Denomination: 'PA1CN131'
Botanical Name: Brassica napus
Applicant/Holder: Bayer CropScience Inc.
Site 600, R.R. #6
P.O. Box 117
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7K 3J9
Breeder: Stewart Brandt, Bayer CropScience Inc., Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Application Date: 2012-07-16
Application Number: 12-7667
Protective direction granted: 2012-07-16
Grant of Rights Date: 2014-05-27
Certificate Number: 4819
Exemption from compulsory licensing: Yes
Expiry date for exemption from compulsory licensing: 2016-05-27
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2032-05-27

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'PPS02-144 A-Line', 'PPS01-140 A-Line' and '5020'

Summary: The cotyledon of 'PA1CN131' is wider and longer than that of 'PPS01-140 A-Line’ and is narrower and shorter than that of '5020'. 'PA1CN131' has fewer leaf lobes than '5020'. The leaf of 'PA1CN131' is shorter than that of '5020’. The leaf width of 'PA1CN131' is wider than that of 'PPS01-140 A-Line' and narrower than that of '5020’. 'PA1CN131' has no petiole whereas the petiole is present for the reference varieties. 'PA1CN131' begins flowering later than 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. 'PA1CN131' has a shorter petal than 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. The petal of 'PA1CN131' is narrower than that of the reference varieties. The silique of 'PA1CN131' is shorter than that of 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. 'PA1CN131' has a shorter beak than 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020' whereas it is longer than 'PPS01-140 A-Line'. The pedicel of 'PA1CN131' is shorter than that of 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. At maturity, the plant of 'PA1CN131' is taller than that of 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. 'PA1CN131' matures later than 'PPS02-144 A-Line' and '5020'. The seed coat of 'PA1CN131' is brown whereas it is black for the reference varieties.


PLANT: male sterile inbred line, spring type, short to medium height at maturity

COTYLEDON: narrow, medium length

LEAF: medium green, few lobes, undulating margin, medium density of shallow to medium depth margin dentations, short to medium length, narrow to medium width, petiole absent

FLOWER PETAL: yellow, short, narrow

SILIQUE: semi-erect attitude, very short to short, short to medium length beak, very short pedicel

SEED: brown

AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS: fair to good resistance to lodging
QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS: erucic acid is 0.03% of total fatty acids, oil content is 47.8% of whole dried seed, protein is 49.1% of dried oil free meal, very low glucosinolates (8.6 µmol/g)
DISEASE RESISTANCE: resistant to Blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans asexual stage: Phoma lingam)

Origin & Breeding History: 'PA1CN131’ is a male sterile line which contains the Ms8 gene construct in the heterozygous state. It was produced in Canada in 2007 and was selected in 2009 and 2010 on the basis of male sterility stability, expression of tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium herbicide and good combining ability with numerous restorer lines. Other selection parameters included height, vigour, maturity, black leg resistance, oil content, fatty acid profile and glucosinolate content.

Tests & Trials: Trials conducted in the summers of 2011 and 2012 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan were set up in a RCB Design with 3 replications per variety. Plots each year consisted of 3 rows with a row length of 6 metres and a row spacing of 50 cm. There were 40 measurements of the cotyledon characteristics, 30 measurements of the leaf, flower and plant height characteristics and 60 measurements of the silique characteristics. Means are based on a two year average. Differences are significant at the 2% probability level based on LSD values.

Comparison tables for 'PA1CN131' with reference varieties 'PPS02-144 A-Line', 'PPS01-140 A-Line' and '5020'

Cotyledon width (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=1.6) 20.6 21.0 18.5 26.7
std. deviation 1.6 0.7 1.6 1.3

Cotyledon length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=0.9) 11.4 11.4 9.6 14.8
std. deviation 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.9

Leaf length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=11.4) 204 205 196 260
std. deviation 7 13 8 8

Leaf width (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=6.4) 99 97 93 132
std. deviation 5 5 6 8

Petiole length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=7.7) N/A 92 106 130
std. deviation N/A 12 7 5

Days to flowering

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean 43 40 42 38

Flower petal length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=1.8) 9.9 13.8 10.9 16.1
std. deviation 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7

Flower petal width (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=0.9) 4.8 6.9 5.6 7.1
std. deviation 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9

Silique length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=2.5) 51.5 66.9 56.4 69.7
std. deviation 2.6 3.4 2.1 3.8

Beak length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=0.5) 8.8 13.1 6.7 14.4
std. deviation 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.8

Pedicel length (mm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=2.1) 13.1 15.9 12.5 21.3
std. deviation 1.3 0.5 1.6 0.9

Days to maturity

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean 100 97 98 89

Plant height (cm)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean (LSD=5.5) 120 114 130 107
std. deviation 2 5 10 8

Oil content (% in whole dried seed)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean 47.8 45.8 45.7 46.9

Protein content (% of dried oil free meal)

  'PA1CN131' 'PPS02-144 A-Line' 'PPS01-140 A-Line' '5020'
mean 49.1 51.6 49.7 48.3

Click on image for larger view
Canola: 'PA1CN131' (far left) with reference varieties 'PPS02-144 A-Line' (centre left), 'PPS01-140 A-Line' (centre right) and '5020' (far right)

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