Denomination: 'NQ94PT'
Botanical Name: Chenopodium quinoa
Applicant/Holder: Northern Quinoa Production Corporation
The Production Board, LLC, Anderson Tax
c/o Deborah McGee, 400 South Hope St.,Suite 2000
Los Angeles
CA 90071
United States of America
Breeder: Joe Dutcheshen, Northern Quinoa Corporation, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Agent in Canada: Northern Quinoa Corporation
3002 Millar Ave.
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Tel: 306-933-9525
Application Date: 2006-11-30
Application Number: 06-5684
Protective direction granted: 2006-11-30
Protective direction withdrawn: 2013-11-29
Grant of Rights Date: 2014-08-12
Certificate Number: 4850
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2032-08-12

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'CO407'

Summary: The plants of 'NQ94PT' are taller than those of 'CO407'. 'NQ94PT' flowers mid-season whereas 'CO407' flowers early. The inflorescence of 'NQ94PT' is a long, glomerulate type whereas 'CO407' is an amarantiform type and is medium in length. 'NQ94PT' is later maturing than 'CO407'. When maturing, the inflorescence of 'NQ94PT' changes colour from green to yellow to brown whereas 'CO407' changes from orange to brown. The seed of 'NQ94PT' is ellipsoid and white whereas that of 'CO407' is discoid and light brown.


HYPOCOTYL: weak intensity of anthocyanin colouration
COTYLEDONS: anthocyanin colouration present

STEM: green, stripes absent, no anthocyanin colouration at leaf axil, weak tendency to branch
LEAF: green, no pigmentation of apex, widest part positioned in the middle, glaucosity absent
LEAF MARGIN: undulated, medium amount of indentations
PETIOLE: anthocyanin colouration absent

FLOWERING TIME: mid-season
INFLORESCENCE: glomerulate type, angle of panicles greater than 45 degrees, long, many female flowers per glomerule, bracts equal in size to utricle, seed head orange at maturity

SEED: reticulate texture of seed coat, ellipsoid shape, white

Origin & Breeding History: 'NQ94PT' was discovered as a single plant of 'CO407' growing in a field on a farm near Kamsack, Saskatchewan (land location coordinates NE-29-1-W2) in the fall of 2000. At harvest, the plant was collected and yielded approximately 75 grams of seed. Over the next six generations, the seed was planted and challenged with applications of Imazethapyr ammonium (Pursuit BASF) in increasing concentrations. During the spring and summer of 2006, plants exhibiting tolerance to full concentrations of the herbicide along with strong seed set were selected.

Tests & Trials: The trials for 'NQ94PT' were conducted in Dewinton, Alberta during the summers of 2012 and 2013. Plots consisted of 2 replicates/variety with each replicate consisting of 2 rows measuring 2.5 metres in length with a row spacing of 30 centimetres. Measured characteristics were based on a minimum of 20 measurements per variety per year.

Comparison tables for 'NQ94PT' with reference variety 'CO407'

Plant height (cm)

  'NQ94PT' 'CO407'
mean 2012 104.5 94.6
std. deviation 2012 5.7 7.1
mean 2013 96.5 87.6
std. deviation 2013 7.1 8.3

Days to maturity

  'NQ94PT' 'CO407'
mean 2012 108.5 97.5
mean 2013 109.5 102.3

Click on image for larger view
Quinoa: 'NQ94PT' (right) with reference variety, 'CO407' (left)

Click on image for larger view
Quinoa: 'NQ94PT' (right) with reference variety, 'CO407' (left)

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