Meringue

Coneflower

Denomination: 'Meringue'
Botanical Name: Echinacea purpurea
Applicant/Holder: AB Kwekersrechten B.V.
Burg. Tonckensstraat 47
7921 KB
Zuidwolde
Netherlands
Breeder: Arie Blom, Vleuten, Netherlands
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Canada
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2008-07-03
Application Number: 08-6399
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-08-27
Certificate Number: 3930
Date rights surrendered: 2015-08-21

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Coconut Lime'

Summary: The plants of 'Meringue' are shorter than those of 'Coconut Lime'. 'Meringue' has narrower leaves than 'Coconut Lime'. The leaves of 'Meringue' are elliptic to lanceolate with medium undulation of the margin while those of 'Coconut Lime' are ovate with weak undulation of the margin. 'Meringue' has a light green calyx while 'Coconut Lime' has a medium green calyx. 'Meringue' has larger discs and higher cones than 'Coconut Lime'. The disc florets of 'Meringue' are larger than those of 'Coconut Lime'.

Description:

PLANT: upright growth habit, basal branching
STEM: medium thickness, smooth, light green, dense pubescence, no anthocyanin colouration

LEAF: alternate arrangement, elliptic to lanceolate, acute apex, cuneate to attenuate base, irregularly dentate margin, medium undulation of margin, medium green on upper side, weak pubescence, no glossiness, no anthocyanin colouration on upper side, petiole present

PEDUNCLE: no waviness
CALYX: light green, reflexing of sepals present
FLOWER: anemone
RAY FLORET: straight to downward with aging along longitudinal axis, reflexing of tip, lanceolate, fringed apex, upper side white (RHS 155C) with light green (RHS 145C) at the tip of apex, lower side yellow green (RHS 2D) with light green (RHS 145C) at the tip of apex
DISC FLORET: dark green before dehiscence, dense, petaloid, white (RHS NN155A) with light yellow (RHS 11B) along apex, pollen yellow orange (RHS 13A)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Meringue' originated from a cross conducted in July 2004, in IJsselstein, The Netherlands, between the female parent, proprietary seedling Ec 301-36 and the male parent, proprietary seedling Ec 202-02. The new Echinacea variety was selected by the breeder, Arie Blom, in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands, in September 2006 based on growth habit, flower colour, cone colour, flower form and flower adundance. In vitro propagation, by tissue culture of 'Meringue' was first conducted in September 2006, in The Netherlands.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Meringue' were conducted in an outdoor container trial during the summer of 2009, in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included 15 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings planted into 4 litre containers on June 12, 2009. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on August 10, 2009 and September 10, 2009 (for plant size and disc characteristics). All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.


Comparison tables for 'Meringue' with reference variety 'Coconut Lime'

Plant height (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 37.7 48.8
std. deviation 2.45 4.18

Leaf width (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 3.7 4.5
std. deviation 0.44 0.52

Disc diameter (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 6.5 4.8
std. deviation 0.42 0.41

Disc: height of cone (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 3.1 2.4
std. deviation 0.32 0.32

Disc floret length (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 2.7 1.9
std. deviation 0.16 0.13

Disc floret width (cm)

  'Meringue' 'Coconut Lime'
mean 0.5 0.3
std. deviation 0.12 0.05

Click on image for larger view
Meringue
Coneflower: 'Meringue' (left) with reference variety 'Coconut Lime' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Meringue
Coneflower: 'Meringue' (left) with reference variety 'Coconut Lime' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Meringue
Coneflower: 'Meringue' (left) with reference variety 'Coconut Lime' (right)

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