath of 'Moats' has weak to medium glaucosity whereas it is medium to strong on 'CDC Falcon'. The plants of 'Moats' are taller and later heading than those of 'CDC Falcon'. The spike density of 'Moats' is lax whereas it is medium in 'CDC Buteo'. The lower glume shoulder width of 'Moats' is absent or very narrow and sloping in shape whereas it is medium width and slightly sloping on 'CDC Buteo' and narrow and slightly sloping in 'CDC Falcon'. The lower glume beak of 'Moats' is medium to long whereas it is long to very long on 'CDC Buteo'. The lower glume beak of 'Moats' is slightly curved whereas it is moderately to strongly curved on 'CDC Falcon'.

Description:

PLANT: common winter type, matures mid-season
SEEDLING (at four leaf stage): weak to medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration of coleoptiles, glabrous lower leaf sheath and blade

GROWTH HABIT (at 5-9 tiller stage): erect
FLAG LEAF (at booting): low frequency of plants with recurved flag leaves, very weak anthocyanin colouration on auricles, weak to medium glaucosity on sheath, glabrous blade and sheath

SPIKE: medium glaucosity, tapering shape in profile, lax density, white, erect to inclined attitude at maturity, absent or very sparse hairiness on convex surface of apical rachis segment
CULM: weak glaucosity, straight at maturity
STRAW: thin pith in cross section, no anthocyanin colouration present at maturity
AWNS: present, shorter than length of spike, white

LOWER GLUME: medium length and width, pubescent
LOWER GLUME SHOULDER: absent or very narrow width, sloping shape
LOWER GLUME BEAK: medium to long, slightly curved

KERNEL: hard red type, medium red, small to medium size, medium length and width, broad elliptical shape, angular cheek, medium length brush hairs, narrow to medium width with shallow to medium depth of crease
GERM: small size when observed from dorsal view, round to oval shape

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS: good winter survival, good bread quality

Origin & Breeding History: 'Moats' (experimental name 'S01-285-7*R') was selected from the cross 'McClintock' by 'CDC Falcon' conducted in the fall of 1999 at the Crop Development Centre, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The F1 and F2 generations were grown in a greenhouse during the winter of 1999. The F3 lines were grown in a field nursery in Saskatoon in 2000-2001 where winter hardiness, height, straw strength and disease reaction were evaluated. Single row selections were made in the fall of 2001 and were grown in yield trials in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003. Single head selections were grown out as head rows and inoculated with leaf and stem rust in Saskatoon in 2003-2004 where a single row was selected and designated S01-285-7*R. Agronomic performance and disease reactions were evaluated in trials grown in Saskatchewan during the 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 growing seasons and S01-285-7*R was entered in the Central Winter Wheat Cooperative Registration Trials during the next three growing seasons.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Moats' were conducted in 2011 and 2012 at C&M Seeds in Palmerston, Ontario. Plots consisted of 8 rows with a row length of 4 meters and a row spacing of 15 cm. Planting density was 400 seeds per meter squared. There were 4 replicates arranged in an RCB design.


Comparison tables for 'Moats' with reference varieties 'CDC Buteo' and 'CDC Falcon'

Days to heading

  'Moats' 'CDC Buteo' 'CDC Falcon'
no. of days to 50% of heads fully emerged from boot 160 159 158

Plant height (cm)

  'Moats' 'CDC Buteo' 'CDC Falcon'
mean 102 97 84
std. deviation 5.08 4.72 5.01

Click on image for larger view
Moats
Wheat: 'Moats' (left) with reference varieties, 'CDC Buteo' (centre) and 'CDC Falcon' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Moats
Wheat: 'Moats' (centre) with reference varieties 'CDC Buteo' (left) and 'CDC Falcon' (right)

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