Denomination: 'Zocarowe'
Trade name: Fidelity XL Candy Rose with Eye
Botanical Name: Pelargonium ×hortorum
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Seeds B.V.
P.O. Box 2
1600 AA
Breeder: Theodorus C. M. van Kleinwee, Syngenta Seeds B.V., Enkhuizen, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2005-11-14
Application Number: 05-5131
Date Withdrawn: 2007-11-28

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'KLEP01008' (Moonlight Lavender)

Summary: 'Zocarowe' is taller and has a longer and wider leaf blade than 'KLEP01008'. The upper side of the leaf of 'Zocarowe' is a lighter green colour than in 'KLEP01008'. 'Zocarowe' has a longer petiole and peduncle than 'KLEP01008'. The anthocyanin colouration on the peduncle is absent to weak for 'Zocarowe' while it is strong for 'KLEP01008'. The colour of the middle third of the pedicel is green with streaks of light red for'Zocarowe' while it is dark red for 'KLEP01008'.


PLANT: upright to semi-intermediate growth habit, medium height, medium foliage width, few to medium number of branches
STEM: green, medium thickness, dense pubescence

LEAF BLADE: medium length, medium width, wide open to open base, lobing present
MARGIN: bicrenate, shallow margin incisions, strong waviness
UPPER SIDE: dense pubescence, light to medium green, no variegation
LEAF ZONE: weak conspicuousness, normal position, reddish brown
PETIOLE: short to medium length, dense pubescence

INFLORESCENCE: pink colour group, medium number per plant, medium to large diameter
PEDUNCLE: medium to long, dense pubescence, absent to weak anthocyanin colouration
FLORET: elliptic bud, single, medium diameter, few to medium number of petals, petals overlapping, margin entire
UPPER PETAL: medium to broad, upper side purple red with very weak blue pink striped markings and medium large to large white zone at base, lower side blue pink to white
LOWER PETAL: medium to broad, upper side is purple red with no markings and small to medium white zone at base, lower side is blue pink
PEDICEL: medium length, dense pubescence, green with streaks of light red on middle third, swelling present
SEPAL: dense pubescence, mostly green with some red at base

Origin & Breeding History: 'Zocarowe' originated from a controlled pollination conducted in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands in 2001. The female parent, identified as 2089 was fertilized with a mixture of pollen from several selected male plants. A single seedling was selected in April 2002 and propagated by cuttings. The new pelargonium was tested one year later at greenhouse and field performance trials in Enkhuizen, The Netherlands and evaluated for criteria including earliness, good branching, good and stable flower colour, flower size, rich and continuous flowering and resistance against Botrytis. In the same year it was tested in Sarrians, Southern France for heat resistance and resistance to drought stress.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Zocarowe' were conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2006 in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included 15 plants per variety. Rooted cuttings were planted into 10 cm pots on May 1, 2006 and were transplanted into 20 cm pots on June 26, 2006. Measured characteristics were based on 10 measurements. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Zocarowe' with reference variety 'KLEP01008'

Plant height (cm)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
mean 24.6 19.8
std. deviation 1.91 3.17

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
mean 3.6 2.5
std. deviation 0.3 0.12

Leaf blade width (cm)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
mean 6.0 4.2
std. deviation 0.27 0.19

Petiole length (cm)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
mean 4.7 2.4
std. deviation 0.78 0.33

Peduncle length (cm)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
mean 12.4 7.8
std. deviation 1.33 1.65

Colour of upper petal (RHS)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
upper side-margin N57C 67C
upper side-middle N57C 67C
lower side 65A to white 68B to white

Colour of lower petal (RHS)

  'Zocarowe' 'KLEP01008'
upper side-margin N57C 67C
upper side-middle N57C 67C
lower side 65A to white 68B to white

Click on image for larger view
Pelargonium: 'Zocarowe' (left) with reference variety 'KLEP01008' (right)

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