|Botanical Name:||Rubus idaeus|
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Horticulture Research & Development Centre
430, boulevard Gouin, P.O. Box 457
Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
|Agent in Canada:||
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Tel: (403) 782-8126
|Grant of Rights Date:||2008-05-21|
|Grant of Rights Termination Date:||2026-05-21|
Varieties used for comparison: 'Killarney' and 'Boyne'
Summary: 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has a lower number of current season canes than the reference varieties. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has no anthocyanin colouration on the apex of very young shoots while both reference varieties have anthocyanin present. The vegetative bud burst is late on 'Jeanne d'Orléans' and early on both reference varieties. The length of internodes on the current season's cane is medium on 'Jeanne d'Orléans' and short on 'Killarney'. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has a sparse to medium spine density while it is dense on both reference varieties. Flowering begins very late on 'Jeanne d'Orléans' while it is very early on both reference varieties. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has a lower number of spines on the pedicel than the reference varieties. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has late fruit ripening while 'Boyne' ripens early. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has larger fruit than the reference varieties. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has broad conical to conical fruit shape while 'Killarney' has circular fruit. The drupe size is large on 'Jeanne d'Orléans' and medium on both reference varieties. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has weak fruit glossiness while 'Killarney' has strong glossiness. 'Jeanne d'Orléans' has firmer fruit than the reference varieties.
PLANT: fruit bearing only on previous year's cane in the summer, semi-upright growth habit, few current season canes
VERY YOUNG SHOOT: no anthocyanin colouration at apex
CANE: late vegetative bud burst, weak to medium glaucosity, weak anthocyanin colouration when present, medium internode length, short vegetative bud, dormant cane greyish orange-brown
SPINES: present, sparse to medium density, medium base size, medium to medium long length, light brown
LEAF: light to medium green
LEAFLET: equally three and five per leaf, flat to convex profile of cross section, strong to very strong rugosity between the veins, relative position within leaf is slightly free to slightly overlapping
FLOWERING: begins very late
PEDICEL: few to medium number of spines
PEDUNCLE: strong to very strong anthocyanin colouration
FRUIT RIPENING: begins late
FRUITING LATERAL: erect to semi-erect attitude, long
FRUIT: long, broad, length/width ratio is longer than broad, broad conical to conical shape, large drupe, medium red, weak glossiness, firm, weak to medium adherence to plug
Origin & Breeding History: 'Jeanne d'Orleans' originated from a cross made in 1994, at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, research centre in Québec. The cross was between the parents 'Meeker' and 'Chilliwack'. The original variety selection was based on the characteristics of winter hardiness, yield, fruit size and shelf life. These characteristics have been monitored since 1995.
Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted in 2006, L'Acadie, Québec. Trials consisted of 20 to 25 plants of the candidate and reference varieties. A randomized complete block design with four replicates was used to evaluate the lines. The experimental plots were established in 2003. All data was collected from a 2 meter long section in the middle of each 3 meter long plot.
Comparison tables for 'Jeanne d'Orléans' with reference varieties 'Killarney' and 'Boyne'
Yield was based on the sum of 4 replicates for the entire picking season.
Fruit weight was based on the weight of 25 randomly selected fruits.
Fruit weight (g)
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