Denomination: 'Yoveracruz'
Trade name: Veracruz
Botanical Name: Chrysanthemum
Applicant/Holder: Syngenta Crop Protection AG
Schwarzwaldallee 215
Breeder: Wendy Bergman, Syngenta Flowers, Inc., Alva, United States of America
Agent in Canada: Keepsake Plants, Ltd.
P.O. Box 370
268 Seacliff Drive West
Leamington, Ontario
N8H 3W3
Tel: 519-326-6121; Ext.224
Application Date: 2004-04-02
Application Number: 04-4164
Grant of Rights Date: 2007-11-22
Certificate Number: 3021
Date rights surrendered: 2008-11-21

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Golden State'

Summary: 'Yoveracruz' has shorter plants with shorter lower leaf lobes than 'Golden State'. The flower heads of 'Yoveracruz' are single and belong to the quill sub-type whereas those of 'Golden State' are anemone and belong to the daisy sub-type. The ray florets of 'Yoveracruz' have a longer corolla tube and shorter blade than those of 'Golden State'. The disc florets of 'Yoveracruz' are tubular while those of 'Golden State' are enlarged tubular.


PLANT: year round cultivation for pot production, spray flowering type, 8 week response group, short to medium height
STEM: no anthocyanin colouration

LEAF: long to very long, broad, broad wedged base
LATERAL LOBE: parallel to converging margins of sinus
LOWER LOBE: medium to long, medium to deep sinus

FLOWER HEAD: single, quill sub-type with spoon shaped apex, self-coloured, yellow colour group of medium intensity, medium to large diameter, no bracts among ray florets
RAY FLORET: very short to short blade with long to very long corolla tube, straight longitudinal axis of majority, spatulate almost quilled apex, dentate tip, yellow with faint light yellow brown over colour on upper side, light yellow with light brown under colour on lower side
DISC: green before anther dehiscence, yellow after anther dehiscence, medium diameter
DISC FLORET: tubular type, massed in centre of flower head, green yellow

Origin & Breeding History: 'Yoveracruz' is a product from a planned breeding program conducted by the breeder, Mrs. Wendy R. Bergman, an employee of Yoder Brothers, Inc. in Barberton, Ohio, USA. It originated from a cross made in May 1998 in Salinas, California, USA between Chrysanthemum variety 'Spears' as the female parent and a proprietary Chrysanthemum seedling selection designated 'YB-5897' as the male parent. 'Yoveracruz' was selected in March 1999 in Alva, Florida, USA based on its uniform plant growth habit, desirable inflorescence form and floret colours, fast response time and excellent post production longevity.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Yoveracruz' were conducted in the fall of 2006 at Yoder Canada Ltd. in Leamington, Ontario. They were performed under greenhouse conditions similar to those used in commercial Chrysanthemum production. 40 unrooted cuttings per variety were directly stuck into 15 cm pots with 4 cuttings per pot and 10 pots per variety. The pots were spaced 30 cm apart. The plants were pinched once prior to short day treatment. All plants had the centre bud removed. Measured characteristics were based on measurements taken from 10 plants or parts of plants on November 1, 2006. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticulture Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Yoveracruz' with reference variety 'Golden State'

Plant height (cm)

  'Yoveracruz' 'Golden State'
mean 21.0 23.9
std. deviation 1.76 1.66

Lower lobe of leaf length (cm)

  'Yoveracruz' 'Golden State'
mean 3.2 4.4
std. deviation 0.41 0.19

Ray floret blade length (cm)

  'Yoveracruz' 'Golden State'
mean 1.7 3.5
std. deviation 0.34 0.09

Ray floret corolla tube length (cm)

  'Yoveracruz' 'Golden State'
mean 3.6 0.7
std. deviation 0.40 0.13

Ray floret colour (RHS)

  'Yoveracruz' 'Golden State'
upper side 7B with faint 162A over colour 7C & 9A combined in checkerboard pattern
lower side 10B with faint 173D under colour 6C

Click on image for larger view
Chrysanthemum: 'Yoveracruz' (left) with reference variety 'Golden State' (right)

Date modified: