Krakowiak

Clematis

Denomination: 'Krakowiak'
Trade name: Pink Mink
Botanical Name: Clematis
Applicant/Holder: Spring Meadow Nursery, Inc.
12601 120th Avenue
Grand Haven, Michigan
49417
United States of America
Breeder: Szczepan Marczynski, Pruszków, Poland
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Canada
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2012-09-20
Application Number: 12-7759
Grant of Rights Date: 2015-12-18
Certificate Number: 5159
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2035-12-18

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Abundance'

Summary: The pedicel of 'Krakowiak' is shorter than that of 'Abundance'. The flower of 'Krakowiak' is smaller in diameter than that of 'Abundance'. The sepal of 'Krakowiak' is narrower than the sepal of 'Abundance'. When newly open, the inner side of the sepal of 'Krakowiak' is purple with darker purple to blue pink along the veins and central bar while that of 'Abundance' is darker purple with darker purple along the veins. When fully open, the inner side of the sepal of 'Krakowiak' is purple with darker purple to blue pink along the veins and central bar while that of 'Abundance' is purple with darker purple along the veins and at apex. The outer side of the sepal of 'Krakowiak' is light blue violet with blue pink at the apex and along the main vein whereas that of 'Abundance' is violet with a light blue violet to white central bar. The anther and style of 'Krakowiak' are yellow green while they are purple for 'Abundance'. The stigma of 'Krakowiak' is green whereas it is red to purple for 'Abundance'.

Description:

PLANT: climbing, medium to strong vigour, medium density of pubescence on young shoot

LEAF: mostly ternate type
TERMINAL LEAFLET: ovate shape, cuspidate apex, acute base, entire margin, lobing is absent and present, two lobes when lobing is present, deep sinuses between lobes, medium green on upper side, no variegation, moderate rugosity on upper side

FLOWERING: begins mid-season only on current season's growth
FLOWER: solitary and clustered arrangement, outwards and downwards attitude, single type, bell/campanulate shape when newly open, shape flattens with age, cross-section in lateral view is concave, absent or very weak fragrance
SEPAL: only four per flower, touching arrangement, obovate shape, concave in cross-section, strongly reflexed along longitudinal axis, cuspidate apex, base shape is type one, one colour on inner side; inner side is purple (RHS 70B) with purple to blue pink (RHS 71C-D) along veins and central bar when newly open, purple (lighter than RHS 70B) with purple to blue pink (RHS 71C-D) along veins and central bar when fully open; outer side is light blue violet (closest to RHS 76D) with blue pink (RHS N74D) at apex and along main vein; medium to strong undulation of margin, no twisting along longitudinal axis, no petaloid staminodes
STAMEN: greenish yellow filament, yellow green anther
STIGMA: green
STYLE: yellow green

Origin & Breeding History: 'Krakowiak' originated from an open pollinated cross conducted by the breeder, Szczepan Marczynski, between the female parent, an unknown Clematis viticella, and an unknown male parent in Pruszków, Poland in 2000. The resulting seed was collected in the same year. This variety was selected based on its abundant flowering, long flowering period, flower colour and leaf colour and appearance. 'Krakowiak' was first propagated asexually by cuttings in June 2004 in Pruszków, Poland.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'Krakowiak' was conducted in an outdoor container trial during the summer of 2014 at BioFlora Inc. in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included 8 plants of the candidate variety and 6 plants of the reference variety. All plants were grown from young plants and transplanted into 4.4 liter containers in September 2013, and further transplanted into 13 liter containers on June 11, 2014. Observations and measurements were taken from 8 plants of the candidate variety and 6 plants of the reference variety or 10 parts of plants of each variety on June 23, 2014. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.


Comparison tables for 'Krakowiak' with reference variety 'Abundance'

Peduncle length (cm)

  'Krakowiak' 'Abundance'
mean 5.6 9.1
std. deviation 0.62 1.09

Flower diameter (cm)

  'Krakowiak' 'Abundance'
mean 4.2 6.3
std. deviation 0.27 0.30

Sepal width (cm)

  'Krakowiak' 'Abundance'
mean 2.1 2.7
std. deviation 0.20 0.24

Colour of inner side of sepal (RHS)

  'Krakowiak' 'Abundance'
main- newly open 70B 72B with 71A-B veins
main- fully open lighter than 70B lighter than 72B with 71A-B veins, darker at apex
secondary 71C-D along veins and central bar N/A

Colour of outer side of sepal (RHS)

  'Krakowiak' 'Abundance'
main 76D N80C-D
secondary N74D at apex and along main vein 76D to N155B central bar

Click on image for larger view
Krakowiak
Clematis: 'Krakowiak' (left) with reference variety 'Abundance' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Krakowiak
Clematis: 'Krakowiak' (left) with reference variety 'Abundance' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Krakowiak
Clematis: 'Krakowiak' (left) with reference variety 'Abundance' (right)

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