Fip 440


Denomination: 'Fip 440'
Trade name: Rocky Mountain Orange
Botanical Name: Pelargonium ×hortorum
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Crop Protection AG
Schwarzwaldallee 215
Breeder: Angelika Utecht, Montabaur, Germany
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2001-11-26
Application Number: 01-2879
Grant of Rights Date: 2003-09-24
Certificate Number: 1574
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2021-09-24

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Fisglori'

Summary: 'Fip 440' produces a bigger plant with fewer branches than 'Fisglori'. The conspicuousness of the zone on the leaf blade is stronger in 'Fip 440' than in 'Fisglori'. 'Fip 440' has a fewer number of inflorescence per plant than 'Fisglori'. 'Fip 440' has a semi-double type floret, while 'Fisglori' has single to semi-double type florets.


'Fip 440' is a zonal pelargonium variety with an upright to intermediate growth habit. The stems are green, and medium to thick in thickness with very dense pubescence. The leaf is a type 1 shape, has a open to closed base and crenate margins. The margin has weak waviness, and very weak to weak lobing, which is shallow in depth. The leaves are medium green in colour with no variegation and dense pubescence on the upper side. The zone on the upper side of the leaf is medium to strong in conspicuousness, normal in position, and green to reddish brown in colour.

'Fip 440' produces medium number of orange coloured inflorescences. The peduncle has dense pubescence and no anthocyanin colouration. The flower bud is round in shape and the florets are semi-double. There are medium number of flower petals. The petal margin is entire. Width of the upper petals is medium to broad in size. There is a small white zone at the base of the upper petals. There are no markings on the upper and lower petals. The middle third of the pedicel is green to light red in colour and has dense pubescence. The sepals have medium to dense pubescence and are green in colour with very weak red colouring at the base.

Origin & Breeding History: 'Fip 440' originated from a hybridization made in 1996 of a female parent a hybrid seedling 'K92-990-1', derived from a cross of 'Fisnida' with 'Vulkan/Volcano' and a male parent a hybrid seedling 'K 93-686-37' at Galdar, Gran Canaria, Spain. One seedling was selected from the offspring in 1997. Selection criteria were growth habit and flower colour.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'Fip 440' were conducted in a greenhouse during the spring/summer of 2002 in Langley, British Columbia. The trials included fifteen plants per variety. All plants were grown from 6 week old rooted cuttings transplanted into 9 cm pots at 12 weeks using a 60:40 (peat : perlite) media mixture. At 23 weeks, the seedlings were repotted to 18 cm pots. Plants were spaced as needed to ensure uniform growth. Unless indicated otherwise, measured characteristics were based on 10 measurements.

Comparison tables for 'Fip 440' with reference variety 'Fisglori'

Plant height (cm)

  'Fip 440' 'Fisglori'
mean 32.4 25.9
std. deviation 4.477 2.079

Plant width (cm)

  'Fip 440' 'Fisglori'
mean 43.1 41
std. deviation 2.514 6.566

Number of branches

  'Fip 440' 'Fisglori'
mean 5.9 7.7
std. deviation 1.449 0.949

Colour of upper petal (RHS)

  'Fip 440' 'Fisglori'
upper side-margin N30A N40A
upper side-middle N30A/43C at base N40A/N40C at base
lower side N31B/43D at base 43D/41C at base

Colour of lower petal (RHS)

  'Fip 440' 'Fisglori'
upper side-margin N30A N40A
upper side-middle N30A N40A
lower side 41B/43D tones 43D/41C tones
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