Denomination: 'Balcabscar'
Trade name: Cabaret Scarlet
Botanical Name: Calibrachoa
Applicant/Holder: Ball Horticultural Company
622 Town Road
West Chicago, Illinois
United States of America
Breeder: Ball Horticultural Company, West Chicago, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-631-6241
Application Date: 2005-02-18
Application Number: 05-4583
Grant of Rights Date: 2007-09-25
Certificate Number: 2922
Date rights surrendered: 2010-09-20

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'USCALI28' (Superbells Red)

Summary: 'Balcabscar' is a calibrachoa variety which has a smaller flower diameter than 'USCALI28'. The corolla of 'Balcabscar' has less lobing than the reference variety. The lower side of the corolla of 'Balcabscar' is pink, whereas the lower side of 'USCALI28' is red purple. 'Balcabscar' also has more conspicuous veins on the inner side of the corolla tube than the reference variety.


PLANT: horizontal growth habit, broad width
SHOOT: medium thickness, medium length, no anthocyanin colouration
LEAF: medium to long in length, medium width, elliptic, narrow acute apex, medium green

SEPAL: medium length, rhombic shape, no anthocyanin
FLOWER: single, funnelform, medium diameter, medium length pedicel
COROLLA: weak to moderate lobing, red on upper side, no secondary colour, purple red on lower side, red brown veins, veins moderately to strongly conspicuous, weak undulation of margin
COROLLA TUBE: medium to long, yellow on inner side, very strongly conspicuous veins
ANTHER: yellowish white before dehiscence, yellow after dehiscence

Origin & Breeding History: 'Balcabscar' originated in a controlled breeding program on September 23, 2002 at Elburn, Illinois, U.S.A. The female parent was the proprietary calibrachoa selection designated 2043-2, characterized by its scarlet red flower colour and semi-upright growth habit. The male parent was a proprietary selection designated 1032-2, characterized by its cherry red flower colour, dark green leaf colour and semi-upright growth habit. The initial selection was made on May 16, 2003. Asexual propagation since that time has been through the use of vegetative cuttings.

Tests & Trials: The tests and trials for 'Balcabscar' were conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2006 in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 20 plants of each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 25 cm baskets on April 20, 2006. Each basket contained 3 cuttings with a total of 7 baskets per variety. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on July 5, 2006. All colour measurements were made using the RHS Colour Chart 2001.

Comparison tables for 'Balcabscar' with reference variety 'USCALI28'

Diameter of corolla (cm)

  'Balcabscar' 'USCALI28'
mean 3.1 3.5
std. deviation 0.12 0.11

Main colour of corolla lobe (RHS)

  'Balcabscar' 'USCALI28'
upper side 45B-C with tones of N57A 46B with tones of N57A
lower side more pink than 54B 63B

Click on image for larger view
Calibrachoa: 'Balcabscar' (left) with reference variety 'USCALI28' (right)

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