Denomination: 'Orangoutang'
Botanical Name: Malus domestica
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville
Atlantic Food & Horticulture Research Centre
32 Main Street
Kentville, Nova Scotia
B4N 1J5
Breeder: Charles G. Embree, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville, Nova Scotia
David Crowe, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville, Nova Scotia
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Tel: (403) 782-8126
Application Date: 2011-07-18
Application Number: 11-7322
Grant of Rights Date: 2013-02-11
Certificate Number: 4458
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2031-02-11

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Northern Spy', 'Empire' and 'McIntosh'

Summary: The pubescence on the distal half of the one-year-old shoot in 'Orangoutang' is dense to very dense while it is sparse in 'Northern Spy' and 'Empire'. 'Orangoutang' has a larger leaf than 'McIntosh'. The fruit of 'Orangoutang' is very large while the fruit is medium sized for 'Empire' and small for 'McIntosh'. 'Orangoutang' has absent or very weak bloom on the skin of the fruit while it is moderate in 'McIntosh' and strong in 'Northern Spy' and 'Empire'. The flesh of the fruit of 'Orangoutang' is very firm while it is a soft in 'Empire' and 'McIntosh'. The time of eating maturity for 'Orangoutang' is late to very late while it is mid season for 'Empire' and 'McIntosh'.


TREE: strong vigour, ramified, upright to spreading growth habit, bearing on spurs and long shoots
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: thick, reddish and dark brown on sunny side, dense to very dense pubescence on distal half of shoot, few to medium number of lenticels

LEAF: upwards attitude in relation to shoot, medium length/width ratio, medium green, serrate margin on upper half, medium pubescence on lower side
PETIOLE: small to medium extent of anthocyanin colouration at base

FLOWER: predominantly yellowish pink and dark pink at balloon stage, overlapping arrangement of petals, stigma at the same level as anthers, begins flowering mid-season

YOUNG FRUIT: absent or very small extent of anthocyanin overcolour
FRUIT: very large, medium height/diameter ratio, globose and conic shape, moderate ribbing, strong crowning at calyx end, medium-sized eye, medium length sepals, late harvest maturity and late to very late eating maturity
FRUIT SKIN: absent or weak glaucosity, absent or weak greasiness, yellow green ground colour, medium size area of russet around stalk attachment, absent or small area of russet on cheeks and around eye basin, medium to many lenticels, medium to large sized lenticels
OVERCOLOUR: small to medium area, light orange red hue, medium striped pattern
STALK: medium to thick thickness
STALK CAVITY: deep, medium to broad width
EYE BASIN: deep, broad
FRUIT FLESH: very firm, cream and yellowish, fully open aperture of locules in transverse section

FRUIT QUALITY: distinct acidity during storage

DISEASE & PEST REACTION: moderately susceptible to apple scab (Venturia inaequalis), moderately susceptible to rosy apple aphid (Dysaphis plantaginea), susceptible to apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella) codling moth (Laspyresia pomonella) and European red mite (Panonychus ulmil)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Orangoutang' (experimental designation KAS 46) is the result of the cross made by Dr. A. D. Crowe in 1985 between 'Granny Smith' and the Kentville seedling S13-35-53 at the Atlantic Food & Horticultural Research Centre in Kentville, Nova Scotia. Preliminary selections were done by Dr. Crowe until his retirement in 1987. Seedlings from the original cross were planted in 1987. KAS 46 was selected by C. Embree, newly propagated and planted in a comparative trial in block 140 in 1999. Selection criteria since then were for precocity, fruit size, colour, volume of yield, storage traits and fruit quality characteristics.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted at the Atlantic Food & Horticulture Research Centre in Kentville, Nova Scotia during the 2010 growing season. Trees were planted in a row with a 2.1 metre spacing between trees within the row and 6.1 metre spacing between the rows. There were 5 trees of 'Orangoutang', 'McIntosh' and 'Northern' Spy' and 4 trees of 'Empire'. Trees of 'Orangoutang', 'McIntosh' and 'Empire' were on M26 rootstock while 'Northern spy' was on C655 rootstock.

Comparison tables for 'Orangoutang' with reference varieties 'Northern Spy', 'Empire' and 'McIntosh'

Leaf length (cm)

  'Orangoutang' 'Northern Spy' 'Empire' 'McIntosh'
mean 9.91 9.75 10.20 7.32
std. deviation 1.12 1.46 1.57 1.03

Leaf width (cm)

  'Orangoutang' 'Northern Spy' 'Empire' 'McIntosh'
mean 6.65 6.44 7.40 5.48
std. deviation 0.96 1.19 1.09 0.79

Fruit height (cm)

  'Orangoutang' 'Northern Spy' 'Empire' 'McIntosh'
mean 8.25 7.25 6.45 5.83
std. deviation 0.68 0.50 0.49 0.16

Fruit diameter (cm)

  'Orangoutang' 'Northern Spy' 'Empire' 'McIntosh'
mean 8.93 8.53 7.80 6.54
std. deviation 0.44 0.31 0.27 0.25

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'Orangoutang' (KAS 46) (centre top) with reference varieties 'Northern Spy' (top), 'McIntosh' (centre bottom) and 'Empire' (bottom)

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'Orangoutang' (KAS 46) (second from bottom) with reference varieties 'Northern Spy' (top), 'McIntosh' (second from top) and 'Empire' (bottom)

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