|Trade name:||Red Springs|
|Botanical Name:||Chrysanthemum ×morifolium|
Syngenta Crop Protection AG
Wendy Bergman, Syngenta Flowers, Inc., Alva, United States of America
|Agent in Canada:||
38723 Fingal Line
St. Thomas, Ontario
Variety used for comparison: 'Red Yoirvine' (Irvine Red)
Summary: Just before opening, the colour of the outer side of the flower bud is orange brown for 'CIDZ0034' whereas the flower bud of 'Red Yoirvine' is brown red with brown purple at the base. The disc of 'CIDZ0034' is anemone type while the disc of 'Red Yoirvine' is daisy type. 'CIDZ0034' has a larger flower head diameter, and a longer ray floret than 'Red Yoirvine'. The height of the flower head of 'CIDZ0034' is low while the flower head of 'Red Yoirvine' is very low. The attitude of the basal part of the ray floret of 'CIDZ0034' is moderately ascending while the base of the ray floret of 'Red Yoirvine' is horizontal to moderately descending. The ratio of length to width of the ray floret of 'CIDZ0034' is high while it is medium for 'Red Yoirvine'. The colour of the outer side of the ray floret of 'CIDZ0034' is yellow brown with brown red mottling whereas the outer side of the ray floret of 'Red Yoirvine' is light yellow brown with red pink mottling. The disc diameter relative to the diameter of the flower head is medium for 'CIDZ0034' while it is small for 'Red Yoirvine'.
PLANT: pot chrysanthemum, bushy type, upright growth habit, sparse to medium branching
PETIOLE: attitude is moderately upwards, medium length relative to leaf length
LEAF: medium to high length to width ratio, length of terminal lobe relative to leaf length is medium, lowest lateral sinus is medium depth, margins of lowest lateral sinus are diverging, predominant shape of base is obtuse, weak to strong glossiness of upper side, medium to dark green on upper side, medium number of indentations of margin, shallow indentations of margin
FLOWER BUD: outer side is orange brown (RHS 179C) just before opening
FLOWER HEAD: semi-double, anemone type, low height in non-disbudded plants, one to two rows of ray florets, medium density of ray florets
RAY FLORET: ranging from 23 to 30 per flower head, ligulate type, attitude of basal part is moderately ascending, two keels on upper surface, very short corolla tube, flat in cross-section at widest point, no rolling of margins, longitudinal axis is weakly reflexed along distal quarter, high length to width ratio, mamillate tip, inner side is red (RHS 45A) with dark purple red (RHS 46A) tip, colour of outer side is markedly different from colour of inner side, outer side is yellow brown (RHS 168D) with brown red (RHS 180A) mottling
DISC: diameter relative to head diameter is medium, light yellow brown (closest to RHS 160A) before anther dehiscence, brown red (redder than RHS 179A) with yellow (RHS 3A) at margin at anther dehiscence
DISC FLORET: funnel type, outer side is light yellow brown (RHS 160B) with brown red (RHS 182A, 181C) stripes, inner side is brown red (redder than RHS 179A) with yellow (RHS 3A) margin
Origin & Breeding History: 'CIDZ0034' originated from a controlled cross-pollination conducted in March 2008, in Bogota, Columbia, as part of a controlled breeding program of Syngenta Flowers, Inc. The cross involved a proprietary line designated 'YB-B2899' as the female parent, and a proprietary line designated 'YB-B2956' as the male parent. The resultant seed was sown in a greenhouse in October 2008. 'CIDZ0034' was selected as a single plant from the progeny in March 2009 by the breeder, Wendy R. Bergman, based on its flower colour, and plant growth habit.
Tests & Trials: The trial for 'CIDZ0034' was conducted in the fall of 2012 at Meyers Fruit Farm in Niagara on the Lake, Ontario. Flowering trials were conducted under greenhouse conditions similar to those used in commercial Chrysanthemum production. 50 unrooted cuttings were stuck into 15 cm pots on August 18, 2012. There were 5 cuttings per pot and the pots were spaced 30 cm apart. The plants were pinched once prior to short day treatment. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants, or parts of plants, of the candidate and reference varieties on November 13, 2012. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.
Comparison tables for 'CIDZ0034' with reference variety 'Red Yoirvine'
Colour of flower bud just before opening (RHS)
|outer side||179C||closest to 181B-C with 184B base|
Flower head diameter (cm)
Ray floret length (cm)
Colour of ray floret (RHS)
|outer side||168D with 180A mottling||158B with 51C-D mottling|
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