Oriental Poppy

Denomination: 'Mandarin'
Botanical Name: Papaver orientale
Applicant/Holder: Future Plants Licentie B.V.
Turfspoor 53A
2165 AW
Breeder: Hubertus Gerardus Oudshoorn, Rijpwetering, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: Variety Rights Management
475 County Road 18
R.R. #2
Oxford Station, Ontario
K0G 1T0
Tel: 613-258-9015
Application Date: 2005-04-26
Application Number: 05-4797
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-01-28
Certificate Number: 3753
Date rights revoked: 2017-01-28

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Princess of Orange', 'Allegro' and 'Firefly'

Summary: 'Mandarin' has taller plants than 'Firefly' and 'Allegro' but shorter than 'Princess of Orange'. The plants of 'Mandarin' are wider than all the reference varieties. 'Mandarin' has a longer peduncle than either 'Allegro' or 'Firefly'. The petals of 'Mandarin' are orange red, whereas the petals of 'Firefly' are red. The petal blotch of 'Mandarin' is a band type, whereas 'Princess of Orange' and 'Allegro' have an entire blotch that extends to the base of the petal. The blotch of 'Mandarin' is smaller than that of 'Firefly'. 'Mandarin' has violet filaments and anthers, compared with 'Firefly' which has blackish filaments and anthers.


PLANT: perennial, upright-bushy growth habit
STEM: no anthocyanin, no glaucosity, dense pubescence

LEAF: simple, alternate and rosette arrangement
LEAF BLADE: oblanceolate shape, acute apex, lobed margin, medium pubescence on upper side, medium green, no variegation, no petiole

PEDUNCLE: no anthocyanin
FLOWERING PERIOD: one per season, early, short
FLOWER: simple, terminal, erect
PETAL: overlapping to very overlapping, few in number, broad reniform shape, orange red upper and lower sides, band type brown purple blotch, no incisions on margin
STAMENS: violet filament, violet anther

Origin & Breeding History: 'Mandarin' was discovered and selected in the nursery of the breeder, Mr. H.G. Oudshoorn in Rijpwetering, the Netherlands, in 2001. The objective of the breeding program was to create new Papaver orientale cultivars with improved form as well as improved floral traits.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Mandarin' were conducted during the summer of 2008 at Oxford Station, Ontario. The trials consisted of 10 plants of each variety, grown in field plots. The plants were spaced approximately 45 cm within the row and 1 metre between the rows. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety. All colour measurements were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Mandarin' with reference varieties 'Princess of Orange', 'Allegro' and 'Firefly'

Plant height (cm)

  'Mandarin' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Firefly'
mean 52.70 69.13 45.88 42.56
std. deviation 8.83 6.96 4.91 6.93

Plant width (cm)

  'Mandarin' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Firefly'
mean 51.11 43.25 35.10 43.89
std. deviation 6.55 6.07 4.21 8.83

Peduncle length (cm)

  'Mandarin' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Firefly'
mean 49.80 51.40 36.40 39.60
std. deviation 4.32 7.92 7.54 2.07

Colour of petal (RHS)

  'Mandarin' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Firefly'
upper side 32A-33B 32A 30A 34A
lower side 32A-33B 32A 30A 34A
blotch 187A N186A N186C-D N186A

Click on image for larger view
Oriental Poppy: 'Mandarin' (bottom left) with reference varieties 'Firefly' (top left), 'Allegro' (top right) and 'Princess of Orange' (bottom right)

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