Oriental Poppy

Denomination: 'Papillon'
Botanical Name: Papaver orientale
Applicant/Holder: Future Plants Licentie B.V.
Turfspoor 53A
2165 AW
Breeder: Hubertus Gerardus Oudshoorn, Rijpwetering, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: Variety Rights Management
475 County Road 18
R.R. #2
Oxford Station, Ontario
K0G 1T0
Tel: 613-258-9015
Application Date: 2002-08-29
Application Number: 02-3224
Grant of Rights Date: 2009-02-17
Certificate Number: 3449
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2027-02-17

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Patty's Plum'

Summary: 'Papillon' has a larger flower diameter than 'Patty's Plum'. The flower colour of 'Papillon' is blue pink to blue pink brown purple while it is violet blue pink to brown purple for 'Patty's Plum'. 'Papillon' has a larger black splotch near the base of the flower petal than 'Patty's Plum'.


PLANT: vegetatively propagated, perennial, bushy-rounded growth habit, sparse branching
STEM: medium green, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration, absent or very weak glaucosity, dense pubescence

LEAF: alternate arrangement with rosette arrangement around the base of the plant, simple type, oblanceolate, acute apex, lobed, medium pubescence on upper side, medium green on upper side, no variegation, no petiole

PEDUNCLE: absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration
FLOWER: one early flowering period of short duration, simple type, terminal position, erect attitude
PETAL: overlapping to very overlapping arrangement, few, obovate to rounded, upper side blue pink to blue pink/brown purple, fades to light blue violet, lower side blue pink, black blotch present near base, no incisions
FILAMENT: violet to blackish
ANTHER: blackish

Origin & Breeding History: 'Papillon' was discovered in Rijpwetering, the Netherlands in 2000 from seedlings produced from an open pollination of the species Papaver orientale in 1999. It was selected based on its flower colour, short habit and suitability for pot production.

Tests & Trials: Trials occurred during the summer of 2007 in Oxford Station, Ontario. 10 plants of 'Papillon' were field planted in a row. 3 plants of 'Patty's Plum' were individually grown outdoors in 1 gallon plastic pots.

Comparison tables for 'Papillon' with reference variety 'Patty's Plum'

Flower diameter (cm)

  'Papillon' 'Patty's Plum'
mean 14.17 10.75
std. deviation 2.05 1.08

Flower petal colour (RHS)

  'Papillon' 'Patty's Plum'
upper side 186D to 186C/B N80D/186C to 186B/A
lower side 186D 185D
blotch 202A 202A

Click on image for larger view
Oriental Poppy: 'Papillon' (left) with reference variety 'Patty's Plum' (right)

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