Vitall

Peach

Denomination: 'Vitall'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'V851610'
Botanical Name: Prunus persica
Applicant/Holder: University of Guelph
Catalyst Centre
50 Stone Rd E, Ichthyology Building #92
Guelph, Ontario
N1G 2W1
Canada
Breeder: Neil Miles, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario
Jayasankar Subramanian, University of Guelph - Vineland Campus, Vineland Station, Ontario
Application Date: 2002-05-22
Application Number: 02-3105
Grant of Rights Date: 2008-11-01
Certificate Number: 3386
Date rights revoked: 2015-11-01

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Catherina', 'Babygold 5', 'Babygold 7' and 'Venture'

Summary: Flowering buds of 'V851610' are generally isolated, whereas those of 'Catherina', 'Babygold 5', 'Babygold 7' and 'Venture' are generally grouped. 'V851610' has smaller petals than 'Catherina'. The time of maturity of 'V851610' is much later than 'Catherina', 'Babygold 5' and 'Babygold 7', and later than 'Venture'. The fruit of 'V851610' is slightly flat in profile, whereas that of 'Catherina', 'Babygold 5' and 'Venture' is rounded, and that of 'Babygold 7' is ovate. The ground colour of the fruit skin of 'V851610' is orange-yellow, whereas it is greenish-yellow for 'Babygold 5' and 'Babygold 7', and cream-yellow for 'Venture'. The proportion of the fruit surface with anthocyanin colouration is very low in 'V851610', and very high in 'Venture'. Fruits of 'V851610' have no anthocyanin around the stone, whereas those of 'Babygold 5', 'Babygold 7' and 'Venture' do. The size of the stone compared to the fruit is smaller in 'V851610' than in 'Babygold 5' and 'Babygold 7'.

Description:

TREE: normal type, moderate vigour, semi-erect
BARK: greyed green bark, greyed green winter bark

LEAF BLADE: medium in size, upfolded, tip recurved downwards, right angle or nearly right angle at base, acute angle at tip, no anthocyanin colouration, absent to weak serration
PETIOLE: medium in length, normally more than two kidney-shaped nectaries
STIPULE: short
FLOWERING SHOOT: moderate anthocyanin colouration, moderate density of flower buds, generally isolated flower buds

FLOWERING: mid-season to late, short period
FLOWER: campanulate
CALYX: greenish yellow
PETAL: five, elongated, small to medium in size, light blue pink, absent to weak striping
ANTHERS: stamens equal in length to petals, presence of pollen
OVARY: always a pistil, stigma above anthers, pubescent

FRUIT: large, slightly flat in profile, dimpled tip, symmetric along the suture, low suture, weak to medium tendency to fall naturally, very late maturing, short picking season
STALK CAVITY: shallow to medium in depth, narrow to medium in width
SKIN: orange-yellow ground colour, sparse to moderate pubescence, thin to moderately thick, orange red marbled anthocyanin colouration covering less than a quarter of the skin surface
FLESH: strong adherence to skin, moderately firm, yellow to orange yellow, no anthocyanin, no anthocyanin directly under skin, no anthocyanin colouration around the stone, not stringy, melting texture, very sweet to intermediate acidity, intermediate juiciness to juicy

STONE: small to medium in size, ovoid, tan, absent or very low percentage of split or shattered stones, moderate adherence to flesh

DISEASE RESISTANCE: moderate resistance to canker (Cytospora spp.), susceptible to bacterial spot (Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni)
COLD HARDINESS: medium hardy

Origin & Breeding History: The variety 'V851610' was developed at the Horticultural Research Institute of Ontario, Vineland Station, the tree fruit research station from the University of Guelph. The new peach variety arose from a cross between varieties 'New Jersey Cling 95' and 'V68051' made in 1985.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'V851610' were conducted at the Vineland Campus of the Department of Plant Agriculture of the University of Guelph, Vineland Station, Ontario. The trial included 4 trees of each variety. All colour measurements were made using the 1966 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.


Comparison tables for 'Vitall' with reference varieties 'Catherina', 'Babygold 5', 'Babygold 7' and 'Venture'

Length of leaf (mm)

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
mean 112.7 143.7 151.5 156.8 144.4
std. deviation 8.79 5.44 10.35 9.10 10.44

Width of leaf (mm)

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
mean 35.7 36.5 46.0 43.9 37.8
std. deviation 3.35 2.46 2.87 2.81 3.97

Colour of calyx

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
(RHS) 147D 147B 60C 60D 60D

Colour of petals

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
(RHS) 73C 65D 70D 62C 62C

Ground colour of skin

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
(RHS) 16B 16C 13D 4B 1D

Anthocyanin colouration of skin

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
(RHS) 33B 33B 48C 48C 45D

Ground colour of flesh

  'Vitall' 'Catherina' 'Babygold 5' 'Babygold 7' 'Venture'
(RHS) 16B 21B 19B 7C 18A

Click on image for larger view
Vitall
Peach: 'V851610' (left) with reference varieties 'Catherina' (centre left), 'Babygold 5' (centre), 'Babygold 7' (centre right) and 'Venture' (right)

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