Denomination: 'Balarwite'
Trade name: Aromatica White
Botanical Name: Nemesia caerulea
Applicant/Holder: Ball Horticultural Company
622 Town Road
West Chicago, Illinois
United States of America
Breeder: Ball Horticultural Company, West Chicago, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2005-02-10
Application Number: 05-4560
Date Withdrawn: 2007-07-05

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Balarcomwit' (Aromatica White) and 'Tiktoc' (Compact Innocence)

Summary: The plants of 'Balarwite' have a more spreading growth habit and greater density with longer leaves than those of the reference varieties. 'Balarwite' has a longer corolla and longer corolla spur than 'Tiktoc'. The central and lateral corolla lobes of the upper lip are more weakly reflexed for 'Balarwite' than 'Tiktoc'. 'Balarwite' has a larger lower lip of the corolla than 'Tiktoc'. The palate of 'Balarwite' is yellow orange while it is yellow for the reference varieties.


PLANT: semi-erect growth habit, dense, many branches, short, very thin stems

LEAF: medium to long, narrow to medium in width, dentate margin, lanceolate, medium green, no anthocyanin colouration, petiole present

PEDICEL: short
CALYX: moderate pubescence on margins only
COROLLA SPUR: straight to slightly curved, equal in length to lower corolla lobe, short
COROLLA: short, narrow, no change of colour as flower ages
UPPER LIP OF COROLLA: uniform colour distribution, white (155D) with no secondary colour, no spot/marking at base
CENTRAL LOBES OF UPPER LIP OF COROLLA: no undulation of margin, very weak reflexing, short, narrow
LOWER LIP OF COROLLA: white (155D) with no secondary colour, moderate undulation of margin, strong reflexing, very short to short, narrow
PALATE: yellow orange, small

Origin & Breeding History: 'Balarwite' originated from a cross conducted on August 15, 2002 between the female parent, Nemesia selection 'NCT-2562' characterized by its white flowers, medium green leaves and compact, upright growth habit and an unidentified male parent. This cross was part of a controlled breeding program which took place in Arroyo, California, U.S.A. The initial selection of 'Balarwite' was made on November 20, 2002.

Tests & Trials: The tests and trials for 'Balarwite' were conducted in a greenhouse at BioFlora Inc. in St. Thomas, Ontario during the spring of 2006. The trial included 15 plants of each variety. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 11 cm pots on March 31, 2006. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on May 5, 2006. All colour characteristics were determined using the 2001 Royal Horticultural society (RHS) colour chart.

Comparison tables for 'Balarwite' with reference varieties 'Balarcomwit' and 'Tiktoc'

Leaf length (mm)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
mean 35.8 22.8 25.3
std. deviation 3.19 2.44 3.37

Corolla length (mm)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
mean 16.7 16.3 13.8
std. deviation 0.95 3.30 2.44

Corolla spur length (mm)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
mean 7.5 8.0 6.7
std. deviation 0.69 0.67 0.48

Length of lower lip of corolla (mm)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
mean 10.4 10.3 8.9
std. deviation 0.52 0.82 0.57

Width of lower lip of corolla (mm)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
mean 11.0 11.2 7.4
std. deviation 0.47 0.92 0.97

Colour of palate (RHS)

  'Balarwite' 'Balarcomwit' 'Tiktoc'
main 14A 7A 9A

Click on image for larger view
Nemesia: 'Balarwite' (left) with reference varieties 'Balarcomwit' (center) and 'Tiktoc' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Nemesia: 'Balarwite' (left) with reference varieties 'Balarcomwit' (center) and 'Tiktoc' (right)

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