Oriental Poppy

Denomination: 'Firefly'
Botanical Name: Papaver orientale
Applicant/Holder: Future Plants Licentie B.V.
Turfspoor 53A
2165 AW
Breeder: Hubertus Gerardus Oudshoorn, Rijpwetering, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: Variety Rights Management
475 County Road 18
R.R. #2
Oxford Station, Ontario
K0G 1T0
Tel: 613-258-9015
Application Date: 2005-04-26
Application Number: 05-4795
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-01-28
Certificate Number: 3752
Date rights revoked: 2017-01-28

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Princess of Orange', 'Allegro' and 'Mandarin'

Summary: 'Firefly' has shorter plants than all reference varieties. The plants of 'Firefly' are wider than 'Allegro' but narrower than 'Mandarin'. 'Firefly' has longer peduncles than 'Allegro' but they are shorter than the peduncles of 'Princess of Orange' and 'Mandarin'. The petals of 'Firefly' have a broad reniform shape, while the petals of 'Princess of Orange' are obovate. All varieties have reddish petals, however, 'Firefly' petals are redder and the reference varieties are more orange red. The petal blotch of 'Firefly' is a band type, whereas 'Princess of Orange' and 'Allegro' have an entire blotch that extends to the base of the petal. The blotch of 'Mandarin' is smaller than that of 'Firefly'. 'Firefly' has blackish filaments and anthers, while 'Mandarin' and 'Allegro' have violet filaments and anthers.


PLANT: perennial, upright-bushy growth habit
STEM: no anthocyanin, no glaucosity, dense pubescence

LEAF: simple, alternate and rosette arrangement
LEAF BLADE: oblanceolate shape, acute apex, lobed margin, dense pubescence on upper side, medium to dark green, no variegation, no petiole

PEDUNCLE: no anthocyanin
FLOWERING PERIOD: one per season, early, short
FLOWER: simple, terminal, erect
PETAL: overlapping to very overlapping, few in number, broad reniform shape, red upper and lower sides, band type black blotch, no incisions on margin
STAMENS: blackish filament, blackish anther

Origin & Breeding History: 'Firefly' was discovered and selected in the nursery of the breeder, Mr. H.G. Oudshoorn in Rijpwetering, the Netherlands, in 2001. The objective of the breeding program was to create new Papaver orientale cultivars with improved form as well as improved floral traits.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Firefly' were conducted during the summer of 2008 at Oxford Station, Ontario. The trials consisted of 10 plants of each variety, grown in field plots. The plants were spaced approximately 45 cm within the row and 1 metre between the rows. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety. All colour measurements were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Firefly' with reference varieties 'Princess of Orange', 'Allegro' and 'Mandarin'

Plant height (cm)

  'Firefly' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Mandarin'
mean 42.56 69.13 45.88 52.70
std. deviation 6.93 6.96 4.91 8.83

Plant width (cm)

  'Firefly' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Mandarin'
mean 43.89 43.25 35.10 51.11
std. deviation 8.78 6.07 4.21 6.55

Peduncle length (cm)

  'Firefly' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Mandarin'
mean 39.60 51.40 36.40 49.80
std. deviation 2.07 7.92 7.54 4.32

Colour of petal (RHS)

  'Firefly' 'Princess of Orange' 'Allegro' 'Mandarin'
upper side 34A 32A 30A 32A-33B
lower side 34A 32A 30A 32A-33B
blotch N186A N186A N186C-D 187A

Click on image for larger view
Oriental Poppy: 'Firefly' (top left) with reference varieties 'Mandarin' (bottom left), 'Allegro' (top right) and 'Princess of Orange' (bottom right)

Date modified: