Sunsenere

Cineraria

Denomination: 'Sunsenere'
Trade name: Magenta
Botanical Name: Senecio cruentus x S. heritieri
Applicant/Holder: Suntory Flowers Limited
Administrative Division
4-17-5 Shiba, Minato-ku
Tokyo
108-0014
Japan
Breeder: Kiyoshi Miyazaki, Shiga, Japan
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Canada
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 1999-07-09
Application Number: 99-1738
Protective direction granted: 1999-07-09
Grant of Rights Date: 2003-09-26
Certificate Number: 1594
Date rights surrendered: 2014-09-26

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Sunsenereba', 'Jester Carmine' and 'Jester Crimson'

Summary: 'Sunsenere' produces larger plants than the reference varieties. The leaves of 'Sunsenere' are smaller than those of 'Jester Carmine' and 'Jester Crimson'. Intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the stems for 'Sunsenere' is strong while it is weak to strong for 'Jester Carmine' and weak for 'Jester Crimson'. 'Sunsenere' has longer petioles and peduncles than the reference varieties. Diameter of the cyme for 'Sunsenere' is larger than that of the reference varieties. 'Sunsenere' has larger flowers with longer ray florets than 'Jester Carmine' and 'Jester Crimson'. The flowers of 'Sunsenere' have more ray florets than those of the reference varieties. 'Sunsenere' produces flowers that are violet in colour while those of the reference varieties are bi colour with white at the base of the ray florets.

Description:

'Sunsenere' is a vegetatively propagated, annual cineraria variety. The plant growth habit is upright-bushy and the degree of branching is medium to dense. The colour of the stem is medium green at the apex and purple at the base because of the strong intensity of anthocyanin colouration. Shape of the stems is smooth. The stems are small to medium in thickness with moderate to strong glaucosity and dense pubescence. Arrangement of the leaves is alternate. The leaf type is simple and the petiole is present. Stipules are present at the base of the petioles. The shape of the leaf blade is reniform with an acute shaped apex, a very open, cordate shaped base and a dentate to incised margin. Curvature of the leaf blade is absent and undulation of the margin is weak. Pubescence of the leaf blade is sparse to moderate on the upper side and dense to very dense on the lower side. Glaucosity on the upper side of the leaf blade is moderate. Main colour of the leaf blade is medium green on the upper side and light green on the lower side. Variegation of the leaf blade is absent.

Time of flowering for 'Sunsenere' is late in the season and lasts a moderate to long time. There is one flowering period. The inflorescence type is a cyme and the position of the flowers is both terminal and axillary. Attitude of the flowers is erect to semi-erect depending on their location within the cyme. The peduncle has absent to moderate intensity of anthocyanin colouration and sparse to moderate pubescence. Intensity of anthocyanin colouration of the pedicel is weak to moderate. The sepals are oblong to lanceolate in shape with an acute shaped apex and strong recurvature of the tip. The margin of the sepal is entire. Pubescence of the sepals is absent to very sparse on the upper and lower sides. The sepals have weak to moderate glaucosity. Main colour of the upper side of the sepals is dark green with no secondary colouration.

'Sunsenere' produces few ray florets per flower which are medium long to long and narrow. The length/width ratio of the ray floret is medium to high. The longitudinal axis of the majority of ray florets is incurving with a weak to moderate curvature. The ray floret is linear to oblong in shape with a praemorse shaped apex and weak recurvature of the tip. Pubescence on the outer side of the ray floret is absent. Main colour of the ray florets is violet on the inner side and violet with some purple on the outer side. Secondary colour on the inner side is distributed as a darker violet longitudinal stripe along each margin of the ray florets. The floret disc is violet in colour.

Origin & Breeding History: 'Sunsenere' originated from a cross between the female parent, Senecio cruentus 'Jupiter Crimson', and the pollen parent, Senecio heritierii, at the Hakushu Research Center of Suntory Ltd., Yamanashi-ken, Japan in January of 1995. It was grown from tissue culture and the botanical characteristics have been examined. The plants have been tested in pots since July 1996.

Tests & Trials: The test and trials for 'Sunsenere' were conducted at Norseco Inc., in Boisbriand, Quebec in the winter of 2001. There were 15 plants per variety and they were grown in a poly-house. The plants were grown in 15 cm pots and spaced approximately 20 cm apart.


Comparison tables for 'Sunsenere' with reference varieties 'Sunsenereba', 'Jester Carmine' and 'Jester Crimson'

Plant height (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 30.3 28.8 19.8 18.3
std. deviation 1.68 1.06 2.64 2.52
number measured 19 18 15 14

Plant width (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 35.9 27.0 28.3 25.5
std. deviation 1.23 3.11 2.66 2.38
number measured 19 18 15 14

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 5.9 5.8 8.3 7.3
std. deviation 0.71 1.15 1.64 1.28
number measured 20 20 20 20

Leaf blade width (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 7.3 7.0 9.6 8.6
std. deviation 0.76 1.39 1.60 1.74
number measured 20 20 20 20

Petiole length (mm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 79 66 45 52
std. deviation 0.61 1.48 0.44 0.92
number measured 15 15 15 10

Peduncle length (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 9.3 7.0 5.2 4.8
std. deviation 1.98 2.10 2.14 1.35
number measured 15 15 15 15

Pedicel length (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 3.5 3.6 2.0 2.2
std. deviation 0.60 0.75 0.44 0.45
number measured 10 15 15 15

Colour of upper side of sepal (RHS)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
main 143B-143C 143B 143C 146B-146C
secondary N/A 79B 79A 79B

Diameter of cyme (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 14.0 12.6 8.4 11.0
std. deviation 1.21 1.90 1.21 1.81
number measured 10 10 10 10

Diameter of flower (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 5.6 5.8 3.6 4.0
std. deviation 0.38 0.62 0.57 0.51
number measured 15 15 15 15

Length of ray floret (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 2.3 2.5 1.4 1.6
std. deviation 0.15 0.16 0.26 0.10
number measured 10 10 10 10

Number of ray florets per flower (cm)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
mean 20.0 13.0 13.0 13.0
std. deviation 0.00 1.70 0.00 0.70
number measured 10 10 10 10

Main colour of ray floret (RHS)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
inner side 78A 78A 77C 75B-75C
outer side 78A & some 74A 78A & some 74A 80A & 74A 71A & some 61A

Secondary colour of ray floret (RHS)

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
inner side 77D 155D at base & 77D stripes 155D 155D
outer side N/A 155D 155D 155D

Colour of disc

  'Sunsenere' 'Sunsenereba' 'Jester Carmine' 'Jester Crimson'
RHS number 77A 77A 84A-84B 71A
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