Shasta Daisy

Denomination: 'LEUZ0001'
Trade name: Freak!
Botanical Name: Leucanthemum maximum
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Participations AG
Schwarzwaldallee 215
Breeder: Henricus G.W. Stemkens, Syngenta Seeds B.V., Enkhuizen, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2013-04-26
Application Number: 13-8021
Grant of Rights Date: 2017-01-30
Certificate Number: 5413
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2037-01-30

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Lacrosse' and 'Snowcap'

Summary: The plants of 'LEUZ0001' are broader with an upright-bushy growth habit whereas the plants of 'Lacrosse' have a narrow, upright growth habit. The leaf of 'LEUZ0001' is longer than the leaf of 'Lacrosse'. The flower type of 'LEUZ0001' is semi-double whereas the flower type of the reference varieties is single. The flower head of 'LEUZ0001' has ligulate ray florets and is larger in diameter than the flower head of 'Lacrosse' which has spatulate ray florets. The tip of the ray floret is deeply dentate for 'LEUZ0001' whereas the tip is medium depth dentate for 'Lacrosse' and shallow dentate for 'Snowcap'. The ray floret of 'LEUZ0001' is larger than the ray floret of 'Lacrosse'. The disc of 'LEUZ0001' has petaloid disc florets whereas the disc of the reference varieties do not have petaloid disc florets.


PLANT: upright-bushy growth habit

LEAF: opposite arrangement along stem, lanceolate shape, acute apex, attenuate base, dentate margin, medium green on upper side, absent or very sparse pubescence of upper side, sessile

FLOWERING: begins mid-season
PEDUNCLE: medium thickness
FLOWER HEAD: semi-double type, predominant ray floret is ligulate type, secondary ray floret is the inner floret which may be deeply incised and falcate shaped, 40 to 80 ray florets
RAY FLORET: deeply dentate tip, when fully open inner and outer sides are white (RHS NN155B-C), no colour change with age
DISC FLORET: yellow (darker than RHS 9A) before anther dehiscence, lighter yellow (RHS 7A) after anther dehiscence

Origin & Breeding History: 'LEUZ0001' was bred and developed by the breeder, Henricus Godefridus Wilhelmus Stemkens, an employee of Syngenta Participations AG, in Enkhuizen, Netherlands, as part of a controlled breeding program. It originated from a cross conducted on August 15, 2006, in Enkhuizen, between a proprietary line designated 'F2764-1', as the female parent, and a proprietary line designated 'F2772-5', as the male parent. From the resulting progeny, 'LEUZ0001' was selected in July 2007 for its semi-double type flowers, early flowering time, compact and freely branching plant growth habit.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial of 'LEUZ0001' was conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2015 at BioFlora Inc., in St. Thomas, Ontario. It included a total of 20 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings that were each transplanted into a 4.4 litre container on April 19, 2015. The observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants, or parts of plants, of the candidate and reference varieties on July 7, 2015. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'LEUZ0001' with reference varieties 'Lacrosse' and 'Snowcap'

Plant width (cm)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 36.6 24.4 34.4
std. deviation 3.53 1.74 3.41

Leaf length (cm)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 9.4 5.8 10.5
std. deviation 0.59 0.44 0.61

Flower head diameter (cm)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 6.9 5.1 7.0
std. deviation 0.52 0.29 0.18

Number of ray florets per flower head (count)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 57.6 30.8 22.2
range 40-80 26-35 19-31

Ray floret length (cm)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 2.9 1.6 2.9
std. deviation 0.25 0.14 0.15

Ray floret width (cm)

  'LEUZ0001' 'Lacrosse' 'Snowcap'
mean 0.8 0.5 1.0
std. deviation 0.10 0.12 0.12

Click on image for larger view
Shasta Daisy: 'LEUZ0001' (left) with reference varieties 'Lacrosse' (centre) and 'Snowcap' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Shasta Daisy: 'LEUZ0001' (left) with reference varieties 'Lacrosse' (centre) and 'Snowcap' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Shasta Daisy: 'LEUZ0001' (left) with reference varieties 'Lacrosse' (centre) and 'Snowcap' (right)

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