Denomination: 'PER11403'
Trade name: Freedom Early Red
Botanical Name: Euphorbia pulcherrima
Applicant/Holder: Dummen Group B.V.
P.O. Box 26
Coldenhovelaan 6, 2678 PS
De Lier
Breeder: Ruth Kobayashi, Carlsbad, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2004-10-07
Application Number: 04-4438
Grant of Rights Date: 2007-01-22
Certificate Number: 2665
Date rights surrendered: 2015-01-22

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: '490' (Freedom Red)

Summary: 'PER11403' is a poinsettia variety which has shorter, more compact plants than the reference variety '490'. The petiole of 'PER11403' is longer than the petiole of '490'. 'PER11403' is an earlier variety than '490' and its bracts are a slightly lighter red colour than the reference variety.


'PER11403' is a poinsettia variety with weak to medium anthocyanin colouration on the stem. The leaves are broad ovate in shape with a wedge shaped base and no anthocyanin colouration on the upper and lower sides of the leaf blade. The veins of the upper side of the leaf have weak to medium anthocyanin and on the lower side the veins have very weak or no anthocyanin colouration. 'PER11403' has weak to medium lobe development on the leaf blades and no incisions of the margins. The sinuses between the lobes are rounded. The petiole has strong anthocyanin colouration on the upper side and medium anthocyanin on the lower side.

'PER11403' has red, uniformly coloured bracts which initiate colour very early in the season. There is very weak lobe development in the bracts. There are no incisions of the margin. There is very weak or no folding of the bracts, and no curving or twisting. The intensity of rugosity between the veins is very weak to weak. The largest bracts of 'PER11403' are broad ovate in shape with a rounded to wedged base.

Origin & Breeding History: 'PER11403' was discovered at the Paul Ecke Ranch, Encinitas, California in December, 2003. The variety was selected for its early bloom date, dark red bract colour and dark green leaf colour.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'PER11403' were conducted in a greenhouse during the summer/fall of 2005 in St. Catharines, Ontario. The trial consisted of 15 plants of each variety. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings, transplanted into 6 inch pots on August 17, 2005. The pots were spaced 12 inches apart, from the pot center. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on December 1, 2005. All colour determinations were made using the RHS Colour Chart 2001.

Comparison tables for 'PER11403' with reference variety '490'

Plant height (cm)

  'PER11403' '490'
mean 31.83 42.7
std. deviation 3.87 5.96

Length of petiole (cm)

  'PER11403' '490'
mean 7.33 5.1
std. deviation 1.03 0.692

Colour of bract (RHS)

  'PER11403' '490'
upper side 53B (46C near midrib) 45B
lower side 53C-D 45C, 45B

Click on image for larger view
Poinsettia: 'PER11403' (left) with reference variety '490' (right)

Date modified: