Denomination: 'Civni'
Trade name: Rubens
Botanical Name: Malus
Applicant/Holder: C.I.V. Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti Societa Consortile A.R.L.
Loc. Boattone - Stat. Romea Km 116
S. Giuseppe di Comacchio
Breeder: Gianfranco Castagnoli, Quingetole, MN, Italy
Michelangelo Leis, Ferrara, FE, Italy
Alessio Martinelli, Ferrara, FE, Italy
Agent in Canada: Fetherstonhaugh & Co.
P.O. Box 2999, Station D
55 Metcalfe Street, Suite 900
Ottawa, Ontario
K1P 5Y6
Tel: 613-232-2486 ex.1279
Application Date: 2002-02-11
Application Number: 02-2990
Grant of Rights Date: 2013-12-19
Certificate Number: 4683
Date rights revoked: 2016-12-19

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Royal Gala' and 'Elstar'

Summary: The one year old shoot of 'Civni' is thin whereas it is medium in thickness on 'Elstar'. The internode length of one year old shoots of 'Civni' is shorter than those of both reference varieties. The leaf blade margins of 'Civni' are serrate type two whereas they are serrate type one on both reference varieties. The fruit of 'Civni' are shorter and narrower than the fruit of both reference varieties. The eye of the fruit of 'Civni' is small whereas it is medium sized on both reference varieties. The fruit of 'Civni' has few lenticels of small size whereas 'Elstar' has a medium number of medium-sized lenticels. The stalk cavity and eye basin of 'Civni' are both medium to deep whereas they are shallow to medium depth on 'Elstar'.


TREE: weak, ramified, spreading growth habit
ONE-YEAR OLD SHOOT: thin, reddish brown on sunny side, medium density of pubescence on distal half, medium to many lenticels

LEAF: outwards attitude in relation to shoot, medium length/width ratio, medium green, serrate type two margin

FLOWER: begins flowering mid to late season, dark pink in balloon stage, medium diameter when petals are pressed into horizontal position, intermediate arrangement of petals, stigma positioned above anthers

FRUIT: medium size, small to medium height/diameter ratio, conic shape, absent or weak to moderate ribbing, strong crowning at calyx end, small eye, medium length sepal, mid-season harvest maturity and time of eating maturity
FRUIT SKIN: absent or weak bloom, moderate greasiness, yellow green ground colour, large area of medium red over colour of weakly defined flush with strongly defined narrow to medium width stripes, absent or small area of russet around stalk attachment and on cheeks and around eye basin, few small lenticels
STALK: medium to thick, medium length
STALK CAVITY: medium to deep, medium width
EYE BASIN: medium to deep, narrow to medium width
FRUIT FLESH: firm, cream, moderately open to fully open aperture of locules

Origin & Breeding History: 'Civni' arose as a result of the cross between 'Gala' as the seed parent and 'Elstar' as the pollen parent. The cross was made in 1988 in the zone of Ferrara in North Italy with the first selection taking place in 1991. 'Civni' was selected for its maturity date, sweet flavour, fruit shape and tree growth habit.

Tests & Trials: The tests and trials for 'Civni' were conducted in Summerland, British Columbia by the okanagan Plant Improvement Co. Ltd. (PICO) during the 2010 to 2012 growing seasons. The trials consisted of 11 trees of the candidate variety planted in 2007 on M9 rootstocks spaced 1 metre apart between the trees in the row and 3 metres apart between rows. The trees of the reference varieties, 'Elstar' and 'Gala', were planted in 1996.

Comparison tables for 'Civni' with reference varieties 'Royal Gala' and 'Elstar'

Length of internode of one year old shoot (mm)

  'Civni' 'Royal Gala' 'Elstar'
mean 28.35 34.14 30.10
std. deviation 6.28 8.49 5.15

Leaf blade length (mm)

  'Civni' 'Royal Gala' 'Elstar'
mean 95.21 98.55 92.33
std. deviation 8.59 12.22 8.4

Fruit height (mm)

  'Civni' 'Royal Gala' 'Elstar'
mean 62.98 66.42 71.15
std. deviation 3.18 2.47 4.00

Fruit width (mm)

  'Civni' 'Royal Gala' 'Elstar'
mean 72.08 74.75 84.10
std. deviation 2.74 2.86 3.78

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'Civni' (bottom right) with reference varieties 'Gala' (bottom left) and 'Elstar' (top)

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