Oriental Poppy

Denomination: 'Carmen'
Botanical Name: Papaver orientale
Applicant/Holder: Future Plants Licentie B.V.
Turfspoor 53A
2165 AW
Breeder: Hubertus Gerardus Oudshoorn, Rijpwetering, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: Variety Rights Management
475 County Road 18
R.R. #2
Oxford Station, Ontario
K0G 1T0
Tel: 613-258-9015
Application Date: 2005-04-26
Application Number: 05-4792
Grant of Rights Date: 2011-12-12
Certificate Number: 4242
Date rights surrendered: 2015-12-12

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Matador', 'Scarlet O'Hara' and 'Allegro'

Summary: The leaf blade of 'Carmen' is shorter than the leaf blade of 'Matador' and longer than the leaf blade of 'Allegro'. The flower of 'Carmen' is smaller in diameter than the flower of 'Scarlet O'Hara'. The upper and lower side of the petal of 'Carmen' is a lighter red than the petal of 'Scarlet O'Hara' and a darker red than the petals of 'Matador' and 'Allegro', which are more orange red.


PLANT: bushy-rounded growth habit, sparse branching
STEM: medium green, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration, absent or very weak glaucosity, medium to dense pubescence

LEAF: alternate and rosette arrangement, simple, oblanceolate, acute apex, lobed margin, medium to dense pubescence on upper side, medium green on upper side

PEDUNCLE: absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration

FLOWER: one short flowering period, early time of flowering, simple type, erect attitude
PETAL: overlapping to very overlapping, few in number, reniform shape, upper side red (RHS 45B-C), lower side red (RHS 45C), spot type petal blotch present, black (RHS 202A) blotch, sinuate incisions present, undulated margin
FILAMENT: violet
ANTHER: violet to blackish.

Origin & Breeding History: The variety 'Carmen' was discovered and selected by the breeder in Rijpwetering, The Netherlands in 2001. The objective of the breeding program was to create new poppy varieties with improved form and improved floral traits.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Carmen' were conducted during the summer of 2010 in Oxford Station, Ontario. Ten plants of the candidate variety, ten plants of the reference 'Matador', fourteen plants of the reference 'Scarlet O'Hara' and seven plants of the reference 'Allegro' were grown in field plots. Plants were spaced approximately 45 cm apart within the row and rows were spaced one metre apart. Observations and measurements were taken on ten plants of the candidate variety and the reference varieties 'Matador' and 'Scarlet O'Hara', and seven plants of the reference 'Allegro'. Colours were determined using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Carmen' with reference varieties 'Matador', 'Scarlet O'Hara' and 'Allegro'

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Carmen' 'Matador' 'Scarlet O'Hara' 'Allegro'
mean 32.00 38.89 33.43 23.50
std. deviation 3.74 2.37 2.76 2.69

Flower diameter (cm)

  'Carmen' 'Matador' 'Scarlet O'Hara' 'Allegro'
mean 10.36 11.06 13.58 10.64
std. deviation 0.94 0.93 1.05 0.85

Colour of petal (RHS)

  'Carmen' 'Matador' 'Scarlet O'Hara' 'Allegro'
upper side 45B-C 44A-B 46B-C N30A
lower side 45C 44C 46C 30A

Click on image for larger view
Oriental Poppy: 'Carmen' (top left) with reference varieties 'Matador' (top right), 'Scarlet O'Hara' (bottom left) and 'Allegro' (bottom right)

Click on image for larger view
Oriental Poppy: 'Carmen' (top left) with reference varieties 'Matador' (top right), 'Scarlet O'Hara' (bottom left) and 'Allegro' (bottom right)

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