Revolution Violet No. 3


Denomination: 'Revolution Violet No. 3'
Trade name: Surfinia Violet
Botanical Name: Petunia ×hybrida
Applicant/Holder: Suntory Flowers Limited
Administrative Division
4-17-5 Shiba, Minato-ku
Breeder: Shinichiro Torii, Suntory Limited, Osaka, Japan
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 1999-12-14
Application Number: 99-1948
Grant of Rights Date: 2001-11-19
Certificate Number: 1073
Date rights surrendered: 2014-11-19

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'

Summary: 'Revolution Violet No. 3' is a petunia variety that has larger leaves and flowers than 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'. The flowers of 'Cascadia Improved Charlie' are a solid violet colour, whereas the flowers of 'Revolution Violet No. 3' are variegated dark and lighter violet.


'Revolution Violet No. 3' is a petunia variety with a semi-pendulous growth habit and moderate branching. The stems are thin, with medium pubescence and the foliage is moderately dense. The leaves of 'Revolution Violet No. 3' are dark green, ovate in shape and have a broadly acute apex and entire margin. Undulation of the margin is weak. Pubescence on the upper and lower leaf surfaces is sparse. The leaves are oriented perpendicular to the stem or slightly angled towards the base. The sepals of 'Revolution Violet No. 3' are oblanceolate, with a rounded apex and moderate pubescence. 'Revolution Violet No. 3' produces single, funnelform, dark violet coloured flowers along the axis and at the tip of the stems. The apex of each petal (corolla lobe) is cuspidate. There is moderate pubescence on the peduncle. The flowers have a mottled or variegated appearance with a dark violet ground colour and a lighter violet colour in blotches over the surface of the corolla. The throat of the flowers is violet.

Origin & Breeding History: 'Revolution Violet No. 3' originated from crossing 'Falcon Blue' as the female parent to a wild type of petunia native to Brazil, as the pollen parent. The cross took place at the Research Centre of Suntory Ltd., Osaka, Japan, in June 1991. From the crossing two seedlings were selected for vivid purple colour and decumbent growth habit. These two seedlings were crossed in March 1992. Five seedlings were selected from this cross and were grown in a flower potting and bedding trial. In March 1993, one plant was finally selected and determined to be distinguishable from all other varieties. It was named 'Revolution Violet No. 3'.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'Revolution Violet No. 3' were conducted in a greenhouse at Norseco Inc., Boisbriand, Quebec during the summer of 2000. The trials consisted of nine plants of each variety, grown in 25 cm hanging pots (3 plants per pot). Measured characteristics were based on a minimum of 10 measurements.

Comparison tables for 'Revolution Violet No. 3' with reference variety 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'

Leaf length (cm)

  'Revolution Violet No. 3' 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'
mean 4.2 3.2
range 3.1-4.7 2.2-5.2

Leaf width (cm)

  'Revolution Violet No. 3' 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'
mean 2.6 2.1
range 1.2-3.2 1.4-2.4

Diameter of corolla (cm)

  'Revolution Violet No. 3' 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'
mean 4.8 4.1
range 3.5-5.7 4.0-4.2

Colour of corolla (RHS)

  'Revolution Violet No. 3' 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'
inner side 83A & 88A 88A
outer side 86B 86C

Colour of throat (RHS)

  'Revolution Violet No. 3' 'Cascadia Improved Charlie'
inner side 88C 83D
outer side 79C 79D
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