Faller

Wheat

Denomination: 'Faller'
Botanical Name: Triticum aestivum
Applicant/Holder: NDSU Research Foundation
1735 NDSU Research Park Drive
Dept. No. 4400, P.O. Box 6050
Fargo, North Dakota
58108-6050
United States of America
Breeder: Mohamed Mergoum, NDSU, Fargo, United States of America
Agent in Canada: FP Genetics Inc.
426 McDonald Street
Regina, Saskatchewan
S4N 6E1
Canada
Tel: 306-791-1045 x.223
Application Date: 2008-05-12
Application Number: 08-6333
Protective direction granted: 2008-05-12
Date Withdrawn: 2009-11-16

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Superb' and 'Glenn'

Summary: 'Faller' heads later than 'Glenn'. The frequency of plants with recurved/drooping flag leaves is higher in 'Faller' than in 'Superb' and 'Glenn'. 'Faller' has a stronger anthocyanin colouration of the flag leaf auricles than 'Superb' and 'Glenn'. The spike of 'Faller' has stronger glaucosity than 'Superb'. 'Faller' has a less erect spike at maturity than 'Superb'.

Description:

PLANT: spring type, semi-erect growth habit
SEEDLING: absent or very weak pubescence on lower leaf sheaths, absent or very weak pubescence on lower leaf blades

FLAG LEAF: high to very high frequency of plants with recurved/drooping flag leaves, glabrous blades and sheaths, medium to strong anthocyanin colouration of auricles, weak glaucosity of sheath

STRAW: thin pith in cross section

SPIKE: parallel sided shape, lax to medium density, incline attitude and white at maturity, medium glaucosity, white awns present, short to medium length awns, medium to strong spreading awn attitude, dense to very dense hairiness of convex surface of apical rachis segment

KERNEL: hard red type, light red colour, medium sized kernel, short to midlong, midwide to wide, oval shape

Origin & Breeding History: 'Faller' (experimental designation ND805) is the result of the final cross using the modified pedigree and bulk methods made at North Dakota State University (NDSU), Fargo, North Dakota in the fall of 1997. The pedigree is ND2710/ND688/3/Kitt/Amidon//Grandin/Stoa Sib, where ND2710 = ND2603/Grandin, ND688 = Grandin/3/IAS20*4/H567.71//Amidon, Kitt = University of Minnesota variety, Amidon = NDSU variety, Grandin = NDSU variety, and Stoa sib is a sister line of Stoa, an NDSU variety. The F1 plants were grown in a greenhouse at NDSU in 1998. It was grown in the fall-winter 1998/99 in a winter nursery in New Zealand where 100 heads were selected and threshed individually and advanced as F3 head rows. In the summer of 1999, 10 spikes from the F3 were selected and advanced to the F4. In the summer of 2000, the F4 was grown and 5 spikes were selected and individually threshed and advanced as an F5 as head-rows in the winter nursery in New Zealand. In the following summer of 2001, the F5 was grown in yield trials at NDSU research farms in Casselton and Prosper, North Dakota. A selected plot from Casselton was harvested and bulked for yield trials in 2002. The F6 was grown in 2002 at the same two locations, where again a selected plot from Casselton was harvested and bulked for use as an F7 in an Elite yield trial in 2003. ND805 was designated at this time. The line was tested in the summers of 2004-2006 in Elite yield trials and statewide yield trials. It was released in January 2007. Selection criteria in the early generations included plant vigor, height, maturity and pest resistance. In later generations selection criteria included grain yield, lodging resistance, shattering resistance, test and kernel weights, disease resistance and milling and bread making qualities.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted during the summer of 2008 in Minto, Manitoba. Plots consisted of six rows with a row length of 5.5 meters and row spacing of 20 cm. There were 4 replicates. The tests and trials for 'Faller' were supported by the test report purchased from the Plant Variety Protection Office, Beltsville, Maryland, USA PVPO# 200700328.


Comparison table for 'Faller' with reference varieties 'Superb' and 'Glenn'

Days to heading

  'Faller' 'Superb' 'Glenn'
mean 63 62 60

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Faller
Wheat: 'Faller'

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Faller
Wheat: Reference variety 'Superb'

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Faller
Wheat: Reference variety 'Glenn'

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