Denomination: 'PER1090'
Trade name: 1090 Red
Botanical Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima
Applicant/Holder: Dummen Group B.V.
P.O. Box 26
Coldenhovelaan 6, 2678 PS
De Lier
Breeder: Ruth Kobayashi, Carlsbad, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2006-06-19
Application Number: 06-5507
Grant of Rights Date: 2009-02-10
Certificate Number: 3441
Date rights surrendered: 2014-01-16

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: '490' (Freedom Red)

Summary: The bracts of 'PER1090' are lighter red on the upper side and darker pink red on the lower side than those of '490'. 'PER1090' has narrower bracts with stronger twisting and weaker curving than those of '490'. 'PER1090' has a broader cyathium with larger glands than '490'.


STEM: weak anthocyanin colouration

LEAF BLADE: ovate, wedge shaped base, no anthocyanin colouration of upper and lower sides, medium to strong anthocyanin colouration of base of mid-rib on upper side, medium anthocyanin colouration of veins on lower side, moderate development of lobes, shape of sinus between lobes is pointed but may be rounded
PETIOLE: strong to very strong anthocyanin colouration of upper side, medium anthocyanin colouration of lower side

BRACT: uniform colour, 1 to 3 transition bracts, red on upper side, dark pink red on lower side, absent to weak development of lobes, round shaped sinus between lobes, no incisions of margin, weak folding, no curving, weak to moderate twisting, medium intensity of rugosity between veins
LARGEST BRACT: ovate, round to wedge shaped base
CYATHIUM GLANDS: medium to large, yellow, medium anthocyanin colouration at base only

Origin & Breeding History: 'PER1090' originated from a planned cross conducted in December 2000 at the Paul Ecke Ranch in Encinitas, California, U.S.A. 'PER1090' was selected based on its vigorous growth habit, bright red bracts and dark green foliage.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'PER1090' were conducted during the fall of 2007 at Schenk Farms & Greenhouse Co. Ltd. in St. Catherines, Ontario. There were 25 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings transplanted into 15 cm pots on August 16, 2007. The pots were spaced 30 cm apart, pot centre to centre. Measured characteristics were based on measurements taken from 10 plants or parts of plants on December 3, 2007. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'PER1090' with reference variety '490'

Bract width (cm)

  'PER1090' '490'
mean 8.52 10.51
std. deviation 0.45 0.76

Colour of bract (RHS)

  'PER1090' '490'
upper side 45B 46B
lower side 45D 46D

Cyathium width (cm)

  'PER1090' '490'
mean 2.34 1.74
std. deviation 0.09 0.20

Click on image for larger view
Poinsettia: 'PER1090' (left) with reference variety '490' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Poinsettia: 'PER1090' (left) with reference variety '490' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Poinsettia: 'PER1090' (left) with reference variety '490' (right)

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