Denomination: 'Evangeline'
Botanical Name: Malus domestica
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville
Atlantic Food & Horticulture Research Centre
32 Main Street
Kentville, Nova Scotia
B4N 1J5
Breeder: Charles G. Embree, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville, Nova Scotia
David Crowe, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Kentville, Nova Scotia
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W1
Tel: (403) 782-8126
Application Date: 2006-04-28
Application Number: 06-5466
Protective direction granted: 2006-04-28
Grant of Rights Date: 2008-11-21
Certificate Number: 3395
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2026-11-21

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Aurora Golden Gala' and 'Summerland Mac'

Summary: 'Evangeline' is an apple variety which has few lenticels on the one year old shoots, whereas both reference varieties have many lenticels. 'Evangeline' has longer leaves than both reference varieties. The time of bud burst and the time of flowering is mid to late season for 'Evangeline' while it is early for both 'Aurora Golden Gala' and 'Summerland Mac'. 'Evangeline' has larger flowers than both reference varieties. The fruit of 'Evangeline' are globose while those of 'Summerland Mac' are flat globose. The ground colour of the fruit skin of 'Evangeline' is yellow while it is green-yellow in 'Aurora Golden Gala' and green in 'Summerland Mac'. The type of over colour on the skin of 'Evangeline' is flecked while 'Aurora Golden Gala' is streaked and 'Summerland Mac' is a blush. The fruit flesh of 'Evangeline' is yellowish while it is cream in 'Aurora Golden Gala' and white in 'Summerland Mac'. The aperture of locules on the fruit of 'Evangeline' are closed while they are open on both reference varieties. 'Evangeline' matures later in the season than 'Summerland Mac'.


TREE: strong vigour, spreading habit
BRANCHES: high frequency, intermediate strength, less than 90 degree angle to trunk, fruit bearing on spurs
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: strong pubescence, few medium to large lenticels

SHOOT TIP LEAF: green growing tip, straight in cross section, medium pubescence on upper side, greenish white lower side, slightly red at margins
LEAF: medium size, outwards facing orientation, medium length/width ratio, serrate margin, medium to strong glossiness on upper side, pubescent on lower side

FLOWER: mid to late season bud burst, dark pink bud in full balloon stage, mid to late flowering, red pedicel, single type
PETAL: overlapping margins, light blue pink upper side (RHS 56B), light blue pink lower side (RHS 55C)

FRUIT: medium size, globose, asymmetric in side view, no ribbing, medium crowning at distal end, intermediate yield, mid season maturity, biennial cropping frequency
EYE: small, closed aperture of eye
EYE BASIN: deep, narrow
SEPAL: short, touching at base
STALK: medium thickness, medium length
STALK CAVITY: shallow to medium depth, narrow
FRUIT SKIN: smooth, no bloom, no waxiness, medium thickness, yellow ground colour, medium amount of reddish pink flecked overcolour, medium amount of russet positioned overall, slightly prominent medium sized lenticels, no tendency of stem cavity cracking
FRUIT FLESH: yellowish, absent or very weak core line, closed aperture of locules, moderate browning tendency, moderate firmness, medium juiciness
SEED: brown, normal shape

RESISTANCE TO DISEASE: susceptible to Scab (Venturia inaequalis)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Evangeline' originated from a cross between the parents 'NJ32' and 'NJ191456' conducted in 1963, through the collaborative efforts of a plant breeding cooperative whose objective was to develop scab resistant cultivars. The seeds from this cross were sent to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, in Kentville, Nova Scotia, and planted in a seedling evaluation block where Dr. A.D. Crowe selected seedling S-23-06-153 in 1968. Following Dr. Crowe's retirement, further evaluation of the horticultural traits was conducted by Mr. Charlie Embree and the seedling was renamed as 'Evangeline'. The fruit was evaluated from 1978 through 1984 and repropagated in 2003. Selection of 'Evangeline' was based on flavour, colour and fruit shape, growth habit, high yield potential and the fact that there is no requirement for storage to achieve maturity for consumption.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Evangeline' were conducted at the Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in Kentville, Nova Scotia. Trees were planted in two trials, the first in 1995 on MM 106 semi-dwarf rootstocks and the second in 1999 on Bud 9 rootstocks along a trellis at a high density. The 1999 orchard is currently being maintained using organic production practices.

Comparison tables for 'Evangeline' with reference varieties 'Aurora Golden Gala' and 'Summerland Mac'

Dormant one-year-old shoot thickness (mm)

  'Evangeline' 'Aurora Golden Gala' 'Summerland Mac'
mean 4.77 4.17 4.03
std. deviation 0.57 0.44 0.29

Leaf length (mm)

  'Evangeline' 'Aurora Golden Gala' 'Summerland Mac'
mean 90.15 80.28 80.35
std. deviation 4.12 4.80 4.35

Flower diameter (cm)

  'Evangeline' 'Aurora Golden Gala' 'Summerland Mac'
mean 53.94 45.50 45.70
std. deviation 2.6 2.75 1.72

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'Evangeline' (left) with reference varieties 'Aurora Golden Gala' (center) and 'Summerland Mac' (right)

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