CDC Palmer

Chickpea

Denomination: 'CDC Palmer'
Previously Proposed Denomination: '1041-3'
Botanical Name: Cicer arietinum
Applicant/Holder: University of Saskatchewan
Crop Development Centre
4D36 Agriculture Building, 51 Campus Drive
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 5A8
Canada
Breeder: Bunyamin Taran, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Application Date: 2014-04-09
Application Number: 14-8267
Grant of Rights Date: 2017-03-24
Certificate Number: 5448
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2037-03-24

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'CDC Leader', 'CDC Frontier', 'Amit' and 'CDC Alma'

Summary: The leaflet of 'CDC Palmer' is longer than that of 'CDC Frontier'. The peduncle of 'CDC Palmer' is longer than that of 'Amit'. The pod of 'CDC Palmer' is wider than that of 'Amit'. The plants of 'CDC Palmer' are taller than those of 'CDC Alma'. The pods of 'CDC Palmer' have one and two seeds whereas those of 'Amit' have predominantly two. 'CDC Palmer' has a heavier seed weight than the reference varieties. 'CDC Palmer' has weak ribbing of the seed whereas it is absent for 'Amit'.

Description:

PLANT: erect growth habit, medium ramification, medium height, late maturing

STEM: no anthocyanin colouration

LEAF: medium green

FLOWER: flowers mid to late season, white

POD: medium green, medium length of beak, one and two ovules per pod
DRY SEED: beige one month after harvest, high to very high seed weight, round to angular shape, weak ribbing

Origin & Breeding History: 'CDC Palmer' (experimental designation 1041-3) was developed from the cross FLIP97-45c // FLIP97-133c / 95NN-12 carried out in 2004 at the Crop Development Centre at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Selections were made in the F3 to F8 generations, where 43 sub-lines were used to establish the breeder seed. Througout the generations, selections were based on yield, seed size, days to flower, days to maturity, plant height and disease resistance. In 2010, 'CDC Palmer' was entered into and evaluated as 1041-3 in Chickpea Regional Trials in western Canada.

Tests & Trials: The tests and trials for 'CDC Palmer' were conducted by the Crop Development Centre of the University of Saskatchewan, at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan during the summers of 2014 and 2015. The trials were conducted using a RCB Design consisting of 2 replications per variety. Each replicate consisted of 3 rows spaced 30 cm apart, with a row length of 3.66 metres and a planting density of 40 seeds per square metre. Measured characteristics were based on 20 measurements per variety per year. Mean differences were significant at the 5% confidence probability level based on a paired Student's t-test.


Comparison tables for 'CDC Palmer' with reference varieties 'CDC Leader', 'CDC Frontier', 'Amit' and 'CDC Alma'

Leaflet length (cm)

  'CDC Palmer' 'CDC Leader' 'CDC Frontier' 'Amit' 'CDC Alma'
mean 2014 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
std. deviation 2014 0.13 0.16 0.14 0.20 0.14
mean 2015 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
std. deviation 2015 0.11 0.11 0.13 0.12 0.09

Peduncle length (mm)

  'CDC Palmer' 'CDC Leader' 'CDC Frontier' 'Amit' 'CDC Alma'
mean 2014 17 17 15 13 17
std. deviation 2014 4.2 4.2 2.9 2.5 3.6
mean 2015 12.8 13.6 13.7 11.2 12.1
std. deviation 2015 1.6 1.6 2.7 1.6 1.9

Plant height (cm)

  'CDC Palmer' 'CDC Leader' 'CDC Frontier' 'Amit' 'CDC Alma'
mean 2014 48.1 44.7 45.9 43.0 42.4
std. deviation 2014 3.9 4.0 4.1 5.9 3.7
mean 2015 42.6 40.3 42.7 43.5 36.6
std. deviation 2015 4.8 3.4 3.9 3.5 3.4

Pod width (mm)

  'CDC Palmer' 'CDC Leader' 'CDC Frontier' 'Amit' 'CDC Alma'
mean 2014 14 14 13 12 13
std. deviation 2014 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7
mean 2015 13.5 14.3 13.3 12.1 13.2
std. deviation 2015 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.1

Seed weight (grams/100 seeds)

  'CDC Palmer' 'CDC Leader' 'CDC Frontier' 'Amit' 'CDC Alma'
mean 2014 45.5 40.8 35.3 26.8 37.6
std. deviation 2014 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.5
mean 2015 42.9 39.0 35.1 23.1 35.6
std. deviation 2015 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.4

Click on image for larger view
CDC Palmer
Chickpea: 'CDC Palmer' (top left) with reference varieties 'Amit' (top right), 'CDC Frontier' (bottom left), 'CDC Leader' (bottom centre) and 'CDC Alma' (bottom right)

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