Denomination: 'G198'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'CIVG198'
Trade name: Modi
Botanical Name: Malus domestica
Applicant/Holder: C.I.V. Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti Societa Consortile A.R.L.
Loc. Boattone - Stat. Romea Km 116
S. Giuseppe di Comacchio
Breeder: Michelangelo Leis, Ferrara, FE, Italy
Gianfranco Castagnoli, Quingetole, MN, Italy
Alessio Martinelli, Ferrara, FE, Italy
Francesco Tagliani, Argenta, FE, Italy
Agent in Canada: Fetherstonhaugh & Co.
P.O. Box 2999, Station D
55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 900
Ottawa, Ontario
K1P 5Y6
Tel: 613-232-2486 ex.1279
Application Date: 2008-11-06
Application Number: 08-6467
Grant of Rights Date: 2016-12-22
Certificate Number: 5399
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2041-12-22

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Royal Gala'

Summary: The one year old shoots of 'CIVG198' are thin and reddish brown on the sunny side whereas they are medium to thick and dark brown on 'Royal Gala'. The petals of 'CIVG198' are overlapping whereas they are intermediate in 'Royal Gala'. The pattern of the overcolour of the fruit of 'CIVG198' is a solid flush with weakly defined stripes whereas the pattern is flushed, striped and mottled on 'Royal Gala'. The fruit stalk of 'CIVG198' is longer than that of 'Royal Gala'.


TREE: medium vigour, ramified, spreading growth habit, fruit bearing on spurs and long shoots, begins flowering mid to late season, mid-season harvest maturity, mid-season time of eating maturity
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: thin, reddish brown on sunny side, medium density of pubescence on distal half, few lenticels

LEAF: outwards attitude in relation to shoot, medium length to width ratio, medium green, serrate type one margin, medium density of pubescence on lower side

FLOWER: white to light pink in balloon stage, medium to large diameter when petals are pressed into horizontal position, overlapping arrangement of petals, stigma positioned at the same level as the anthers

FRUIT: medium sized, medium height to diameter ratio, conic shape, absent or weak ribbing, moderate crowning at calyx end, small to medium size eye, medium length sepal
FRUIT SKIN: absent or weak bloom, absent or weak greasiness, yellow green ground colour, medium size area of russet around stalk attachment, absent or small area of russet on cheeks and around eye basin, medium number of small sized lenticels
OVERCOLOUR OF SKIN: large to very large area, dark red, pattern of solid flush with weakly defined broad stripes
STALK: medium thickness
STALK CAVITY: medium depth and width
EYE BASIN: shallow to medium depth, medium width
FRUIT FLESH: medium firmness, cream, fully open aperture of locules

Origin & Breeding History: 'CIVG198' was derived from the cross between the female parent 'Gala' and the male parent 'Liberty' made in 1996 in S. Giuseppe de Comacchio in Ferrara, Italy. The variety was selected for the firmness of the fruit flesh and resistance to Apple Scab.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted at the Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland, B.C. from 2011 to 2013. The trials consisted of 10 trees each of both CIVG198' (grafted on M9 and Nic29 rootstocks) and 'Royal Gala' (grafted on MM111 rootstock). Trees of 'CIVG198' were planted in 2010 and those of 'Royal Gala' were planted in 1996. All trees were planted 0.9 metres apart within rows. The rows were spaced 3 metres apart. Measured characteristics were based on a minimum of 10 measurements.

Comparison table for 'G198' with reference variety 'Royal Gala'

Fruit stalk length (cm)

  'G198' 'Royal Gala'
mean 3.16 1.70
std. deviation 0.5 0.19

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'CIVG198' (right) with reference variety 'Royal Gala' (left)

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