Denomination: 'Balcanoran'
Trade name: Can-Can Orange
Botanical Name: Calibrachoa
Applicant/Holder: Ball Horticultural Company
622 Town Road
West Chicago, Illinois
United States of America
Breeder: Jianping Ren, Ball Horticultural Company, Elburn, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2009-03-16
Application Number: 09-6531
Date Withdrawn: 2011-11-03

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Cal Orang08' (Callie Orang '08)

Summary: The plants of 'Balcanoran' are taller than those of 'Cal Orang08'. The leaves and sepals of 'Balcanoran' are shorter than those of 'Cal Orang08'. 'Balcanoran' has smaller flowers than 'CalOrang08'. The corolla of 'Balcanoran' has one colour while that of 'Cal Orang08' have two colours. The corolla of 'Balcanoran' differs in colour from that of 'Cal Orang08'. The apex of the corolla lobes of 'Balcanoran' are cuspidate while those of 'Cal Orang08' are truncate. The veins on the inner side of the corolla tubes of 'Balcanoran' are strongly conspicuousness while those on 'Cal Orang08' are weakly conspicuousness.


PLANT: upright growth habit

LEAF BLADE: elliptic, broad acute apex, no variegation, medium to dark green on upper side, no blistering

SEPAL: no anthocyanin colouration
FLOWER: single type
COROLLA: degree of lobing ranging from weak to medium, red veins, one colour on upper side
COROLLA LOBE: purple red (RHS 54B) with red (RHS 43A-B) secondary veins and throat opening, medium conspicuousness of veins on upper side, orange pink (RHS 37B) with red pink (RHS 48C-D) tones on lower side, cuspidate apex
COROLLA TUBE: yellow (RHS 12A) on inner side, strong conspicuousness of veins on inner side

Origin & Breeding History: 'Balcanoran' originated from a cross pollination between the female parent 'Sunbelfire' and the male parent '01C-J-6' conducted in October 2005 in Elburn, Illinois, United States as part of a controlled breeding program. The initial selection of 'Balcanoran' was made in June 2006 and was based on flower colour, growth habit and floriferousness. Asexual propagation since that time has been through the use of vegetative cuttings.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Balcanoran' were conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2010 in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 20 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 30 cm hanging baskets on May 21, 2010. Each basket contained 4 cuttings with a total of 5 baskets per variety. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on July 13, 2010. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Balcanoran' with reference variety 'Cal Orang08'

Plant height (cm)

  'Balcanoran' 'Cal Orang08'
mean 25.6 17.6
std. deviation 2.49 1.51

Leaf length (cm)

  'Balcanoran' 'Cal Orang08'
mean 3.0 4.2
std. deviation 0.18 0.33

Sepal length (cm)

  'Balcanoran' 'Cal Orang08'
mean 0.7 1.1
std. deviation 0.07 0.06

Flower diameter (cm)

  'Balcanoran' 'Cal Orang08'
mean 2.4 2.8
std. deviation 0.10 0.13

Colour of upper side of corolla lobe (RHS)

  'Balcanoran' 'Cal Orang08'
main 54B with 43A-B secondary veins and throat opening 33B-C with 44A secondary veins
secondary N/A close to 45B at transition to corolla tube

Click on image for larger view
Calibrachoa: 'Balcanoran' (left) with reference variety 'Cal Orang08' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Calibrachoa: 'Balcanoran' (left) with reference variety 'Cal Orang08' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Calibrachoa: 'Balcanoran' (left) with reference variety 'Cal Orang08' (right)

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