Denomination: 'Kirine-44'
Trade name: Angelart Almond Improved
Botanical Name: Nemesia
Applicant/Holder: Dummen Group B.V.
P.O. Box 26
Coldenhovelaan 6, 2678 PS
De Lier
Breeder: Daigaku Takeshita, Kirin Agribio Company, Limited, Tokyo, Japan
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2008-11-28
Application Number: 08-6472
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-06-21
Certificate Number: 3886
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2028-06-21

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Juicy Fruits Citron' and 'Tiktoc' (Compact Innocence)

Summary: The plants of 'Kirine-44' are less dense than those of 'Tiktoc' and have thicker stems than both reference varieties. 'Kirine-44' has shorter leaves than 'Juicy Fruits Citron' and longer leaves than 'Tiktoc'. 'Kirine-44' has a broader corolla than both reference varieties. The inner side of the upper lobes of the corolla of 'Kirine-44' are white whereas those of 'Juicy Fruits Citron' are yellow green. 'Kirine-44' has longer veins on the inner side of the upper corolla than the reference varieties. The basal blotch on the upper lobe of the corolla is moderately conspicuous and dark violet blue for 'Kirine-44' whereas it is weakly conspicuous and white to very light violet for 'Juicy Fruits Citron' and absent for 'Tiktoc'. The inner side of the lower lobe of the corolla of 'Kirine-44' has stronger undulation and stronger indentation of the margin than that of the reference varieties. 'Kirine-44' has no spur on the lower lobe of the corolla wheras both reference varieties do have a spur.


PLANT: semi-upright to spreading growth habit, moderate density

LEAF BLADE: medium number of medium deep indentations of the margin, no variegation, medium green on upper side, petiole present

INFLORESCENCE: medium density, weak flower fragrance
COROLLA: weak colour change with age
UPPER LOBES OF COROLLA: white on inner side, white with light blue violet along midvein on outer side, medium long violet blue veins, basal blotch is medium in size, of moderate conspicuousness and dark violet blue
UPPER LOBES OF COROLLA (LATERAL LOBES): moderately shorter length in relation to length of lower lobe, moderately outward attitude when viewed from the front, in line with to slightly behind central lobes when viewed from the side, rounded apex
LOWER LOBE OF COROLLA: weak to moderately incurved, weak curvature in cross-section, strong undulation, moderate indentation of margin, inner side is white with light yellow secondary colour surrounding palate, outer side is white
PALATE: medium to large size relative to size of lower lobe of corolla, yellow orange, dense hairs
SPUR: absent

Origin & Breeding History: 'Kirine-44' was developed by the breeder, Mr. Daigaku Takeshita, an employee of Kirin Agribio Co., Ltd., in Tochigi, Japan. It originated from a controlled cross made in February 2007 in Tochigi, Japan, between two unnamed proprietary seedlings. 'Kirine-44' was selected from the resulting progeny in September 2007 in De Lier, the Netherlands, based on its plant habit, better branching, flower size and flower colour. Asexual reproduction by cuttings was first conducted in the autumn of 2007 in De Lier, the Netherlands.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Kirine-44' were conducted in a polyhouse during the spring of 2009 at BioFlora Inc. in St. Thomas, Ontario. It included a total of 15 plants per variety. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 11.5 cm pots on April 7, 2009. Measured characteristics were based on measurements taken from 10 plants or parts of plants on May 11, 2009. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Kirine-44' with reference varieties 'Juicy Fruits Citron' and 'Tiktoc'

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Kirine-44' 'Juicy Fruits Citron' 'Tiktoc'
mean 3.9 5.5 2.3
std. deviation 0.25 0.44 0.21

Corolla width (cm)

  'Kirine-44' 'Juicy Fruits Citron' 'Tiktoc'
mean 3.1 2.6 1.7
std. deviation 0.26 0.16 0.21

Colour of corolla (RHS)

  'Kirine-44' 'Juicy Fruits Citron' 'Tiktoc'
upper lobes, inner side white-155C 1C white
upper lobes, outer side white-155C with 69C midvein closest to 4D white
lower lobe, inner side - main colour white-155C lighter than 2B white
lower lobe, inner side - secondary colour 9D N/A N/A
lower lobe, outer side white closest to 4D white

Click on image for larger view
Nemesia: 'Kirine-44' (left) with reference varieties 'Juicy Fruits Citron' (centre) and 'Tiktoc' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Nemesia: 'Kirine-44' (left) with reference varieties 'Juicy Fruits Citron' (centre) and 'Tiktoc' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Nemesia: 'Kirine-44' (left) with reference varieties 'Juicy Fruits Citron' (centre) and 'Tiktoc' (right)

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