Malwina

Strawberry

Denomination: 'Malwina'
Botanical Name: Fragaria ×ananassa
Applicant/Holder: Stoppel, Peter
Kümmertsweiler 13
D-88079
Kressbronn
Germany
Breeder: Peter Stoppel, Kressbronn, Germany
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Canada
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2012-06-01
Application Number: 12-7620
Protective direction granted: 2012-06-01
Grant of Rights Date: 2015-12-18
Certificate Number: 5157
Exemption from compulsory licensing: Yes
Expiry date for exemption from compulsory licensing: 2017-12-18
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2035-12-18

Note: The applicant has requested an exemption from compulsory licensing to allow time to multiply and distribute propagating material of the variety. If the exemption is granted, it may be allowed for two years from the date rights are granted for the variety.


Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Summer Evening' and 'Valley Sunset'

Summary: The plants of 'Malwina' have an upright growth habit whereas those of 'Summer Evening' are semi-upright and those of 'Valley Sunset' are spreading. The foliage of 'Malwina' is dense whereas that of 'Summer Evening' is sparse and 'Valley Sunset' is medium density. The plant vigour of 'Malwina' is strong whereas that of 'Summer Evening' is weak and 'Valley Sunset' is medium. The plants of 'Malwina' have no or very few stolons whereas those of 'Summer Evening' have few and 'Valley Sunset' have a medium amount. The inflorescence of 'Malwina' is positioned beneath the foliage whereas it is positioned at the same level as the foliage in 'Valley Sunset'. The fruit size of 'Malwina' is large whereas it is medium sized for both reference varieties. There is a moderate difference in shape between the terminal and other fruit of 'Malwina' whereas it is none or very slight in 'Summer Evening' and slight in 'Valley Sunset'. The calyx adherence of 'Malwina' is weak whereas it is strong for 'Summer Evening' and medium for 'Valley Sunset'. The flesh colour of the fruit of 'Malwina' is light red whereas it is light pink for 'Summer Evening' and orange red for 'Valley Sunset'. 'Malwina' begins flowering and fruiting very late in the season whereas 'Summer Evening' begins mid-season and 'Valley Sunset' begins mid to late in the season.

Description:

PLANT: upright growth habit, dense foliage, strong vigour, not remontant type
STOLONS: absent or very few, absent or very weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration, medium density of pubescence

LEAF: medium size, dark green on upper side, strong blistering, strong glossiness, no variegation
TERMINAL LEAFLET: moderately longer than width, acute base, serrate to crenate margin, concave shape in cross section
PETIOLE: medium length, slightly outwards attitude of hairs
STIPULE: medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration

TIME OF BEGINNING OF FLOWERING: very late
INFLORESCENCE: positioned beneath foliage, medium number of flowers, upwards attitude of hairs on pedicel
FLOWER: calyx diameter same size as corolla, stamens present
PETALS: overlapping, moderately shorter than width, white

TIME OF BEGINNING OF FRUIT RIPENING: very late
FRUIT: moderately shorter than width, large in size, reniform shape, moderate difference in shape of terminal fruit and other fruit, narrow band without achenes
FRUIT SKIN: dark red, slightly uneven colour, medium glossiness, even or very slightly uneven surface
ACHENES: level with fruit surface
CALYX: inserted attachment, outwards attitude of sepals, slightly smaller in diameter than diameter of fruit, weak adherence
FRUIT FLESH: medium firmness, light red, medium red core, absent or small cavity

Origin & Breeding History: 'Malwina' originated from the cross of an unnamed seedling (female parent) by 'Sophie' (male parent) conducted during the summer of 1999 in Kressbronn, Germany. 'Malwina' was initially selected from the seedling population based on plant vigour, plant growth habit and its late harvest season. Asexual propagation was first conducted in September 1999 in Kressbronn, Germany.

Tests & Trials: Comparative trials for 'Malwina' were conducted at the Simcoe Research Station, University of Guelph, Simcoe, Ontario during the 2014 growing season. The plots were planted in May 2013 in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). Each variety consisted of 2 replicates/variety with a total of more than 20 plants per variety. Plants were spaced approximately 35 centimetres between plants in the row and spaced approximately 1.3 metres apart between rows. Measured characteristics were based on 9 measurements.

Click on image for larger view
Malwina
Strawberry: 'Malwina' (left) with reference varieties 'Summer Evening' (centre) and 'Valley Sunset' (right)

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