Peni Vio09


Denomination: 'Peni Vio09'
Trade name: Phoenix Violet 09
Botanical Name: Penstemon hartwegii
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Crop Protection AG
Schwarzwaldallee 215
Breeder: Jason Jandrew, Goldsmith Seeds, Inc., Mountain View, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2007-12-24
Application Number: 07-6112
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-06-01
Certificate Number: 3848
Date rights surrendered: 2017-05-19

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Penharvio' (Artist Bell Violet Frost)

Summary: 'Peni Vio09' has a shorter plant height than 'Penharvio'. 'Peni Vio09' has a longer and wider leaf than 'Penharvio'. 'Peni Vio09' has a darker violet colour on the inner side of the corolla lobe than 'Penharvio'. The outer side of the corolla lobe is purple while it is violet with white tones for 'Penharvio'. The dorsal side of the corolla tube is purple for 'Peni Vio09' while it is violet for 'Penharvio'.


PLANT: upright growth habit
STEM: sparse pubescence, no anthocyanin colouration

LEAF: opposite arrangement, lanceolate, acute apex, entire margin, upper side medium green with weak glossiness, no petiole

FLOWER: thyrse flower formation, terminal and axillary in position
CALYX: medium to strong anthocyanin colouration along margin, dense pubescence, sepal ovate in shape with entire margin
COROLLA: trumpet shaped, upper and lower lobe red-violet (redder than RHS N81A) on inner side with white secondary colour at transition to corolla tube, no markings on inner side, outer side purple (RHS 71A and 72A) with white secondary colour
COROLLA TUBE: inner side white with no markings, outer side purple (RHS 71C)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Peni Vio09' originated from a cross made in July 2005 in Gilroy, California, USA. The female parent was a proprietary seedling, designated 14-1, with violet flowers and the male parent was a proprietary seedling, designated 104-1, with light pink coloured flowers. The resultant seed was sown in a greenhouse in October 2005 and in April 2006, a single plant from the progeny was selected by the breeder based on flower colour, flower quality and compact plant habit.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Peni Vio09' were conducted in a poly-house during the summer of 2009 at BioFlora Inc. in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of fifteen plants per variety. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 15 cm pots on April 21, 2009. Observations and measurements were taken from ten plants of each variety on July 22, 2009. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Peni Vio09' with reference variety 'Penharvio'

Plant height (cm)

  'Peni Vio09' 'Penharvio'
mean 61.5 69.3
std. deviation 2.51 3.70

Leaf length (cm)

  'Peni Vio09' 'Penharvio'
mean 13.6 10.9
std. deviation 0.33 0.71

Leaf width (cm)

  'Peni Vio09' 'Penharvio'
mean 5.1 4.0
std. deviation 0.36 0.39

Main colour of corolla lobes (RHS)

  'Peni Vio09' 'Penharvio'
inner side N81A (redder than) N81A, aging to N82A
outer side 71A and 72A N80B-C with white tones

Colour of corolla tube (RHS)

  'Peni Vio09' 'Penharvio'
dorsal surface 71C 77C-D

Click on image for larger view
Peni Vio09
Penstemon: 'Peni Vio09' (left) with reference variety 'Penharvio' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Peni Vio09
Penstemon: 'Peni Vio09' (left) with reference variety 'Penharvio' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Peni Vio09
Penstemon: 'Peni Vio09' (left) with reference variety 'Penharvio' (right)

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