|Botanical Name:||Prunus avium|
University of Guelph
50 Stone Rd E, Ichthyology Building #92
Jayasankar Subramanian, University of Guelph - Vineland Campus, Vineland Station, Ontario
|Grant of Rights Date:||2015-10-28|
|Grant of Rights Termination Date:||2040-10-28|
Varieties used for comparison: 'Vandalay' and 'Viva'
Summary: The plants of 'V84031' are self-fruitful whereas those of both reference varieties require cross pollination with other varieties to bear fruit. The plants of 'V84031' flower early in the season whereas those of 'Vandalay' flower very early and those of 'Viva' flower late. The petals of 'V84031' are broad obovate whereas those of 'Viva' are circular. The arrangement of the petals of 'V84031' are free whereas those of both reference varieties are intermediate between free and overlapping. The fruit of 'V84031' is large to very large whereas that of 'Viva' is medium to large. The fruit skin of 'V84031' is brown red whereas the skin of both reference varieties is red. The fruit flesh of 'V84031' is dark red whereas the flesh of 'Viva' is medium red.
PLANT: medium vigour, spreading growth habit, medium branching density, early flowering, early fruit ripening, self-fruitful
APEX OF YOUNG SHOOT DURING RAPID GROWTH: medium to strong anthocyanin colouration, sparse pubescence
ONE-YEAR-OLD SHOOT: normal internode length, medium to many lenticels, medium to thick
LEAF: small length to width ratio, dark green on upper side
PETIOLE: small length of blade to length of petiole ratio, light red nectaries
PETAL: broad obovate, free arrangement
FRUIT STALK: medium thickness, no abscission layer between stalk and fruit
FRUIT: large to very large, reniform, flat at pistil end, weakly conspicuous suture, firm, medium acidity, medium to high sweetness, medium juiciness
FRUIT SKIN: brown red, few to medium number of small lenticels, intermediate thickness
FRUIT FLESH: dark red
FRUIT JUICE: purple
STONE: large, broad elliptic in ventral view, large weight of fruit to weight of stone ratio
Origin & Breeding History: 'V84031' originated as a single selection from the progeny of a self pollination of the variety 'Vandalay' made in 1984. The new variety was selected and tested at the Vineland Research and Innovation Centre, in Vineland Station, Ontario. 'V84031' was selected for its early fruiting and its tendency to hang in the tree even after edible ripeness, which is condusive to staggered pickings.
Tests & Trials: The trial for 'V84031' was conducted outdoors during the summer of 2013 at the Univeristy of Guelph, Vineland and Innovation Centre in Vineland Station, Ontario. The trial consisted of 3 trees of 'V84031', 6 trees of 'Vandalay' and 2 trees of 'Viva' all of which were planted in 1979. There were an additional 3 trees of 'V84031' in the trial which were planted in 1997. All trees were planted in rows 6 metres apart with 7 metres between rows.
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