Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Horticulture Research & Development Centre
430, boulevard Gouin, P.O. Box 457
Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
|Agent in Canada:||
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
6000 C&E Trail
Tel: (403) 782-8126
|Grant of Rights Date:||2007-09-18|
|Date rights surrendered:||2014-09-18|
Varieties used for comparison: 'Malling 26' and 'Malling 9'
Summary: 'SJP84-5189' is an apple rootstock variety which has sparse pubescence on the upper half of the dormant one-year old shoots, whereas both 'Malling 26' and 'Malling 9' have very dense pubescence. 'SJP84-5189' has weakly shiny bark, whereas 'Malling 9' has strongly shiny bark. The leaves of 'SJP84-5189' have very sparse pubescence on the lower side, whereas 'Malling 26' has dense pubescence. Self rooted trees of 'SJP84-5189' produce very small fruit, compared to those of 'Malling 26' which are medium in size. 'SJP84-5189' fruit are globose in shape with a very shallow or no eye basin and yellow ground colour, whereas 'Malling 26' fruit are flat in shape, have a medium to deep eye basin and a green-yellow ground colour. In cross-section the fruit of 'SJP84-5189' have a very weak core line, whereas 'Malling 26' has a moderate to strongly distinct core line.
TREE: very low suckering tendency, poor root anchorage, dwarfing
BASAL SHOOTS IN STOOL BED: weak vigour, low number, straight to wavy
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: sparse pubescence on upper half, weak shine on bark, weak flexibility, few to medium number of lenticels, lenticels medium to large in size, reddish brown colour on sunny side
LATERAL BUD: small to medium size, pointed tip, slightly held out relative to axis, small bud support
GROWING TIP: red
SHOOT TIP LEAVES: concave to straight in cross section, very sparse pubescence on upper side, green on lower side
LEAVES: medium green, no lobing, medium size, oriented outwards to downwards, acuminate apex, serrate margin, weak glossiness on upper side, very sparse pubescence on lower side, weak anthocyanin on veins, no (or very weak) anthocyanin colouration on upper side
STIPULES: medium size
FLOWER BUD: medium pink (in full balloon stage)
FLOWERS: single, pedicel green
PETALS: white with slight pink blush, circular to ovate in shape, overlapping margins
FRUIT: very small, globose shape, asymmetric in side view, weak to medium ribbing, weak crowning at distal end, medium eye, eye open, persistent calyx, short to medium sepals, sepals overlapping at base, absent to very shallow eye basin
FRUIT STALK: thin, very long, stalk cavity narrow to medium in width and shallow to medium in depth
FRUIT SURFACE: smooth, weak bloom, yellow ground colour, very low amount of pink overcolour, overcolour is a blush, low amount of russet around stalk cavity, lenticels small and not prominent
FRUIT IN CROSS SECTION: yellowish flesh, very weak core line, open locules
SEED: brown at maturity, globose conical shape
REACTION TO INSECTS: Resistant to woolly apple aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum Hausmann)
REACTION TO DISEASES: Resistant to scab (Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) Winter)
Origin & Breeding History: 'SJP84-5189' originated from a cross between 'Robusta 5' and 'Malling 27', made in 1975 at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. The selection criteria and evaluation since 1975 for the variety has been on the basis of vigour, winter hardiness, disease resistance, dwarfing effect and the effect on the tree branch structure.
Tests & Trials: Tests and trials for 'SJP84-5189' were conducted at the L'Acadie Research Sub Station of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. The trial included 3 to 4 root stocks of each variety and 4 self rooted trees of each variety. The stoolbed was planted in 2003 and self rooted trees of the varieties were planted in an orchard in 1999 and allowed to develop into fruiting trees. Measurements and observations were recorded in 2005. Measured characteristics were based on 10 measurements.
Comparison tables for 'SJP84-5189' with reference varieties 'Malling 26' and 'Malling 9'
Dormant one-year old shoots: thickness (mm)
|'SJP84-5189'||'Malling 26'||'Malling 9'|
Dormant one-year old shoot: length of internode (mm) (at middle third of shoots)
|'SJP84-5189'||'Malling 26'||'Malling 9'|
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